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CD4 Cells
By Afsath Jameela

CD4 Cells
Treatment centers need consulting rooms, offices, waiting rooms and secure storage for valuable drugs. They also require basic facilities to test for anemia, pregnancy, renal function, white blood cell counts and other factors that may affect treatment.
In developed countries, decisions about when to start treatment are based on the results of clinical tests called the CD4 test and the viral load test. Ideally these tests should be used everywhere, but in many parts of the world they are currently unavailable, as they require expensive equipment, electricity and trained technicians. In theory, decisions about when to start treatment may be based on symptoms alone. However in practice some treatment programmers provide medication only to people who have had a CD4 count.
There are two primary types of T-cells.
1. CD4 Cells-These cells have molecules called CD4 on its surface. These "helper" cells initiate the body's response to invading micro-organisms such as viruses.
2.CD8 Cells-These types of T-cells have a molecule called CD8 on their surface. CD8 cells destroy cells that have been infected with foreign invading micro-organisms. CD8 cells also produce antiviral substances (antibodies) that help fight off the foreign invader.
3.Normal values-In a healthy adult, a normal CD4 count can vary a great deal but is typically 600 to 1200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood
Between 600 and 350- In an HIV+ person, this range is considered "very good".
HIV medications are typically not be indicated.
Between 350 and 200-The immune system is weakened and therefore the HIV+ person may be at increased risk for infection and illness.
Function of T helper cells: Antigen presenting cells present antigen on their Class II MHC molecules. Helper T cells recognize these, with the help of their expression of CD4 co-receptor. The activation of a resting helper T cell causes it to release cytokines and other stimulatory signals. The importance of CD4 T cells is demonstrated with infection.
It has been proposed that during the non-symptomatic phase of infection, the virus has a relatively low affinity towards T cells (and has a higher affinity for macrophages), resulting in a slow kill rate of CD4+ T cells by the immune system. This is initially compensated for via the production of new helper T cells from thymus. Once the virus becomes T-tropic, it begins to infect CD4+ T cells far more efficiently, and

2 mentally challenged boys beaten on theft suspicions - Jaipur News, Jaipur City News | Cities News - Times of India
Two mentally challenged minor boys, who ran away from a shelter home, were tied up for hours on Friday and thrashed by residents of Hathidhara village under Ambamata police station, suspecting them to be ...
Texas mass murder suspect collapses in court as crime recounted - FirstPost: World
<p> HOUSTON (Reuters) - The man accused of killing four children aged 4 to 14 and their parents after entering their suburban Houston home while looking for his former wife collapsed when details of the crime were read aloud in court on Friday. Ronald Lee Haskell, 33, who is being held without bond, was in court for a hearing after being charged on Thursday with capital murder and multiple murders of his former wife's relatives</p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://www.firstpost.com/world/texas-mass-murder-suspect-collapses-in-court-as-crime-recounted-1615499.html">Texas mass murder suspect collapses in court as crime recounted</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://www.firstpost.com">Firstpost</a>.</p>
Mentally ill American sentenced for threatening Bush - Zee News : World
A bipolar house painter arrested with a loaded rifle was sentenced to one year supervised release in New York today for threatening to kill former president George W Bush.
Texas mass murder suspect collapses in court as crime recounted - Zee News : World
The man accused of killing four children aged 4 to 14 and their parents after entering their suburban Houston home while looking for his former wife collapsed when details of the crime were read aloud in court on Friday.
?Girl shedding tears of stone is not black magic? - Hindu: Cities
Psychiatrists of the Vijayawada Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (VIMHANS) had the rare opportunity to study a girl-child who is believed to be shedding tears of stone.Several c...
VISAKHAPATNAM TODAY - The Hindu: Today's Paper
VISAKHAPATNAM TODAY
Extradited PIO Gets Life in Prison for Killing Wife, Children - newindianexpress.com
Lakshminivasa Nerusu stabbed his wife 59 times and then waited for his children to arrive home and attacked them also
Extradited PIO gets life in prison for killing wife, daughters - Zee News : India National
A 46-year-old Indian-origin computer scientist has been sentenced to life for killing his wife and two young children by slashing their throats in a bid to escape an unhappy marriage in 2008.
Thumbs up for Braille press, not much else - Hindu: News
There is some excitement in the disability sector post the Union Budget, but there is also some disappointment. The move to establish 15 new Braille presses, modernise the 10 existing one...
Psychologist says depression did not drive Charu Deshpande to suicide - Mid Day: National
A psychological autopsy of Charu Deshpande (57), former corporate affairs and communication chief at Tata Steel who was found hanging in his Vasai home on Friday, June 28, 2013, has negated the police?s theory that Charu took his life because he was depressed. 57-year-old Charu Deshpande was found hanging at his Vasai home on June 28, 2013 A psychological autopsy is done to ascertain the state of a dead person?s mind just prior to his death, and is conducted through conversation with family members and close friends. The Press Club Mumbai had approached well-known psychiatrist Harish Shetty, who conducted the autopsy. The autopsy has confirmed that Charu was threatened by unidentified persons before he took his life, and that he was living in a climate of fear ? a fact that Dr Shetty ascertained after speaking to Charu?s family members and close acquaintances. The one-page report concludes that ?Charudatta Deshpande did not suffer from depression or any serious mental illness before his demise. He ...
New Currency Notes to Have Braille-like Signs - newindianexpress.com
A psychological autopsy of Charu Deshpande (57), former corporate affairs and communication chief at Tata Steel who was found hanging in his Vasai home on Friday, June 28, 2013, has negated the police?s theory that Charu took his life because he was depressed. 57-year-old Charu Deshpande was found hanging at his Vasai home on June 28, 2013 A psychological autopsy is done to ascertain the state of a dead person?s mind just prior to his death, and is conducted through conversation with family members and close friends. The Press Club Mumbai had approached well-known psychiatrist Harish Shetty, who conducted the autopsy. The autopsy has confirmed that Charu was threatened by unidentified persons before he took his life, and that he was living in a climate of fear ? a fact that Dr Shetty ascertained after speaking to Charu?s family members and close acquaintances. The one-page report concludes that ?Charudatta Deshpande did not suffer from depression or any serious mental illness before his demise. He ...
?City Ideal for AIIMS-like Hospital? - newindianexpress.com
While Bangalore fares better than many cities in speciality care hospitals, the medical fraternity is disappointed with the city?s name not appearing in the list of cities that are going to get new All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).
No air travel for the mentally challenged? - deccanherald.com
In yet another case of violation of rules regarding &apos;air transportation of the disabled&apos; and sheer insensitivity, a woman with an autistic child was recently told by Air India staff that they &quot;do not accept passengers with any mentaldisability/challenge/autism.&quot; Though she took up the matter with the board of directors, Air India, and they wrote back to her saying that the incident will be investigated, there was no word of assurance that her son will be allowed to fly with the airline in future. With several such cases having surfaced in the past, the present case again points to gaps in implementation of guidelines set in this regard by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) combined with lack of staff training. All of this ends up inconveniencing the differently abled who are already burdened by various problems on a daily basis. Nikita Sarah, head, Advocacy and Communication, The Leprosy Mission Trust India, called up the Air India Customer Support on June 21 to enquire about facilities ...
Jaitley Announces New Schemes for Disabled - newindianexpress.com
In yet another case of violation of rules regarding &apos;air transportation of the disabled&apos; and sheer insensitivity, a woman with an autistic child was recently told by Air India staff that they &quot;do not accept passengers with any mentaldisability/challenge/autism.&quot; Though she took up the matter with the board of directors, Air India, and they wrote back to her saying that the incident will be investigated, there was no word of assurance that her son will be allowed to fly with the airline in future. With several such cases having surfaced in the past, the present case again points to gaps in implementation of guidelines set in this regard by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) combined with lack of staff training. All of this ends up inconveniencing the differently abled who are already burdened by various problems on a daily basis. Nikita Sarah, head, Advocacy and Communication, The Leprosy Mission Trust India, called up the Air India Customer Support on June 21 to enquire about facilities ...
NCW members meet Pipili gang-rape survivor in hospital - Zee News : States
After meeting a minor gang-rape survivor here, National Commission for Women (NCW) members have said they will suggest "tough" recommendations to the NCW for taking stringent action against those responsible for the girl`s plight.
NCW Members Meet Pipili Gang Rape Survivor in Hospital - The New Indian Express - Odisha - http://newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/
After meeting a minor gang-rape survivor here, National Commission for Women (NCW) members have said they will suggest "tough" recommendations to the NCW for taking stringent action against those responsible for the girl`s plight.
Jaitley announces new schemes for disabled - New Kerala: India News
New Delhi, July 10 : Finance Minister Arun Jaitley Thursday announced some new schemes for disabled people.
Mentally Challenged Woman Raped by 67-yr-old - newindianexpress.com
A 24-year-old mentally challenged woman was allegedly raped by a senior citizen here, following which the accused has been arrested, police said.
Probe into death begins - The Hindu: Today's Paper
Probe into death begins
How bipolar disorder drives people to riskier gambles - New Kerala: World News
London, July 9 : Areas of the brain involved in pursuing and relishing rewarding experiences are more strongly activated in people with bipolar disorder - guiding them towards riskier gambles and away from safer ones, says a study.
Sleep deprivation can lead to schizophrenia symptoms - TOI: All Headlines
Sleep deprivation can lead to schizophrenia symptoms
Medical College inks deal with Welsh centre for research in mental health - Mysore - City - The Times of India
The department of psychiatry, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute signed a memorandum of understanding with the Centre for Mental Health Society, Bangor University of Wales, United Kingdom at the Pathology Hall, Mysore Medical College here on Monday.
1,130 illiterates among 5,286 people ended life in state - Allahabad - City - The Times of India
Uneducated people and educated up to primary and middle classes form the bigger chunk of people committing suicide in the state, revealed the data released by National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB).
Youth to be trained to counsel distressed peers - deccanherald.com
The National Institute of Mental Health And Neuro Sciences (Nimhans) has launched a project, on a pilot basis, to train youth to help their peers and age-mates on such issues as mental health and safety. The &apos;Integrated Mental Health Promotion Services&apos; project has been undertaken in association with the Department of Youth Empowerment and Sports in Kolar and Chikkaballapur districts. It will be gradually launched in other districts. Under the project, five youths aged 16-29 from each district will be trained as master trainers who will, in turn, impart training to 30-50 facilitators at the grassroots level. Here is how the trainers and facilitators will be of help. With the number of suicides and road accidents involving youngsters going up over the years, the youth facilitators will provide their peers and age-mates &quot;lay counselling&quot; on the dangers and consequences of such traumatic experiences. &quot;If anyone needs help, the facilitators will provide it from a network of organisations after due resource ...
SC wants states&#039; reply on yoga in schools - deccanherald.com
The Supreme Court on Tuesday favoured seeking response from all states on a plea for introducing yoga in every school as a compulsory subject. The apex court said it was necessary as the standards for elementary education were laid down by notified expert bodies of the state governments. A three-judge bench, presided by H L Dattu, asked the petitioner J C Seth and others to implead all states as parties within four weeks in their petitions, except the CBSE and the Council for Indian School Certificate Examination. During the hearing, the bench, also consisting of Justices R K Agrawal and Arun Mishra, wondered if it could issue directions for implementing yoga as a school subject under Article 142 of the Constitution. Senior advocate M N Krishnamani, appearing for the petitioners, contended that yoga was for better physical and mental health of everyone. He cited the National Curriculum Framework 2005, which has recommended that yoga be introduced from the primary level in informal ways, and formal ...

the immune system is overwhelmed.
At this point, functional CD4+ T cell levels begin to decrease, eventually to a point where the CD4+ T cell population is too small to recognize the full range antigens that could potentially be detected. The lack of full antigen cover results in the core symptoms of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).CD4 T cell depletion during AIDS allows various pathogens to escape T cell recognition, thus allowing opportunistic infections that would normally elicit a helper T cell response to bypass the immune system. While these complete bypass situations only occur when the helper T cell response is absolutely necessary for infection clearance, most infections increase in severity and/or duration because the immune system's helper T cells provide a weaker contribution to a less efficient immune response.
Two components of the immune system are particularly affected in AIDS, due to its CD4+ T cell dependency:
CD8+ T cells are not stimulated as effectively during the AIDS period of infection, making AIDS patients very susceptible to most viruses, including itself. This decline in killing of CD4+ T cells results in the virus being produced for a longer period (the infected CD4+ T cells are not killed as quickly), increasing the proliferation of the virus, and accelerating the development of the disease.
Antibody class switching declines significantly once helper T cell function fails. The immune system loses its ability to improve the affinity of their antibodies, and are unable to generate B cells that can produce antibody groups such as IgG and IgA. These effects are primarily due to the loss of any helper T cell that can interact with the B lymphocyte correctly. Another symptom of AIDS is the reduction in antibody levels due to a decrease in Th2 cytokines (and less interactions by helper T cells). All of these complications result in an increased susceptibility to aggressive bacterial infections, especially in areas of the body not accessible by IgM antibodies.
If the patient does not respond to Treatment they will succumb usually to either cancers or infections; the immune system finally reaches a point where it is no longer coordinated or stimulated enough to deal with the disease.

 Keywords:  HIV,AIDS,HIV Cure,HIV Treatment,HIV Infection,HIV Dating,HIV Positive,HIV Symptoms.


Afsath Jameela is a successful lady writer from Kairo. She right now living in UK.

The Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC). Durability of first ART regimen and risk factors for modification, interruption or death in HIV-positive patients starting ART in Europe and North America 2002?2009: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: AIDS)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Genome-wide analysis of histone modifications in latently HIV-1 infected T cells
Conclusion:The transcriptional regulation by epigenetic memory should play a key role in the evolution and maintenance of HIV-1 latency accompanied by modulation of signalling molecules in the host cells. (Source: AIDS)
HIV 'cure' won't work until virus eliminated from body
A baby in Mississippi reported free of HIV has relapsed &ndash; showing that even traces of the virus can rebound (Source: New Scientist - HIV and AIDS)
No end yet in sight for scourge: Setback to Aids battle as child tests positive again
A four-year-old child who was said last year to have been cured of Aids after radical treatment with anti-viral drugs within hours of its birth has been found to be HIV positive ? shattering the hopes that the virus could be vanquished. (Source: The Independent - Science)
Doctors' hopes for radical cure are 'shattered' as a child treated for AIDS is now found to be HIV positive
A four-year-old child who was said last year to have been cured of AIDs after radical treatment with anti-viral drugs within hours of its birth has been found to be HIV positive ? shattering the hopes that the virus could be vanquished. (Source: The Independent - Science)
If Big Pharma Ignores Antibacterial R&D, Where Will We Get The Drugs To Treat Superbugs?
What is needed is more basic research on bacterial drug resistance. This is where the NIH can play a big role. The total 2014 NIH budget for infectious diseases is $5 billion. However, this is spread across all infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS, as well as biodefense work. Perhaps the time has come for the NIH to make understanding the mechanisms of bacterial resistance a national health priority and invest accordingly. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Africa: TB Drug Resistance Signifies Failure
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Sex differences in benzodiazepine use in the HIV-infected population
(Source: AIDS Care)
An assessment of health-care students' attitudes toward patients with or at high risk for HIV: implications for education and cultural competency
(Source: AIDS Care)
Perceptions of barriers and facilitators to cervical cancer screening among low-income, HIV-infected women from an integrated HIV clinic
(Source: AIDS Care)
Health care students' reactions towards HIV patients: examining prejudice, emotions, attribution of blame and willingness to interact with HIV/AIDS patients
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Motivational barriers to retention of at-risk young adults in HIV-prevention interventions: perceived pressure and efficacy
(Source: AIDS Care)
Lost-to-care and engaged-in-care HIV patients in Leningrad Oblast, Russian Federation: barriers and facilitators to medical visit retention
(Source: AIDS Care)
Sex differentials in the uptake of antiretroviral treatment in Zambia
(Source: AIDS Care)
Covariates of condom use in South Africa: findings from a national population-based survey in 2008
(Source: AIDS Care)
An examination of the HIV serostatus disclosure process among Haitian immigrants in New York City
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Dynamic social support networks of younger black men who have sex with men with new HIV infection
(Source: AIDS Care)
My intention was a child but I was very afraid: fertility intentions and HIV risk perceptions among HIV-serodiscordant couples experiencing pregnancy in Kenya
(Source: AIDS Care)
Alcohol use and its association with HIV risk behaviors among a cohort of patients attending HIV clinical care in Tanzania, Kenya, and Namibia
(Source: AIDS Care)
Attitudes toward, and interest in, the test-and-treat strategy for HIV prevention among Thai men who have sex with men
(Source: AIDS Care)
Associations of unprotected anal intercourse with Grindr-met partners among Grindr-using young men who have sex with men in Los Angeles
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Community-based electronic data collections for HIV prevention research with black/African-American men in the rural, Southern USA
(Source: AIDS Care)
Development of an electronic medical record-based algorithm to identify patients with unknown HIV status
(Source: AIDS Care)
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Doctors devastated after HIV virus reappears in toddler believed to have been cured
As recently as March, doctors had said that the 4-year-old Mississippi girl seemed free of HIV despite not having been on AIDS drugs for about two years, which was a medical first. (Source: the Mail online | Health)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Key high-risk HIV groups threaten AIDS progress, warns the WHO
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Prevalence and Correlates of Cryptococcal Antigen Positivity Among AIDS Patients ? United States, 1986?2012
(Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Migrant children used as human pawns to spread infectious disease across America, warn netizens
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Malawi: Discrimination Makes Women Vulnerable to HIV
[Malawi News Agency]Lack of economic opportunities, low educational levels, social and political discrimination influences the vulnerability of women to HIV. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Phylogenetic Analysis of HIV Type 1 CRF02_AG in Multiple Genes in Italian and African Patients Living in Italy
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
HIV 'cure' girl still has virus
Mississippi child was previously thought to have been cleared of infection by powerful doses of medication after birth Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
[Perspective] A fitness bottleneck in HIV-1 transmission
A successful infection is determined in part by how close a viral genome is to an ideal sequence. [Also see Research Article by Carlson et al.] Authors: Sarah B. Joseph, Ronald Swanstrom (Source: Science: Current Issue)
[Perspective] Persistence by proliferation?
Latently HIV-infected cells driven to proliferate may raise a further challenge for eradication strategies. [Also see Research Article by Maldarelli et al.] Authors: David Margolis, Frederic Bushman (Source: Science: Current Issue)
[Editorial] End of AIDS?Hype versus hope
Since 2001, HIV incidence has declined by 33% worldwide, and more than 9.7 million people with HIV have gained access to treatment.* The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS launched the Getting to Zero strategy (2011?2015) that includes zero new infections, zero deaths from HIV, and zero discrimination. Aspirational statements such as ?the end of AIDS? have also prevailed. However, do such pronouncements help or hurt? Do they motivate action, or do they risk incredulity, leading to inaction? Do such aspirations epitomize hype or hope? Authors: Wafaa M. El-Sadr, Katherine Harripersaud, Ronald Bayer (Source: Science: Current Issue)
[Special Issue News] Prevention, Papua New Guinea style
In the mountainous, remote Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea, people gather in makeshift cinema houses to watch videos that feature people from their communities who became infected by HIV. The stars of the videos come to viewings, too, speaking with the audience about their experiences, as well as about measures they can take to protect themselves and the effective antiretroviral treatment available if they do become infected. Made by students at the University of Goroka, the videos are in the local pidgin and attract people who are not often reached by mass media campaigns that attempt to educate the public about HIV/AIDS. (Source: Science: This Week)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
[Special Issue News] Malaysia: Malaysia tries to follow Australia's path
Adeeba Kamarulzaman, a leading HIV/AIDS researcher who is the dean of the faculty of medicine at the University of Malaya, studied in Australia from the time she was in high school, and, when she returned home to Malaysia, successfully lobbied the government to import harm reduction strategies that had worked there. Although many Malaysians are afraid to confront their government, Kamarulzaman has repeatedly pushed for evidence-based reforms, regardless of the political sensitivities. As transmission has shifted primarily from drug users sharing equipment to sexual transmission, she is now advocating for prevention and treatment efforts that target some of the most highly stigmatized groups in the country, including men who have sex with men, transgenders, and sex workers. (Source: Scienc...
Perceptions of health care services and HIV-related health-seeking behavior among Uganda adolescents
(Source: AIDS Care)
Urban adolescent sexual and reproductive health in low-income and middle-income countries
One of the most important aspects of adolescent health is sexual and reproductive health (SRH). Currently, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) threaten the health of adolescents more than any other age group, and as many as 2.2 million adolescents are living with HIV. Understanding adolescents&rsquo; SRH needs and how to invest in improving their health can be best addressed by knowing more about the contexts that increase their vulnerability to poor sexual health outcomes. Recent evidence has highlighted an increasingly marginalised segment of the adolescent population&mdash;and that is the urban poor adolescent population in low and middle income countries (LMIC). Using an urban health framework, this paper examines the contextual factors within an urban community that influence the S...
Girl who was declared 'functionally cured' of HIV now has active virus
A girl who was seemingly cured of HIV following aggressive drug therapy just hours after her birth was recently discovered to be infected with the virus that causes AIDS after all, doctors announced Thursday. (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Child Hoped to Be Cured of HIV Shows Signs of Virus
A Mississippi child born with the AIDS virus who scientists thought might have been cured following drug treatment has shown signs of infection again. (Source: WSJ.com: Health)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
HIV detected in ?cured? Mississippi Baby, Creating Huge AIDS Therapy Setback
The infant was placed back on medication but the clinical trial to replicate virus suppression is still expected to proceed -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com (Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed)
'Mississippi Baby' Thought 'Cured' of HIV Relapses'Mississippi Baby' Thought 'Cured' of HIV Relapses
An infant who was seemingly cured of HIV now has detectable levels of the virus after 2 years without any evidence of the virus. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
OPINION: Unleashing African Young People?s Potential
Girls attend school in South Africa. Healthy, educated young people can help break the cycle of poverty. Credit: UNFPABy Adebayo FayoyinJOHANNESBURG, Jul 10 2014 (IPS) An African proverb says ?a child that we refuse to build today will end up selling the house that we may build tomorrow.? The moral of this is clear. Unless we invest in our children and young people today, they might become a threat or a burden in the future.As the international community commemorates World Population Day on July 11, Africa?s growing youth population should be recognised as a ?powerful force for change? that requires greater investment today. Judging by the current challenges confronting young people, the extent to which African countries are investing in the youth is unclear. More young people Ac...
Phylogenetic Analysis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 Isolated from Cuban Individuals
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Helping Seniors with Low Vision Maintain Independence
Each day, approximately 10,000 Americans turn 65, and one in six adults this age and older has a vision impairment that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses.[1] As part of its support for Senior Independence Month this July, the American Academy of Ophthalmology is providing older adults with low vision guidance on how to make the most of their remaining sight and keep their independence. (Source: Disabled World)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Caring for Persons with Early Childhood Trauma, PTSD, and HIV: a Curriculum for Clinicians.
Authors: Tavakkoli M, Cohen MA, Alfonso CA, Batista SM, Tiamson-Kassab ML, Meyer P Abstract Access and adherence to medical care enable persons with HIV to live longer and healthier lives. Adherence to care improves quality of life, prevents progression to AIDS, and also has significant public health implications. Early childhood trauma-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one factor that has been identified as an obstacle to adherence to both risk reduction and HIV care. The authors developed a 4-h curriculum to provide clinicians with more confidence in their ability to elicit a trauma history, diagnose PTSD, and address trauma and its sequelae in persons with HIV to improve adherence to medical care, antiretroviral medications, and risk reduction. The curriculum was d...
Prevalence and Correlates of Cryptococcal Antigen Positivity Among AIDS Patients - United States, 1986-2012.
This report describes the results of that analysis, which indicated the overall prevalence of CrAg positivity in this population to be 2.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.2%-3.7%). PMID: 25006824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
HIV Resurfaces in "Mississippi Baby" Many Presumed Cured
The AIDS virus persists even when undetected by ultrasensitive tests for more than 2 years (Source: ScienceNOW)
Fast Voltammetry of Metals at Carbon-Fiber Microelectrodes: Copper Adsorption onto Activated Carbon aids Rapid Electrochemical Analysis
Analyst, 2014, Accepted ManuscriptDOI: 10.1039/C4AN00937A, PaperPavithra Pathirathna, Srimal Samaranayake, Christopher W. Atcherley, Kate L Parent, Michael L. Heien, Shawn P McElmurry, Parastoo HashemiRapid, in situ trace metal analysis is essential for understanding many biological and environmental processes. For example, trace metals are thought to act as chemical messengers in the brain. In...The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry (Source: RSC - Analyst latest articles)
Tanzania: People Living With HIV/Aids Urged to Form Economic Groups
[Daily News]CONTRACTING HIV/AIDS is never condemnation to begging and living a worthless life, as some HIV-positive individuals have proved to be highly productive people, leading lives as any other person, Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS) Chairperson, Dr Fatma Mrisho, said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Tanzania: Aids Law Now Appears Redundant
[Daily News]IN 2005, a national report on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS showed that by the end of 2004 it was estimated that 1.3 million Tanzanians had fallen victim to the virus, with the infection rate standing at seven per cent among the sexually active age groups. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Urgently Set Up HIV Fund
[The Star]Civil society groups want the government to set aside money so that there are no stock outs of ARV's and testing kits in public hospitals. They say more donors continue to pull out of funding, thus posing a serious challenge in the fight against HIV. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Special Issue: The fight against HIV/AIDS
Experts weigh in on the state of the global epidemic (Source: ScienceNOW)
Despite setback, 'Mississippi Baby' represents significant breakthrough in effort to end AIDS
(Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation) In response to today's announcement that the 'Mississippi Baby,' believed to have been functionally cured of HIV, has now been found to have detectable levels of the virus, the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation expresses disappointment in this setback but remains hopeful that the scientific breakthrough that allowed the child's HIV levels to remain undetectable for more than two years will continue to help researchers understand how to control HIV and ultimately develop a cure. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Gender Role Behaviors of High Affiliation and Low Self-Silencing Predict Better Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Women with HIV
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Molecular Epidemiology and Clinical Features of Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Infection in Spain
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
When do vertical programmes strengthen health systems? A comparative assessment of disease-specific interventions in India
Conclusions Disease-specific programmes in India are widely regarded as having made a substantial contribution in disease control. They can have both positive and negative effects on health systems. Certain conditions are necessary for them to have a positive influence on health systems&mdash;the programme needs to have an explicit policy to strengthen local health systems, and should also be embedded within the health system administration. (Source: Health Policy and Planning)
[Special Issue News] Australia: First, do harm reduction
Shortly after the AIDS epidemic surfaced in Australia, an aggressive effort began to prevent the spread of HIV in people who inject drugs. The harm reduction movement that evolved provided clean needles and syringes to users, as well as opiate substitutes like methadone that are not injected. A medically supervised injecting center also opened in Sydney?the first of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere?where people receive clean needles and syringes and legally use their drugs. HIV never got a serious foothold in this extremely vulnerable population, and Australia's harm reduction strategies eventually spread to nearby Indonesia and Malaysia, which initially had epidemics driven mainly by injecting drug use. (Source: Science: This Week)
Novel Agent Volasertib Doubles Responses in AMLNovel Agent Volasertib Doubles Responses in AML
Older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are not good candidates for intensive induction therapy, but an experimental agent might bolster the effectiveness of a standard treatment. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
HIV/TB Access Intern
Reports to: HIV/AIDS Policy Advisor for the Access CampaignType of position: Intern, paidTime Commitment: 20 hrs/weekDuration: 3 monthsLocation: New York City Language English (Source: MSF News)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Namibia: Eenhana VTC Trainees Promise to Deliver
[New Era]Trainees of the Eenhana Vocational Training Centre (EVTC) are not only promising to successfully complete their training but to deliver in their trade when they go into practicing their trades. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Namibia: Eenhana VTC Trainee Values HIV, Aids Awareness Session
[New Era]Trainees at the Eenhana Vocational Training Centre (EVTC) here seem to appreciate the HIV and AIDS awareness presentation that the Namibia Planned Parenthood Association (NAPPA) held at the Centre. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Zambia: Angolans Seek HIV, TB Treatment in Chavuma
[Times of Zambia]AN INFLUX of Angolans has been recorded in Chavuma in North-Western Province seeking HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis treatment among others, Chavuma District Commissioner Lawrence Kayumba has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Why Reproductive Health Care Bill Would Help Manage Population
[The Star]The Reproductive Health Care Bill has elicited mixed reactions. While some have supported it saying it would help reduce the rate of HIV infections and deal with the rising cases of teenage pregnancies, others have castigated it on grounds that it would erode children's moral behavior. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Uganda: Uganda Making Strong Strides in HIV Response - Rugunda
[Observer]The increment of HIV prevalence rate from 6.4 per cent in 2004/5 to 7.3 per cent in 2011 must have woken Uganda out of her slumber. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Nigeria: Fayemi Writes Ekiti Assembly Over More Lgas
[Independent]Governor Kayode Fayemi of Ekiti State has written to Ekiti State House of Assembly over plans by his administration to create 18 additional council areas, to be called local council development areas (LCDAs). (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Expectation of Volunteers Towards the Vaccine Efficacy of the Prime-Boost HIV Vaccine Phase III Trial During Unblinding
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Living with a symptomatic rotator cuff tear 'bad days, bad nights': a qualitative study
Conclusions: Clinicians need to appreciate and understand the intensity and shocking nature of pain that may be experienced by participants with known rotator cuff tears and understand the detrimental impact tears can have upon all areas of patient's lives. Clinicians also need to be aware of the potential emotional impact caused by cuff tears and to ensure that patients needing help for conditions such as depression are speedily identified and provided with support, explanation and appropriate treatment (Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders)
Type I interferon responses in rhesus macaques prevent SIV infection and slow disease progression
Nature advance online publication 09 July 2014. doi:10.1038/nature13554 Authors: Netanya G. Sandler, Steven E. Bosinger, Jacob D. Estes, Richard T. R. Zhu, Gregory K. Tharp, Eli Boritz, Doron Levin, Sathi Wijeyesinghe, Krystelle Nganou Makamdop, Gregory Q. del Prete, Brenna J. Hill, J. Katherina Timmer, Emma Reiss, Ganit Yarden, Samuel Darko, Eduardo Contijoch, John Paul Todd, Guido Silvestri, Martha Nason, Robert B. Norgren, Brandon F. Keele, Srinivas Rao, Jerome A. Langer, Jeffrey D. Lifson, Gideon Schreiber & Daniel C. Douek Inflammation in HIV infection is predictive of non-AIDS morbidity and death, higher set point plasma virus load and virus acquisition; thus, therapeutic agents are in development to reduce its causes and consequences. However, inflammation may simultaneously co...
Two-port laparoscopic management of a giant pseudocyst complicating ventriculoperitoneal shunt
Sandesh V Parelkar, Beejal V Sanghvi, Devdas S Samala, Bhupesh A Paradkar, Shalil H Patil, Sanjay N OakJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2014 19(3):181-183Insertion of a ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt is the most common operative procedure for the treatment of hydrocephalus in children. Of the several causes of shunt malfunction, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pseudocyst is relatively uncommon. There are several modalities to treat a CSF pseudocyst. Laparotomy is required, at times, more than once. We managed a patient of CSF pseudocyst with two-port laparoscopy, by deroofing the psuedocyst and repositioning of the shunt. This minimally invasive technique avoids morbidity associated with laparotomy and aids in early recovery. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatr...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
The AIDS Pandemic in Historic Perspective
Potent antiretroviral drugs (ART) have changed the nature of AIDS, a once deadly disease, into a manageable illness and offer the promise of reducing the spread of HIV. But the pandemic continues to expand and cause significant morbidity and devastation to families and nations as ART cannot be distributed worldwide to all who need the drugs to treat their infections, prevent HIV transmission, or serve as prophylaxis. Furthermore, conventional behavioral prevention efforts based on theories that individuals can be taught to modify risky behaviors if they have the knowledge to do so have been ineffective. Noting behavioral strategies targeting individuals fail to address broader social and political structures that create environments vulnerable to HIV spread, social scientists and public he...
Burden of Nonnucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor Resistance in HIV-1-Infected Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
The Effects of Chronic Binge Alcohol on the Genital Microenvironment of Simian Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Female Rhesus Macaques
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Zambia: 'Let's Fight Early Marriages'
[Times of Zambia]AN INTERNATIONAL non-governmental organisation (NGO) working to lessen the devastating psychosocial impact of poverty, conflict, HIV/AIDS among children and youths has called for concerted efforts in addressing the challenges fueling early marriages and child sexual abuse in Zambia. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Liberia: Liberians Lead Immigrant With Highest HIV Diagnoses in Minnesota
[FrontPageAfrica]Minnesota -Some 301 people were newly infected with HIV in Minnesota in 2013, a 4 percent drop compared to 314 a year earlier, but a worrying trend persists among the Liberian immigrant community, according to a recent report released by Minnesota Department of Health (MDH). (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Birth in bigger hospitals aids survival for pre-term babies
Premature babies born in bigger hospitals are more likely to survive than those born in smaller ones, a new UK study suggests. (Source: Nursing Times Breaking News)
Kenya: Go for ARVs, Infected Couples Told
[The Star]COUPLES living with HIV should go for Anti Retro Viral drugs, a clergyman has said. Tukiko Jakech, a pastor at Ogeng'o Seventh Day Adventist Church, said HIV-Aids is a reality that needs proper medical attention. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: The Week - Health & Fitness
[The Star]HIV rises among couples and cohabiting partners (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Why HIV Does Not Kill Anymore
[The Star]When it comes to HIV, it is not the virus that kills you, it is everything else. Your body's immunity is weakened and a simple curable disease is what often gets you. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Decisional Capacity Among Youth with HIV: Results from the MacArthur Competence Tool for Treatment
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
The prevalence of transmitted HIV drug resistance among MSM in Anhui province, China
Conclusions: In Anhui, CRF01_AE strains contributed to most of the HIV infections among MSM, and the prevalence of TDR was relatively low in this population. Further studies should be performed to evaluate the trend of TDR among MSM in Anhui and to inform first-line antiretroviral treatment. (Source: AIDS Research and Therapy)
Counting Down: HIV Prison-Based Peer Education Programs and Their Connection to Reduced Disciplinary Infractions
This study analyzed rates of disciplinary infractions among 49 female prisoners that worked in two HIV prison-based peer programs (AIDS, Counseling, and Education [ACE] and CARE [Counseling, AIDS, Resource, and Education]) as peer educators during their incarceration. These women were unlikely to jeopardize their position by engaging in unlawful or deviant behaviors. Results showed that working in programs like ACE/CARE prevented periods of maladjustment and subsequent disciplinary infractions during incarceration. (Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology)
Comparing the effect of a decision aid plus patient navigation with usual care on colorectal cancer screening completion in vulnerable populations: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
This study will test a combined decision aid and patient navigator intervention on screening completion in diverse populations of vulnerable primary care patients. Methods: We will conduct a multisite, randomized controlled trial with patient-level randomization. Planned enrollment is 300 patients aged 50 to 75 years at average CRC risk presenting for appointments at two primary clinics in North Carolina and New Mexico. Intervention participants will view a video decision aid immediately before the clinic visit. The 14 to 16 minute video presents information about fecal occult blood tests and colonoscopy and will be viewed on a portable computer tablet in English or Spanish. Clinic-based patient navigators are bilingual and bicultural and will provide both face-to-face and telephone-based ...
Adult hearing loss services: Monitor launches review into choices available for patients
Around 500,000 patients over the age of 55 use these services every year. They may be able to choose between alternative providers of hearing tests, hearing aids and aftercare. This is because their local commissioners have taken out contracts with multiple providers, including some independent sector organisations as well as NHS bodies. These arrangements cover half of England and cost the NHS about £200 million a year. As a result of concerns about some adult hearing services, Monitor is now working with Action on Hearing Loss and other relevant charities to understand whether the interests of patients are well served. More ..... (Source: NHS Networks)
Decision Aids Help Patients but Still Are Not Widely Used
(Source: JNCI)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
From rhetoric to reality? Putting HIV and AIDS rights talk into practice in a South African rural community.
We present a case study of the Entabeni Project in South Africa - in which a foreign-funded NGO sought to work with female health volunteers in a deep rural community to increase their access to two HIV-relevant rights: women's rights (especially gender equality) and rights to health (especially access to HIV- and AIDS-related services). Whilst the project had short-term health-related successes, it was less successful in implementing a gender empowerment agenda. The concept of women's rights had no purchase with women who had little interest in directly challenging male power, foregrounding the fight against poverty as their main preoccupation. The area's traditional chief and gatekeeper insisted the project should remain 'apolitical'. Project funders prioritised 'numbers reached' over a ...
Racial/ethnic disparities in HIV medical studies examined by researchers
Social/behavioral intervention vastly increased the number of African American and Latino individuals living with HIV/AIDS who enrolled in HIV/AIDS medical studies, a study has found. Nine out of 10 participants who were found eligible for studies decided to enroll, compared to zero participants among a control group. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Zimbabwe: Lessons for Climate Sector From HIV/Aids
[The Herald]Climate change experts will meet in Kariba on July 15 for a final review of Zimbabwe's climate change strategy before possible endorsement and adoption, as the country seeks to deliver greater efficiency in climate response.Two years since the process of compiling the National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) began; the crucial document may now be eventually released at a later date this year, hoping to straighten the existing budgetary and planning discord on adaptive and mitigatory action. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Adverse Events According to CD4 Count at the Start of ARTAdverse Events According to CD4 Count at the Start of ART
Are HIV patients who start ART with a higher CD4 count at greater risk of ART-related adverse events? AIDS (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Nigeria: Nigeria Is Largest Recipient of U.S Aid On HIV and Aids Prevention - Entwistle
[Vanguard]Nigeria is the largest recipient of the U.S President's Emergency Plan for Aids Relief (PEPFAR) in the world, U.S Ambassador to Nigeria, Mr James Entwistle, has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Southern Africa: Arasa and Partners to Host Workshop On HIV-Aids Reporting
[MISA]The AIDS and Rights Alliance for Southern Africa (ARASA) is a partnership of 73 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working together to promote a rights-based response to HIV and TB in southern and eastern Africa through capacity strengthening and advocacy. It is the only regional organisation that is structured in the form of a partnership of country-based civil society organisations working together to promote human rights and health in the context of HIV, tuberculosis (TB) and sexual and reproductive (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: U.S. Boosts HIV/Aids Treatment With U.S.$458 Million Aid
[Independent]Abuja -The United States (US) has reiterated its support to Nigeria in the face of wanton killings by the Boko Haram insurgency, saying, "we want Nigeria to win the war against terrorism." (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Tanzania: Let Us Do Away With Outdated Traditions
[Daily News]Last week there was shocking news from Kajiado, a town located not very far from the Kenya's capital, Nairobi. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: Nigeria, Largest Recipient of U.S. Aid On HIV Prevention - Entwistle
[Premium Times]Mr. Entwistle made this known at a reception to celebrate the 238th anniversary of U.S. Independence in Abuja on Friday night. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
NYU researchers tackle racial/ethnic disparities in HIV medical studies
(New York University) Study finds social/behavioral intervention vastly increased the number of African American and Latino individuals living with HIV/AIDS who enrolled in HIV/AIDS medical studies. Nine out of 10 participants who were found eligible for studies decided to enroll, compared to zero participants among a control group. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Virologic outcomes of second-line antiretroviral therapy in Eastern European country of Georgia
Conclusions: The study demonstrated favourable virological outcomes of the second-line ART in Georgia. Majority of patients, including IDUs, achieved sustained virological response over 36 month period. The findings highlight the need of improving adherence. (Source: AIDS Research and Therapy)
Antiretroviral penetration into the CNS and incidence of AIDS-defining neurologic conditions
Conclusions: We estimated that initiation of a combined antiretroviral therapy regimen with a high CPE score increases the risk of HIV dementia, but not of other neuroAIDS conditions. (Source: Neurology)
The Uncertain Future of Male Masturbation
In the not too distant past, male masturbatory aids were limited, but technological advancements are dramatically changing the masturbation experience. However, we don't know if these will prove ultimately harmful to romantic relationships.read more (Source: Psychology Today Sex Center)
Malawi: Unsafe Sex Irks HIV/Aids Fighters
[Malawi News Agency]Lilongwe -The Principal Secretary in the Department of Nutrition and HIV/Aids in the Office of the President and Cabinet, Edith Mkawa has faulted the mechanisms utilized to dispatch messages of HIV/Aids in early 1990s saying it contributed to the increased transmission of the virus. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Measuring HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma Across South Africa: A Versatile and Multidimensional Scale
Reducing HIV/AIDS-related stigma is critical in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Although national campaigns and prevention programs have been implemented across South Africa to address this critical concern, assessing the impact of these initiatives is difficult as it requires that measurement of HIV/AIDS-related stigma is uniform and comparable nationwide. The appropriateness of existing stigma measures for this task is unclear as measurement of HIV/AIDS-related stigma may be qualitatively different across South Africa&rsquo;s diverse population. The current study assesses a theoretically and culturally informed multidimensional, HIV/AIDS-related stigma scale for measurement invariance across a sample drawn from two culturally distinct South African provinces: Limpopo (n = 597) and Western Ca...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Comprehensive Characterization of Commercially Available Canine Training Aids
(Source: Forensic Science International)
Representations of vulnerability and empowerment of nurses in the context of HIV/AIDS
The aim of this study was to analyze the social representations of vulnerability and empowerment of nurses, in the context of their relationships with the work environment, in which they care for people with HIV/AIDS. A qualitative and descriptive study was carried out with 30 nurses in a public hospital that is a reference for HIV/AIDS care. The theoretical framework of the procedural approach from the Social Representations Theory was adopted. The interviews were transcribed and submitted to thematic content analysis using the software Nvivo 9.0. Vulnerability was expressed as embarrassment, dissatisfaction, distress, frustration, insecurity, overload and stress. In turn, empowerment was expressed in the form of positive interpersonal relationships, moral and operational support from the...
Zambia: Zambia Focuses On Young People for a More Prosperous and Aids-Free Generation
[Key Correspondents]As people with HIV in Zambia are now living longer and healthier lives, the focus is shifting to young people and the opportunity to work towards an AIDS-free generation. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Nigeria: Lagos HIV Agency Joins Regional Fight Against Scourge
[CAJ News]Lagos -THE Lagos State AIDS Control Agency (LSACA) is partnering with other West African countries to reduce HIV/AIDS prevalence in the region. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Liberia: GOL, Partners Discuss HIV Strategic Plan
[Heritage]The Government of Liberia (GoL) through the National AIDS Commission (NAC) and the National AIDS/STIs Control Program (NACP) in collaboration with the United Nations System and civil society organizations in Liberia have commenced a three day technical review and validation retreat of the newly developed National Strategy Plan (NSP) 2015-2020 in Carreysburg City-Montserrado County. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Namibia: Condom Users Face Stigmatisation
[New Era]Windhoek -Although condom usage is believed to have increased in Namibia compared to previous years, there is still a stigma attached to people who buy condoms from shops or pubs, who are generally seen as promiscous. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Micronucleated erythrocytes in newborn rats exposed to raltegravir placental transfer.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the transplacental genotoxic effect of raltegravir in newborn rats. We evaluated the number of micronucleated erythrocytes (MNE), micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MNPCE), and polychromatic erythrocytes (PCE) in the peripheral blood samples of the offspring of Wistar rats treated 6 days before birth with oral administration of raltegravir. The animals were randomly assigned to five groups as follows: raltegravir at doses of 15, 30, or 60?mg/day, cyclophosphamide 10?mg/kg (positive control), or 0.5?ml of sterile water (negative control). In addition, the effect of these drugs on the weight and height of newborns was assessed. There were no differences in the number of MNE, MNPCE, and PCE, and a slight decrease in the weight and heigh...
Discovery and full genome characterization of a new SIV lineage infecting red-tailed guenons (Cercopithecus ascanius schmidti) in Kibale National Park, Uganda
Conclusions: Our results show that the genetic diversity of SIVs infecting red-tailed guenons is greater than previously appreciated. This diversity could be the result of cross-species transmission between different guenon species or limited gene flow due to geographic separation among guenon populations. (Source: Retrovirology)
HIV Infection and Risk, Prevention, and Testing Behaviors Among Injecting Drug Users - National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, 20 U.S. Cities, 2009.
This report summarizes two separate analyses using unweighted data from 10,200 eligible IDUs in 20 MSAs from the second collection cycle of NHBS in 2009. Both an HIV infection analysis and a behavioral analysis were conducted. Different denominators were used in each analysis because of the order and type of exclusion criteria applied. For the HIV infection analysis, of the 10,200 eligible participants, 10,090 had a valid HIV test result, of whom 906 (9%) tested positive for HIV (range: 2%-19% by MSA). When 509 participants who reported receiving a previous positive HIV test result were excluded from this analysis, 4% (397 of 9,581 participants) tested HIV-positive. For the behavioral analysis, because knowledge of HIV status might influence risk behaviors, 548 participants who reported a ...
HIV Infection and Risk, Prevention, and Testing Behaviors Among Injecting Drug Users ? National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, 20 U.S. Cities, 2009
This report summarizes data from the second collection cycle of NHBS in 2009. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
MMWR: Drowsy Driving and Risk Behaviors ? 10 States and Puerto Rico, 2011?2012
This report summarizes the results of that analysis. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
HOT TOPICS 2014: AIDS Revisited
(MedPage Today) -- Early this year, MedPage Today asked top experts in HIV/AIDS for their ideas of what would happen in 2014. How have their predictions panned out so far? (Source: MedPage Today Infectious Disease)
Nicotine replacement product to go on general sale
Move likely to drive down cost of anti-smoking aids (Source: The Irish Times - Health)
Some Docs, Nurses Fear Fallout From Hobby Lobby RulingSome Docs, Nurses Fear Fallout From Hobby Lobby Ruling
Several professional societies said the Supreme Court ruling may lead to employers stripping other services besides contraceptives from insurance coverage because of their religious beliefs. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
Malawi: Manet+ Bemoans the Scarcity of ARVs in Phalombe
[Malawi News Agency]Lilongwe -The Malawi Network of people living with HIV/AIDS (MANET+) on Wednesday bemoaned the scarcity of AntiRetroViral (ARV) drugs in some health centres of Phalombe, saying this is putting lives of many people living with the HIV virus at risk. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Malawi: New HIV Prevention Strategic Plan Aims At Zero Infections
[Malawi News Agency]Lilongwe -The re-invigorating HIV prevention symposium which took place in Lilongwe has high lightened the need to accommodate the discriminated sex workers and men having sex with fellow men in order to reduce prevalence rate in the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: HIV-Aids Tests for Nanyuki
[The Star]About 7,000 residents living with people with HIV-Aids will be tested in the next three months. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
South Africa: Inheriting HIV - a Bitter Pill to Swallow
[Health-e]Ten years after South Africa began providing free HIV treatment, a generation of children born with HIV continues to come of age with the virus. One young Mpumalanga man shares his story. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Zambia: Swedish Envoy's Support to Aids Fight in Prison Welcome
[Times of Zambia]THE call by Swedish Ambassador to Zambia Lena Nordstrom on all stakeholders to reach out to the prison population as part of the efforts to lower incidences of HIV/AIDS in Zambia should be taken seriously in the country's efforts to fight the pandemic. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Updated Recommendations for Laboratory Testing for the Diagnosis of HIV Infection
CDC and the Association of Public Health Laboratories (APHL) recently issued Updated Recommendations for Laboratory Testing for the Diagnosis of HIV Infection. This document also offers approaches for reporting test results to people ordering HIV tests and to public health authorities. The recommended algorithm is a sequence of tests used in combination to improve the accuracy of the laboratory diagnosis of HIV based on testing of serum or plasma specimens. More information is available: CDC: Quick Reference Guide - Laboratory Testing for the Diagnosis of HIV Infection: Updated Recommendations&nbsp; CDC: Suggested Reporting Language for the HIV Laboratory Diagnostic Testing Algorithm (Source: AIDSinfo At-a-Glance: Offering Information on HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention, and Research, ...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
AIDSinfo Offers an Easy Way to Find HIV/AIDS-Related Clinical Trials
The AIDSinfo and infoSIDA clinical trial search tools make it easy to find HIV/AIDS-related clinical trials. Whether you are searching for trials accepting volunteers, looking for trials in a specific area of interest, or checking for clinical trial results, the search tool makes the job easy. Use the &quot;Search by Category&quot; menu to browse more than 180 preconfigured searches on a variety of topics. Categories include opportunistic infections, side effects, HIV-related drugs, prevention research, and much more.&nbsp;Once you select your search, you can click the &quot;Refine Search&quot; button on the results page to further tailor your search by attributes such as keyword, recruitment status, study site location, gender, and age. Our Advanced Search feature allows you to customiz...
Clinical, immunological, and virological outcomes of pediatric antiretroviral therapy in central China
Conclusions: Despite the limited small sample size, ART is an effective strategy for inhibiting HIV replication and reconstructing the immunological response in children with AIDS. (Source: BioMed Central)
Quality of life in individuals living with HIV/AIDS attending a public sector antiretroviral service in Cape Town, South Africa
We examined and compared the HRQoL in relation to ART status among HIV-infected patients in a public sector service in Cape Town, South Africa. In addition, we aimed to examine the relationship between ART status and HRQoL according to CD4 count strata. Methods: A cross sectional study sample of 903 HIV-infected patients who were categorized as not receiving ART (ART-naive) or receiving first-line ART for > 6 months (ART). HRQoL outcomes were compared in the two groups. HRQoL was assessed using the EQ-5D (five domains) and Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5D VAS). Results: Of the total sample, 435 were categorised as ART naive (76% women) and 468 were on ART (78% women). There were no significant associations between groups for most of the EQ-5D domains, however ART-naive experienced a significan...
HIV and syphilis prevalence trends among men who have sex with men in Guangxi, China: yearly cross-sectional surveys, 2008-2012
Conclusions: HIV and the syphilis prevalence expansion among MSM suggest an urgent public health prevention challenge for Guangxi provincial health officials. Risk factors for each infection differed such that all MSM, each of whom might be at risk of HIV, syphilis or both, should be targets for heavy intervention. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
VP1: Thoughts on Week 1 in Kikatiti Village
Written by volunteers Yoshi, Lisa, Kate, Even, Hellen and Hamida Last Thursday, June 19th, we had scheduled a meeting with a support group for people in Kikatiti who are living with HIV. During the day before the meeting, we started discussing how to approach the meeting. This was unlike the average teaching, one which includes the definition of HIV, its effects on the body after contraction, and how to protect oneself and the community from the disease. Their experience has clearly taught them more than anything we were supposed to tell them. We thus decided to treat it as a learning experience for ourselves about the state of HIV in Kikatiti. With regards to our conception of the problem of public health in the village and the areas of focus in our teachings, we found that the meeting wa...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
VP1 Orientation and Village Move-in
The volunteer turned back, looking toward us through the rows of overgrown sunflowers and maize, as if to simultaneously assure us that she would be okay and also beg us to not leave her alone just yet. We piled back into the SIC truck, sides painted blue and red with a scene of the Boston Red Sox 2004 World Series championship, a last reminder of American life as the volunteers embark on their six weeks of village life in rural Tanzania. As we drive off, waving a temporary goodbye to the volunteer and accompanying Tanzanian teaching partner, as well as the hordes of young children who had gathered to welcome us, we breath of sigh of both relief and confidence, knowing that all 9 volunteers (3 from Harvard, 3 from the University of Arizona, 2 from UC Berkeley, and 1 from Harvey Mudd) and t...
?Haraka, Haraka Haina Baraka? ? ?Quickly, Quickly Brings No Blessings?- VP1
When I last sat cross-legged, clutching my battered notebook and half lost in the swirling dust kicked up along the sidelines of a Tanzanian soccer field, I knew two distinct truths: If the opportunity to return with SIC were presented, I would not hesitate in accepting? that, and the work which VP1 had started during the summer of 2013 was unfinished. Looking up, I remember seeing the shapes of my fellow volunteers moving among the crowd and between the tents which SIC had erected, leading rural farmers, soccer players and village elders by the hand to receive free HIV/AIDS tests. ?This is how change is brought about? I remember thinking to myself; each volunteer flying halfway around the world from institutions of higher learning, in order to engage and teach among the underserve...
Aspirations and sex: Coming of age in the eye of the HIV storm
How do you shape your hopes, ambitions and expectations when growing up in an environment devastated by HIV/AIDS? One researcher found that young people between 16 and 25 in rural Kenya take a pragmatic approach to sexual risks because sexuality plays an important role in their quest for a better future. Anthropologists have an important role to play in prevention projects that take expectations of youngsters better into account. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Uganda: Musicians 'Reach a Hand Out' to Fight Aids
[Observer]When I first watched the video your ways on a local television station, the first thing that came to mind was how did all these artistes come together to record a song about getting the youth to change their ways to avoid the deadly scourge-HIV. The song features, Jamaican singer Nyan'da, who rocked Kampala recently, GNL Zamba, Big Trill, Irene Ntale, Maurice Hassa and Ray Signature. The vocals from each artiste were perfectly blended with each artiste being tasked to pen their verse. All the recording was (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Risk Reduction Among HIV-Seroconcordant and -Discordant Couples: The Zambia NOW2 Intervention
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
The effects of opioids on HIV reactivation in latently-infected T-lymphoblasts
Conclusions: Opioids reactivate HIV in vitro but at concentrations that are far above the plasma levels of analgesic regimes or drug concentrations found in IDUs. HIV reactivation was mediated by effects unrelated to opioid-receptor activation and was tightly linked to the cytotoxic activity of the substances at millimolar concentrations, suggesting that opioid-mediated reactivation of HIV was due to accompanying effects of cellular necrosis such as activation of reactive oxygen species and NF-kappaB. (Source: AIDS Research and Therapy)
PIQMIe: a web server for semi-quantitative proteomics data management and analysis
We present the Proteomics Identifications and Quantitations Data Management and Integration Service or PIQMIe that aids in reliable and scalable data management, analysis and visualization of semi-quantitative mass spectrometry based proteomics experiments. PIQMIe readily integrates peptide and (non-redundant) protein identifications and quantitations from multiple experiments with additional biological information on the protein entries, and makes the linked data available in the form of a light-weight relational database, which enables dedicated data analyses (e.g. in R) and user-driven queries. Using the web interface, users are presented with a concise summary of their proteomics experiments in numerical and graphical forms, as well as with a searchable protein grid and interactive vis...
Enhancement of Tumor-Specific T Cell-Mediated Immunity in Dendritic Cell-Based Vaccines by Mycobacterium tuberculosis Heat Shock Protein X.
In conclusion, the high therapeutic response rates with tumor-targeted Th1-type T cell immunity as a result of HspX-stimulated DCs in two models suggest that HspX harnesses the exquisite immunological power and specificity of DCs for the treatment of tumors. PMID: 24990079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Immunology)
Noninfectious Pulmonary Complications of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection.
Authors: Staitieh B, Guidot DM Abstract : Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the retrovirus responsible for the development of AIDS. Its profound impact on the immune system leaves the host vulnerable to a wide range of opportunistic infections not seen in individuals with a competent immune system. Pulmonary infections dominated the presentations in the early years of the epidemic, and infectious and noninfectious lung diseases remain the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in persons living with HIV despite the development of effective antiretroviral therapy. In addition to the long known immunosuppression and infection risks, it is becoming increasingly recognized that HIV promotes the risk of noninfectious pulmonary diseases through a number of different mecha...
Gluten-free diet aids cognitive as well as physical wellbeing in coeliac disease.
Authors: Abstract People with coeliac disease often experience 'brain fog' in addition to intestinal problems, but a study suggests adhering to a gluten-free diet can lead to improvements in cognition as well as intestinal healing. PMID: 24985274 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Perceptions of Speech-Language Pathologists Linked to Evidence-Based Practice Use in Skilled Nursing Facilities.
Conclusions: Part of evidence-based practice implementation may be influenced by clinician perceptions. Efforts to increase implementation of external memory aids in SNFs should address these clinician perceptions. PMID: 24989317 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Short Communication: Genital Tumor Growth Factor-?1 Levels in HIV-Infected Indian Women Are Associated with Reduced Levels of Innate Antimicrobial Products and Increased HIV Shedding
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses Jul 2014, Vol. 30, No. 7: 648-653. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
The Viral Make-Up Makes a World of Difference
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses Jul 2014, Vol. 30, No. 7: 642-643. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Short Communication: Spectrum of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in an Urban Ryan White-Funded Clinic in the Established Antiretroviral Era
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses Jul 2014, Vol. 30, No. 7: 665-669. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Short Communication: Circulating Plasma HIV-1 Viral Protein R in Dual HIV-1/Tuberculosis Infection
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses Jul 2014, Vol. 30, No. 7: 644-647. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Risk Factors for Fatty Liver in AIDS Cohort StudyRisk Factors for Fatty Liver in AIDS Cohort Study
Are HIV positive men at a greater risk for developing fatty liver disease than men who are negative? This new study explains. The American Journal of Gastroenterology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
HIV Stigma Among Substance Abusing People Living with HIV/AIDS: Implications for HIV Treatment
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Pain Treatment and Antiretroviral Medication Adherence Among Vulnerable HIV-Positive Patients
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Cost-Effectiveness of Antiretroviral Therapy Expansion Strategies in Vietnam
AIDS Patient Care and STDs Jul 2014, Vol. 28, No. 7: 365-371. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
HIV/AIDS and STD Updates
AIDS Patient Care and STDs Jul 2014, Vol. 28, No. 7: 394-395. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Malawi: Mulanje Drills Sports Youths in HIV Prevention and Sports Club Management
[Malawi News Agency]Mulanje -Training sports men in HIV prevention and sports club management is one of the ways of improving sporting activities among youths, Mulanje District sports office has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
HIV Patients Less Likely to Get Cancer Treatment: Study
Challenges in managing side effects may prompt some doctors to treat tumors less aggressively, researchers suggest (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology)
Zimbabwe: 'Women Fear Pregnancy More Than HIV Infection'
[The Herald]HIV and Aids researchers are looking into possibilities of developing prevention products that can also be used to prevent pregnancies, a local researcher has revealed. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Teenagers With HIV Rebel Against Drug Regimen
[Key Correspondents]The defaulter's club in Kenya is not like any other club - it is a growing movement of teenagers born with HIV who deliberately take 'holidays' from their life-saving medication. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Inteleukin-23 Promotes Interferon-? Responsiveness in Hepatitis C Virus/HIV-Coinfected Patients
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
HIV Patients Less Likely to Get Cancer Treatment
Challenges in managing side effects may prompt some doctors to treat tumors less aggressively, researchers suggest Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Cancer, HIV/AIDS (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Kenya: Garissa Women Urged to Step Up Fight Against HIV
[The Star]Garissa Governor Nathif Jama's wife, Amina Abdullahi, has urged women in the county to step up the fight against HIV-Aids. HIV contributes to 20 per cent of maternal health, Abdullahi said during the county first lady consultative forum on HIV and Aids on Sunday. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Babies CURED of HIV after being given revolutionary vaccine
The Melbourne AIDS conference, to be held in late July, will look into the success story of the four Canadian newborns who received a high doses of three different antiretroviral drugs as treatment for the virus. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Kenya: Women Leaders in African Churches Reflect On HIV and Aids
[ACNS]Early struggles in developing a response to the HIV and AIDS pandemic were remembered by African women church leaders who gathered in Nairobi, Kenya to celebrate more than 30 years of their Christian ministry in the churches of their region. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: No Cure for HIV Infection Yet - Don
[Leadership]There is neither a cure for an established HIV infection nor a vaccine to prevent people from acquiring the infection, a professor of Medicine, Salami Alakija Kazeem has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Children born into families affected by HIV
No abstract available (Source: AIDS)
From patient to person: the need for an ?HIV trajectories? perspective in the delivery of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission services
Accelerated efforts to end vertical HIV transmission have resulted in a 52% decrease in new infections among children since 2001. However, current approaches to prevent mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) assume a linearity and universality. These insufficiently guide clinicians and programmes toward interventions that comprehensively address the varying and changing needs of clients. This results in high levels of loss-to-follow-up at each step of the PMTCT cascade. Current PMTCT approaches must be adapted to respond to the different and complex realities of women, children and families affected by HIV.Drawing on the concept of an ?HIV trajectories,? we screened peer-reviewed literature for promising PMTCT approaches and selected 13 articles for qualitative review when the described ...
German cohort of HCV mono-infected and HCV/HIV co-infected patients reveals relative under-treatment of co-infected patients
Conclusion: Overall, treatment was only initiated in half of the patients of the entire cohort and in an even smaller proportion of HCV/HIV co-infected patients despite comparable outcome (SVR) and similar baseline characteristics. In the light of newer treatment options, greater efforts to remove the barriers to treatment that still exist for a great proportion of patients especially with HIV/HCV co-infection have to be undertaken. (Source: AIDS Research and Therapy)
Review: Hippocampal sclerosis in epilepsy: a neuropathology review
Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is a common pathology encountered in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) as well as other epilepsy syndromes and in both surgical and post?mortem practice. The 2013 International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classification segregates HS into typical (type 1) and atypical (type 2 and 3) groups, based on the histological patterns of subfield neuronal loss and gliosis. In addition, granule cell reorganization and alterations of interneuronal populations, neuropeptide fibre networks and mossy fibre sprouting are distinctive features of HS associated with epilepsies; they can be useful diagnostic aids to discriminate from other causes of HS, as well as highlighting potential mechanisms of hippocampal epileptogenesis. The cause of HS remains elusive and may be mul...
The politics of agenda setting at the global level: key informant interviews regarding the International Labour Organization Decent Work Agenda
Conclusions: Our evidence aids our understanding of how an issue like decent work enters and stays on the policy agendas of global institutions, using the Decent Work Agenda as an illustrative example. Catalytic events and policy precedents were found to contribute positively to agenda setting. Questions remain, however, across key informants about the robustness of the underlying evidence base for this Agenda and what meaningful impacts have been realized on the ground as a result. (Source: Globalization and Health)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Task shifting from doctors to non-doctors for initiation and maintenance of antiretroviral therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Our review found moderate quality evidence that shifting responsibility from doctors to adequately trained and supported nurses or community health workers for managing HIV patients probably does not decrease the quality of care and, in the case of nurse initiated care, may decrease the numbers of patients lost to follow-up. PMID: 24980859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews)
Symptoms, coping, and quality of life in pediatric brain tumor survivors: a qualitative study.
Conclusions: Survivors experienced multiple symptoms that had an effect on their life, but overall, they described good QOL.Interpretation: Caregivers need to understand the complexity of their patient's symptom experience and its impact on his or her daily life. Coping strategies can be identified to help mitigate potentially negative QOL outcomes. PMID: 24969249 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Addressing sexual health behaviour during emerging adulthood: a critical review of the literature
ConclusionsGrowing evidence demonstrates sexual health interventions may be more effective if augmented to attend to contextual and affective influences on relationship risks and decision?making. Modifying currently accepted strategies may enhance sustainability of sexual health?promoting behaviours. Relevance to clinical practiceThis study provides nurses and public health educators with recommendations for broadening the content of sexual health promotion intervention programming. (Source: Journal of Clinical Nursing)
Shoulder Instability in Older Patients.
Authors: Paxton ES, Dodson CC, Lazarus MD Abstract Glenohumeral instability has a bimodal age distribution, with most affected patients younger than 40 years, but with a second peak in older patients. Glenohumeral dislocations in older patients often present with complex injury patterns, including rotator cuff tears, fractures, and neurovascular injuries. Glenohumeral instability in patients older than 40 years requires a different approach to treatment. An algorithmic approach aids the surgeon in the stepwise decision-making process necessary to treat this injury pattern. PMID: 24975764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Orthopedic Clinics of North America)
Association Between Efavirenz as Initial Therapy for HIV-1 Infection and Increased Risk for Suicidal Ideation or Attempted or Completed Suicide: An Analysis of Trial Data.
CONCLUSION: Initial treatment with an efavirenz-containing antiretroviral regimen was associated with a 2-fold increased hazard of suicidality compared with a regimen without efavirenz. PRIMARY FUNDING SOURCE: National Institutes of Health. PMID: 24979445 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Internal Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Aging with hiv infection: a journey to the center of inflammaids, immunosenescence and neurohiv.
AGING WITH HIV INFECTION: A JOURNEY TO THE CENTER OF INFLAMMAIDS, IMMUNOSENESCENCE AND NEUROHIV. Immunol Lett. 2014 Jul 1; Authors: Nasi M, Pinti M, De Biasi S, Gibellini L, Ferraro D, Mussini C, Cossarizza A Abstract In the last years, a significant improvement in life expectancy of HIV+ patients has been observed in Western countries. The parallel increase in the mean age of these patients causes a parallel increase in the frequency of non-AIDS related complications (i.e., neurocognitive, cardiovascular, liver and kidney diseases, metabolic syndrome, osteoporosis, and non-HIV associated cancers, among others), even when antiviral treatment is successful. Immune activation and persistent inflammation characterizes both HIV infection and physiological aging, and both c...
Management of Right Heart Failure in the Critically Ill
Right ventricular failure complicates several commonly encountered conditions in the intensive care unit. Right ventricular dilation and paradoxic movement of the interventricular septum on echocardiography establishes the diagnosis. Right heart catheterization is useful in establishing the specific cause and aids clinicians in management. Principles of treatment focus on reversal of the underlying cause, optimization of right ventricular preload and contractility, and reduction of right ventricular afterload. Mechanical support with right ventricular assist device or veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can be used in select patients who fail to improve with optimal medical therapy. (Source: Critical Care Clinics)
Luc's abscess as an unlucky complication of mastoiditis.
We present the case of a patient with a Luc's abscess with mastoid involvement and discuss its successful management. We believe that patients presenting with a subperiosteal collection beneath the temporal muscle and mastoiditis may represent a different group of patients to those described originally by Luc. These individuals can be differentiated using computed tomography (CT) of the temporal bones. We advocate CT in patients with Luc's abscess and AOM; this aids preoperative surgical planning. PMID: 24992410 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England)
Common HIV Drug May Boost Suicide Risk
Patients taking efavirenz should be assessed for depression, researchers saySource: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Depression, HIV/AIDS Medicines, Suicide (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
HIV Prevention Drug Truvada Might Lower Genital Herpes Risk, Too
But effect isn't strong enough to make it a stand-alone preventive treatment for herpes, expert saysSource: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Genital Herpes, HIV/AIDS Medicines (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Shoulder Instability in Older Patients
Glenohumeral instability has a bimodal age distribution, with most affected patients younger than 40 years, but with a second peak in older patients. Glenohumeral dislocations in older patients often present with complex injury patterns, including rotator cuff tears, fractures, and neurovascular injuries. Glenohumeral instability in patients older than 40 years requires a different approach to treatment. An algorithmic approach aids the surgeon in the stepwise decision-making process necessary to treat this injury pattern. (Source: Orthopedic Clinics of North America)
Egypt: Armed Forces Postpone Virus C, Aids Treatment for 6 Months
[Egypt Online]Head of the medical department in the Armed Forces Major General Gamal el-Sirafi said that the treatment for virus C and AIDS diseases by newly-invented devices of the Armed Forces will be postponed for six months. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: '300 Babies Born HIV-Free By Infected Mothers'
[Daily Trust]Ilorin -Over 300 HIV infected expectant mothers have so far delivered their babies free of the virus with the assistance of the HIV/AIDS management centre of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH). (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: HIV/Aids - Benue Translates Anti-Stigma Law
[Daily Trust]Makurdi -The Benue State AIDS Control Agency (BENSACA) has translated the HIV/AIDS anti-stigma law which came into existence early this year into three major languages for wider dissemination. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Booze, the Brain and Sleep
Alcohol is often used by many people to help them sleep. Because it initially helps to relax and feel sleepy, it seems to work. This is because alcohol promotes reduced tension, shortens the time to fall asleep and increases deep sleep. Unfortunately, later in the night the effects are different and sleep is disrupted and lighter, resulting in overall poor quality sleep.read more (Source: Psychology Today Addiction Center)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Nigeria: Govt, Labour Partner to Tackle HIV, Aids Pandemic
[Independent]The Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) in collaboration with the Canadian Labour Congress and International Confederation of Trade Union/Africa, as well as the Federal Government and employer representatives in Nigeria to reduce the HIV/AIDS pandemic in the workplace. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Namibia: A Decade of Living Positively With HIV
[New Era]Ongwediva -A woman from Oshikoto Region, Helena Hatutale, has lived positively with HIV for the past ten years and is still going strong. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Ojaamong's Wife Fights Busia HIV
[The Star]THE Busia county assembly Budget and Appropriation Committee has reduced personnel costs in the 2014-15 financial year. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Tanzania: Moshi Grapples With HIV As Donors Call It Quits
[Daily News]Moshi -MOSHI Rural District is not excluded from the list of areas in the country where the rate of HIV infection is rising. Currently, the HIV infection rate in the district stands at 2.1 per cent, up from 1.3 per cent recorded in 2012 from voluntary testing. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Centers Provide Model for HIV Testing in Community SettingCenters Provide Model for HIV Testing in Community Setting
Centers in New York and New Orleans provide model approaches to increasing HIV testing and linkage to care. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Nigeria: Agency Battles Aids With N69 Million
[Independent]Katsina -Katsina State Agency for the Control of AIDS (SACA) has disbursed over N69 million to 25 non-governmental organizations for the fight against AIDS. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Nigeria: 3.5 Million Nigerians Still Living With HIV - Don
[Independent]Ilorin -Kazeem, has said that the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) related death has increased in the country in recent time owing to inability of the nation to attain expected target in the treatment of the health crisis. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
HIV Prevention Drug Truvada Might Lower Genital Herpes Risk, Too
But effect isn't strong enough to make it a stand-alone preventive treatment for herpes, expert says (Source: Fertility News - Doctors Lounge)
Evaluating protocol lifecycle time intervals in HIV/AIDS clinical trials.
CONCLUSION: Delays not only increase the time and cost to complete clinical trials but they also diminish their usefulness by failing to answer research questions in time. We believe that research analyzing the time spent traversing defined intervals across the clinical trial protocol development and implementation continuum can stimulate business process analyses and re-engineering efforts that could lead to reductions in the time from clinical trial concept to results, thereby accelerating progress in clinical research. PMID: 24980279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Trials)
Protein-protein interactions and human cellular cofactors as new targets for HIV therapy.
Authors: Tintori C, Brai A, Fallacara AL, Fazi R, Schenone S, Botta M Abstract Two novel approaches for the development of new drugs against AIDS are summarized each leading to the achievement of important discoveries in anti-HIV therapy. Despite the success of HAART in reducing mortality, resistant strains continue to emerge in the clinic, underscoring the importance of developing next-generation drugs. Protein-protein interactions and human cellular cofactors represent the new targets of tomorrow in HIV research. The most relevant results obtained in the last few years by the two new strategies are described herein. PMID: 24993074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Opinion in Pharmacology)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
HIV vaccine inventor indicted for felony fraud, bringing AIDS research and drug experimentation into question
(NaturalNews) Since the discovery of lymphadenopathy-associated virus (later called human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]) in 1983 by Luc Montagnier at the Pasteur Institute in France, scientists have attempted to understand how HIV leads to full-blown AIDS. An entire industry surrounding... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Cuomo Plan Seeks to End New York?s AIDS Epidemic
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo said he would announce on Sunday a plan for more-aggressive testing and treatment, a result of months of negotiations with AIDS activists. (Source: NYT Health)
Risk prediction tools in surgical oncology
This article discusses decision aids for surgical oncology patients. Topics include: short?term risk prediction following surgery, long?term risk prediction of survival and recurrence, the combination of short? and long?term risk prediction to help guide treatment choice, and decision aid usability, transparency, and accessibility. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Journal of Surgical Oncology)
Zinc finger nuclease: a new approach for excising HIV-1 proviral DNA from infected human T cells.
Authors: Qu X, Wang P, Ding D, Wang X, Zhang G, Zhou X, Liu L, Zhu X, Zeng H, Zhu H Abstract A major reason that Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) cannot be completely cured is the human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) provirus integrated into the human genome. Though existing therapies can inhibit replication of HIV-1, they cannot eradicate it. A molecular therapy gains popularity due to its specifically targeting to HIV-1 infected cells and effectively removing the HIV-1, regardless of viral genes being active or dormant. Now, we propose a new method which can excellently delete the HIV provirus from the infected human T cell genome. First, we designed zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) that target a sequence within the long terminal repeat (LTR) U3 region that is highly cons...
Cuomo Plan Seeks to End New York?s AIDS Epidemic
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo said he would announce on Sunday a plan for more-aggressive testing and treatment, a result of months of negotiations with AIDS activists. (Source: NYT)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Fetal aortic valvuloplasty: investigating institutional bias in surgical decision making.
CONCLUSIONS: This method may improve interpretation of outcomes in multicentre studies by identifying and investigating outliers identified in funnel plots. PMID: 24975801 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
[Clinical validity of the quantitative gait variables in patients with multiple sclerosis. A comparison of the Timed 25-foot Walk Test and the GAITRite ® Electronic Walkway system].
CONCLUSIONS. GEW system has the same clinical validity in gait evaluation in multiple sclerosis patients than the T25FW. PMID: 24965925 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista de Neurologia)
EU Panel Gives Nod to Triple Combo Pill for HIV (Triumeq) EU Panel Gives Nod to Triple Combo Pill for HIV (Triumeq)
The EU?s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use has given a positive opinion for marketing of Triumeq, a once-daily combination of the antivirals dolutegravir, abacavir, and lamivudine. International Approvals (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Emory group creates Atlanta AIDS map by ZIP code
A project developed in part by Emory University?s Rollins School of Public Health has released interactive online maps that show the prevalence of HIV in 22 U.S. cities, including Atlanta. AIDSVu aggregates data by ZIP code, as well as age, race and sex, which shows the data alongside various social determinants of health, including poverty, median household income and education. It also offers HIV testing and care services locator maps. The project?s nationwide map shows higher rates of people? (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Men at High Risk for HIV May Misjudge Their VulnerabilityMen at High Risk for HIV May Misjudge Their Vulnerability
Many gay, bisexual and queer men who are good candidates for pre-exposure prophylaxis of HIV don't believe their risk of infection is high enough to warrant using it, suggests a new study. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Nucleic acid testing of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus 1, 2 in blood donors in the General University Hospital, Prague.
Authors: Du?ková D, Darební?ek L Abstract The Roche Cobas TaqScreen MPX Test v1 - multiplex reverse transcription-real time (MPX RT-Real Time) PCR, performed on Cobas s201 for HCV RNA, HBV DNA, HIV-1 RNA /group M and O/, and HIV-2 RNA was introduced as a supplement to the currently used imunoanalysis method for blood donor´s testing (Abbott CMIA - chemiluminescent microparticle imunoassay, performed on Architect i2000 for anti-HCV, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)), anti-HIV-1 /group M and O/, anti-HIV-2 and p24 HIV). The results of study could provide valuable arguments to support the discussion about the NAT implementation into the standards of blood donor´s testing in the Czech Republic. Two groups of samples were tested. In the first one, 5074 samples from consecuti...
Ed Goldman: How one executive beat a chronic illness and joined a marathon bike ride
?I didn?t know the trip was going to be 545 miles,? Scott Thiede is telling me, the implicit add-on being that he must have been crazy to undertake it. What he undertook early this month was a weeklong, 545-mile bike ride from San Francisco to Los Angeles to raise money and visibility for HIV/AIDS. As of mid-month, Bank of America?s team of 45-40 riders and five ?roadies? to help with equipment and such ? had raised nearly $233,000 for the San Francisco AIDS Foundation and Los Angeles? (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Cerebrospinal fluid metabolomics reveals altered waste clearance and accelerated aging in HIV patients with neurocognitive impairment
Conclusions:Alterations in the CSF metabolome of HIV patients on ART suggest that persistent inflammation, glial responses, glutamate neurotoxicity, and altered brain waste disposal systems contribute to mechanisms involved in HAND that may be augmented with aging. (Source: AIDS)
Africa: Maternal Deaths Due to HIV a Grim Reality
[IPS]Nairobi -An African proverb says that every woman who gives birth has one foot on her grave. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Study Reveals Kenyan Men Are Ignorant of HIV-Aids Risk
[The Star]RESULTS from the Kenya Aids Indicator Survey that was released on Wednesday show more men than women perceiving themselves to be at low risk of contracting HIV-Aids, despite the prevailing high risk. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Kenya: Concern Over Infected Babies
[The Star]FEAR of more HIV-Aids infections have increased in Embu due to failure by about half of the infected pregnant women to deliver in hospitals (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Kenya: Agency Fights HIV-Aids in Northern Kenya
[The Star]RESIDENTS of Garissa have been encouraged to participate in implementation of HIV-Aids activities. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: NACC Asks for More Funds
[The Star]THE county government should allocate more funds to the health sector to help fight HIV/Aids, the National Aids Control Council has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Sierra Leone: Aids Secretariat Sensitizes Women On Reproductive Health
[Concord]The National HIV/AIDS Secretariat has engaged women living with HIV in a two-day awareness raising programme held at the conference hall of the Council of Churches in Sierra Leone, Kingharman Road in Freetown. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Kenya Sex Worker Study Looks for Answers to the HIV Menace
[GFO]The Global Fund is supporting an investigation into behavior and attitudes towards HIV in this at-risk population (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Kenya: In Western Kenya, Modest Inroads Being Made Against Fear and Ignorance About HIV and Sex Work
[GFO]The red-light district in Kisii, on the shores of Lake Victoria in western Kenya, isn't much of a tourist destination; its narrow roads are lined with shacks and shops and maybe a gathering spot or two where the offerings are locally brewed beer and roasted goat meat, with a football match blaring from a TV mounted in the corner. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Maternal Deaths Due to HIV a Grim Reality
According to an African proverb, ?every woman who gives birth has one foot on her grave.? It is time to make this proverb a historical fact and not a present reality. Credit: Mercedes Sayagues/IPSBy Miriam GathigahNAIROBI, Jun 27 2014 (IPS) An African proverb says that every woman who gives birth has one foot on her grave. Sadly, this is still true today, especially within the context of the AIDS epidemic. In spite of the huge advances in the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Africa, experts are concerned that these have not matched other pillars needed to eliminate maternal mortality caused by HIV and AIDS. Preventing unintended pregnancies among women living HIV, as well as providing contraceptives for women who need them are some of the missing pillars. A...
Pill to Prevent AIDS?
What can you tell me about Truvada, the pill recommended to prevent AIDS? Who should take it? I thought abstinence or using condoms were the only ways to prevent AIDS. Is that no longer the case? (Source: Dr. Weil Q and A)
Deferred ART Could Improve Survival in HIV Meningitis Deferred ART Could Improve Survival in HIV Meningitis
Patients with HIV and cryptococcal meningitis have better survival when they receive deferred ART compared with earlier ART. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Namibia: Namibia Has Impressive ARV Coverage
[New Era]Windhoek -Namibia is one of the African countries enjoying remarkable coverage of life-saving antiretroviral (ARV) treatment, with about 90 percent of Namibians living with HIV and AIDS receiving ARVs from the state. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Prevalence and Risk Factors for Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus Infection in Southern Brazilian HIV-Positive Patients
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Using verbal and social autopsies to explore health-seeking behaviour among HIV-positive women in Kenya: a retrospective study
Conclusions: The findings highlight important issues that have implications for addressing challenges faced by women living with HIV, including non-adherence to treatment regimen and late diagnosis of HIV. Provision of transportation subsidies as part of the national social safety-net strategy can help in addressing financial constraints associated with transportation costs among poor women living with HIV. (Source: BMC Women's Health - Latest articles)
Genetic analysis of an allergic rhinitis cohort reveals an intercellular epistasis between FAM134B and CD39
Conclusions: The interplay between promoter SNPs of CD39 and FAM134B results in an intercellular epistasis which influences the risk of a complex inflammatory disease. (Source: BMC Medical Genetics - Latest articles)
Nail psoriasis: The journey so far
Alka Dogra, Amanjot Kaur AroraIndian Journal of Dermatology 2014 59(4):319-333Nail involvement is an extremely common feature of psoriasis and affects approximately 10-78&#x0025; of psoriasis patients with 5-10&#x0025; of patients having isolated nail psoriasis. However, it is often an overlooked feature in the management of nail psoriasis, despite the significant burden it places on the patients as a result of functional impairment of manual dexterity, pain, and psychological stress. Affected nail plates often thicken and crumble, and because they are very visible, patients tend to avoid normal day-to-day activities and social interactions. Importantly, 70-80&#x0025; of patients with psoriatic arthritis have nail psoriasis. In this overview, we review the clinical manifestations of psoria...
New CDC HIV Testing Recommendations Offer Faster DiagnosisNew CDC HIV Testing Recommendations Offer Faster Diagnosis
Adopting the new recommendations will lead to HIV diagnosis as much as 3 to 4 weeks sooner than the previous testing approach, the CDC says. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Laboratory Testing for the Diagnosis of HIV Infection: Updated Recommendations
This document updates recommendations for HIV testing by laboratories in the United States and offers approaches for reporting test results to persons ordering HIV tests and to public health authorities. In brief, testing begins with a combination immunoassay that detects HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies and HIV-1 p24 antigen. All specimens reactive on this initial assay undergo supplemental testing with an immunoassay that differentiates HIV-1 from HIV-2 antibodies. Specimens that are reactive on the initial immunoassay and nonreactive or indeterminate on the antibody differentiation assay proceed to HIV-1 nucleic acid testing for resolution. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
Quick Reference: Recommended Laboratory HIV Testing Algorithm for Serum or Plasma Specimens
This document provides a snap shot of the updated recommendations for laboratory testing for the diagnosis of HIV infection. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
MMWR: Routine HIV Screening in Two Health-Care Settings ? New York City and New Orleans, 2011?2013
Approximately 16% of the estimated 1.1 million persons living with HIV in the United States are unaware of their infection and thus unable to benefit from effective treatment. Since 2006, CDC has recommended health-care providers screen all patients aged 13?64 years for HIV, unless prevalence of undiagnosed HIV infection has been documented to be (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
CDC recommends combo HIV test for faster detection of virus
(Reuters) - The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said on Thursday it has recommended a new type of HIV testing that utilizes diagnostics that can detect infection up to three to four weeks faster, potentially preventing the spread of the virus that causes AIDS. (Source: Reuters: Health)
[Does routine outcome monitoring have a promising future? An investigation into the use of shared decision-making combined with ROM for patients with a combination of physical and psychiatric symptoms].
CONCLUSION: ROM combined with sdm can be used successfully with patients who have a combination of physical and psychiatric symptoms and the technique can be applied by the professional in charge. Very few patients dropped out of the follow-up measurements and somatic as well as depressive or psychiatric symptoms diminished significantly. These findings indicate that a Randomised Clinical Trial is warranted in order to test the effectiveness of sdm combined with ROM as a decision-making instrument. PMID: 24953511 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Many Unaware of Their HIV Status Until It's Advanced
ER study also finds high proportion without health insurance Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Emergency Medical Services, HIV/AIDS (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
The Immune Space: A Concept and Template for Rationalizing Vaccine Development
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
High-Fat Meals Do Not Impair Postprandial Endothelial Function in HIV-Infected and Uninfected Men
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Africa: For Mercy Amba Oduyoye, HIV and Aids Are Crucial to Ministry
[WCC]A Methodist theologian from Ghana and former World Council of Churches (WCC) deputy general secretary known for promoting and elevating African women's theological work on gender, ecumenism and social justice was honoured at a recent conference on African women church leaders in Limuru, Kenya. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Zimbabwe: Boss Rapes Subordinate, Infects Her With HIV
[The Herald]A 25-YEAR-OLD woman is now jobless and without a husband following a rape attack that robbed her of virginity and left her HIV positive. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Kenya: HIV-Aids Infection Rate Down, Says Macharia
[The Star]THE national HIV-Aids prevalence has dropped from 7.2 in 2007-08 to 5.6 in 2012-13, according to the Kenya Aids Indicator Survey. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
A pregnancy hormone molecule can fight cancer (Nature World News, 25 June 2014)
Canadian researchers have presented a study at ICE/ENDO 2014 describing a compound that aids human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in fighting cancer, including the incurable Kaposi&rsquo;s sarcoma. Full article (Source: Society for Endocrinology)
Zimbabwe: STIs, 'Mujuru Flies' Rock Tk Mukosi Camp
[New Zimbabwe]THE Chingwizi Transit Camp, temporary home to 3,000 families displaced by Tokwe Mukosi floods, has been hit by an outbreak of sexually transmitted infections (STI) with living conditions reportedly getting ever more desperate. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Thousands of Young People Have HIV
[The Star]More than 200 thousand children below 14 years are infected with HIV. UNESCO's Jane Kamau also says nearly 200 thousand of those aged between 15 and 24 years have the virus. She says the country needs to address HIV, especially among the youth. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Eritrea: Eritrean National Association of Citizens Living With HIV/Aids Holds 4th Conference
[Shabait]Asmara -The Eritrean National Association of citizens living with HIV/AIDS held 4th conference on the 24th and 25th of this month at Orotta Hospital hall here in the capital. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Aging with HIV and AIDS: A growing social issue
(Source: St. Michael's Hospital News and Media)
School leaders, staff, students step out in support of AIDS Walk San Francisco
The entire UCSF enterprise&mdash;including the School of Pharmacy&mdash;is gearing up for AIDS Walk San Francisco. This year&rsquo;s walk will take place on Sunday, July 20 in Golden Gate Park. Michael Nordberg, associate dean for finance and administration, is the leader of the 2014 School of Pharmacy Team. Nordberg encourages everyone in the School to join in&mdash;administrators, leaders, faculty, staff, and students. (Source: UCSF School of Pharmacy News)
Does Your State Mandate Hearing Aid Coverage? Laws vary by state?some mandate insurance coverage for hearing aids, some require it only for children, and some require no coverage at all.
Sixteen states require health benefit plans to pay for children?s hearing aids. Only three states?Arkansas, New Hampshire and Rhode Island?require coverage for children and adults. And Wisconsin requires coverage for both hearing aids and cochlear implants for children. (Source: The ASHA Leader Online)
Getting Back to Life Clients retreat from the world when hearing aids stay in the drawer. Moving them forward to adoption and social connection often takes ongoing audiologic follow-up, or rehab. But how does an audiologist do this when clients resist and clocks tick?
(Source: The ASHA Leader Online)
Incontinence?associated dermatitis: a cross?sectional prevalence study in the Australian acute care hospital setting
Abstract The purpose of this cross?sectional study was to identify the prevalence of incontinence and incontinence?associated dermatitis (IAD) in Australian acute care patients and to describe the products worn to manage incontinence, and those provided at the bedside for perineal skin care. Data on 376 inpatients were collected over 2?days at a major Australian teaching hospital. The mean age of the sample group was 62?years and 52% of the patients were male. The prevalence rate of incontinence was 24% (91/376). Urinary incontinence was significantly more prevalent in females (10%) than males (6%) (?2?=?4·458, df?=?1, P?=?0·035). IAD occurred in 10% (38/376) of the sample group, with 42% (38/91) of incontinent patients having IAD. Semi?formed and liquid stool were...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
A Process Evaluation of an HIV/STI Intervention for Rural African American Youth
We evaluated the fidelity and implementation of an HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections intervention for rural African American youth. Using a community-based evaluation approach, community partners and researchers monitored four core process-evaluation components: reach, fidelity, dose delivered, and dose received. Researchers collected evaluation data through session observations, facilitator debriefing interviews, a youth focus group, and a satisfaction survey. For reach, more than half of the participants attended the 13 sessions. Participation varied between 62% and 100%. For fidelity, not all sessions were implemented as intended; multiple modifications occurred across sessions. For dose delivered, some lessons were missing materials and content was omitted; facilitators omit...
Do Adolescent Smokers Use E-Cigarettes to Help Them Quit? The Sociodemographic Correlates and Cessation Motivations of U.S. Adolescent E-Cigarette Use.
Conclusions . E-cigarette use is more common among certain adolescent subgroups than others and does not appear to be part of a cessation regimen among conventional cigarette smokers wishing to quit. More regulatory and prevention efforts are needed, especially for certain adolescent subpopulations. PMID: 24968185 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP)
Section: bioprocessing and biological engineering gene fragment polymerization for increased yield of recombinant HIV fusion inhibitor enfuvirtide.
Authors: Gudipudi A, Bajji C, Kosana RR, Panati K, Lomada D, Arva Tatireddigari VR, Narala VR Abstract Fuzeon (Enfuvirtide, T20) is the first fusion inhibitor approved by the FDA of the USA for the treatment of HIV/AIDS in combination with other anti-retroviral drugs. Enfuvirtide is a synthetic peptide that blocks the entry of HIV into healthy host CD4 cells, which requires very high (90 mg twice daily) therapeutic doses. To increase the yield of Enfuvirtide, a gene polymerization strategy was introduced and recombinant T20 (rT20) was expressed in Escherichia coli as a five copy repeat polypeptide with a histidine-tag. The five copy rT20 was purified by Ni-affinity chromatography and cleaved to single rT20 units by cyanogen bromide. Finally, single rT20 units were purified by reve...
The Evolving Scenario of Non-AIDS-Defining Cancers: Challenges and Opportunities of Care.
CONCLUSION: Recent clinical studies have suggested that equivalent antineoplastic treatment is feasible and outcome can be similar in HIV-infected patients on HAART compared with uninfected patients for the treatment of HL and anal and lung cancers. However, patients with advanced HIV disease and/or aging-related comorbidities are likely to experience worse outcomes and have poorer tolerance of therapy compared with those with less advanced HIV disease. PMID: 24969164 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Oncologist)
HIV Did Not Stop Me From Having a Biological Child
On Monday, April 15, 2013, at 8:00 a.m., my life changed forever. My wife, Kasiah, and I welcomed our first child, a healthy girl named Finley Elizabeth Banks, into this world. She was perfect. But the journey to have a healthy, HIV-free biological child began many years before Finley&#8217;s birth. MoreFederal Appeals Court Strikes Down Utah's Gay Marriage Ban NBC NewsJessica N. Turner: Moms, Put on That Swimsuit Huffington PostShould the Cops Get to Look at Your Cellphone? NBC NewsParty's Over? GOP's Insurgents Take More Punches NBC NewsUruguay eliminates Italy; Did Suarez bite again? Sports IllustratedIn 1981, when I was two years old, I was diagnosed with Bilateral Wilms? tumors, a cancer of the kidneys, which had also spread to both of my lungs. The prognosis was grim; treatment was...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Fraud charges for AIDS researcher over fake data
Federal charges filed against scientist who admitted using false data to get millions in grant money (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Kenya: 100,000 People Get Infected With HIV-Aids Yearly
[The Star]Close to 100 thousand people get infected yearly with HIV/AIDS. William Maina from the Health Ministry says even though there has been a decline in HIV/AIDS prevalence which is at 5.6%, some regions continue to record no changes in the fight against the disease, accounting for 30% of deaths in the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Africa: Civil Society Urges 'Full Expression of Demand' in Global Fund Concept Notes
[GFO]Three delegations from the Global Fund Board joined 11 international non-government organizations to encourage countries that are eligible to receive Global Fund support to develop concept notes that include the 'full expression of demand' for resources. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Policy and Attitudes Hampering Fight Against HIV and Aids Amongst Sex Workers
[IPS]Nairobi -New HIV infections remain high among sex workers in Kenya. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
East Africa: East African Community to Tackle Transport Corridors in Second HIV Strategic Plan
[GFO]A broad cross-section of stakeholders from government and civil society met in Nairobi from 9-11 June as part of a country-level consultation to inform the development of regional priorities across the East African Community for its second strategic plan (2015-2020). (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Africa: Aidspan Launches New Grant Performance Analysis Tool
[GFO]Users may now compare individual performance by country, region, disease or recipient -- over time or at a moment in time (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Uganda: Flat Funding, Harsh Laws Could Hurt Uganda's Battle Against HIV
[IRIN]Kampala -Inadequate funding coupled with harsh laws targeting same sex unions could erode the gains so far made in the fight against HIV in Uganda, activists warn. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Steep drop in projected attendance at International AIDS Conference
Australian locale could cut participation in half (Source: ScienceNOW)
Angola: HIV Mother-to-Child Transmission Prevention Service Available in Caála
[ANGOP]Caála -Mother-to-child HIV transmission prevention service is available since early this month in the health centres of the communes of Calenga, Cuima and Catata, in the municipality Caála, central Huambo province. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Vaccine researcher charged with felony crimes for research fraud; may spend 20 years in prison over faked AIDS vaccine
(NaturalNews) Scientific fraud is so common in the vaccine industry, it's practically the default business model. The truth is that most vaccines don't work, so in order to make them appear to work, researchers routinely spike blood samples of vaccinated test subjects with antibodies... (Source: NaturalNews.com)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Aging with HIV and AIDS: A growing social issue
(St. Michael's Hospital) As the first people with HIV grow old, a new study from St. Michael's Hospital questions whether the health care system and other government policies are prepared to meet their complex medical and social needs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
New technology to treat sepsis, a global killer
(Oregon State University) Engineers are developing a new technology that they believe could revolutionize the treatment and prevention of sepsis. This 'hidden killer' in the United States actually kills more people every year than AIDS, prostate cancer and breast cancer combined. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Avanti lipid tools: Connecting lipids, technology, and cell biology.
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Tools to study lipid functions. PMID: 24954118 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta)
Kaposi's sarcoma: a population?based cancer registry descriptive study of 57 consecutive cases diagnosed between 1977 and 2009
ConclusionKS, which used to be a rare illness, as it existed only in the classic form, has become more common since the appearance of HIV and, to a lesser extent, of immunosuppressive treatment. (Source: International Journal of Dermatology)
Host-directed therapy of tuberculosis based on interleukin-1 and type I interferon crosstalk
Nature advance online publication 25 June 2014. doi:10.1038/nature13489 Authors: Katrin D. Mayer-Barber, Bruno B. Andrade, Sandra D. Oland, Eduardo P. Amaral, Daniel L. Barber, Jacqueline Gonzales, Steven C. Derrick, Ruiru Shi, Nathella Pavan Kumar, Wang Wei, Xing Yuan, Guolong Zhang, Ying Cai, Subash Babu, Marta Catalfamo, Andres M. Salazar, Laura E. Via, Clifton E. Barry III & Alan Sher Tuberculosis remains second only to HIV/AIDS as the leading cause of mortality worldwide due to a single infectious agent. Despite chemotherapy, the global tuberculosis epidemic has intensified because of HIV co-infection, the lack of an effective vaccine and the emergence of multi-drug-resistant bacteria. Alternative host-directed strategies could be exploited to improve treatment efficacy and outco...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Tunisia: 'Tunisia to Host in 2015 Most Important Congress On Evolution Registered in Matters of Fight Against Aids' (sidibé)
[Tunis Afrique Presse]"For the first time, Tunisia will host in 2015 the most important congress on the evolution registered in matters of fight against AIDS", said, Friday, Michel Sidibé Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and UNAIDS Executive Director, at the end of a talk with Caretaker President Moncef Marzouki. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Africa: African Women Celebrate Their Christian Ministry in a Time of HIV and Aids
[WCC]Women from churches across Africa have gathered in Kenya to focus on the achievements, challenges and opportunities of women's ministry in African churches over the past 30 years, as well as their responses to the HIV and AIDS pandemic. These women church leaders from the region are participating in an ecumenical conference from 19 to 24 June in Limuru. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Cure for HIV is a 'major scientific priority'
Huge advancements have taken place in HIV treatment and prevention over the past 10 years, but there is still no cure or vaccine. A new review shows that because of advancements in treatment, people with the virus are living longer. Overall, new infections have decreased from 3.3 million in 2002 to 2.3 million in 2012. Global AIDS-related deaths peaked at 2.3 million in 2005, decreasing to 1.6 million by 2012. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Kenya: TB and HIV Coinfection Rates Reduce By 39 Percent
[The Star]TB and HIV/AIDS co-infection rates have reduced by 39% since 2005. Health PS Fred Segor says the drop is as a result of funds allocated to TB that has seen over 1.2 million people diagnosed with TB access the drugs for free as well as get tested for HIV/AIDS. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Kenya: Elgeyo Hosts Forum On HIV
[The Star]The wife of Elgeyo Marakwet Governor Alex Tolgos, Joyce, has launched plans to ensure zero transmission of HIV/Aids. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Menthol cigs 'encourage teens to smoke more'
Conclusion This large Canadian survey has worryingly found that despite the dangers of smoking, 16% of teenagers aged between 14 and 18 are smoking, and 89% of them intend to continue. The number of cigarettes smoked was higher in teenagers who smoked menthol cigarettes. This included those who reported at least one menthol cigarette smoked in the past 30 days, so they may not have been exclusive smokers of menthol cigarettes. These findings reflect the widespread belief that menthol cigarettes are deemed to be a more attractive option for teenagers. However, the survey is reliant on self-reporting and is likely to be an underestimate of the number of cigarettes smoked. It is unclear why 27% of the students did not participate in the survey, or why the researchers only included 4,736 of ...
Liberia: Nurse Discloses Patient's HIV Status
[NEWS]The Lutheran Church in Liberia (LCL) HIV and AIDS Program has conducted an investigation into a reported stigma and discrimination against a woman living with HIV in Bong County. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Zimbabwe: HIV+ Vapostori Shun ARVs for Holy Water
[New Zimbabwe]AN official with a civil society group involved in HIV and Aids has hit out at religious organisations that are promoting "faith healing" at the expense of anti-retroviral medication. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Many ER patients test positive for HIV while in most infectious stage
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening for emergency patients at an institution with a large number of ethnic minority, underinsured and uninsured people reveals few are HIV positive, but of those who are, nearly one-quarter are in the acute phase and more than one-quarter have infections that have already advanced to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Simulation Model for Transcervical Laryngeal Injection Providing Real-time Feedback.
CONCLUSION: This is the first study to describe a simulator for developing transcervical vocal fold injection skills. The model provides real-time tactile and auditory feedback that aids in skill acquisition. Otolaryngologists reported increased confidence with transcervical injection after using the simulator. PMID: 24963092 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology)
CT aids treatment decisions for stroke
Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator works better and is harmful to fewer (more) (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Coca-Cola, partners boost ?Project Last Mile? (SLIDESHOW)
The Coca-Cola Co., the U.S. Agency for International Development, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation will expand their ?Project Last Mile? program to include 10 African countries over the next five years. The public-private partnership -- currently focused on Tanzania and Ghana -- applies Atlanta-based Coca-Cola?s (NYSE: KO) logistic, supply chain, distribution and marketing expertise to help African governments maximize the ability? (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Hospitals headlines)
Zimbabwe: HIV Tests: Remember the Children
[The Herald]THE increase in HIV counselling and testing bodes well for Zimbabwe's commendable fight against HIV and Aids, but what about the children? (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Nigeria: Day of African Child 2014 in Retrospect
[Independent]June 16th of every year is earmarked and dedicated to celebrate every African Child. In the midst of huge burden of preventable disease, disability and death, African child especially Nigerian needs more to desire in the area of good and affordable health delivery service. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Uganda: HIV+ Christian Couples Cheating
[Observer]If Uganda is losing ground in the campaign against HIV/Aids, it could be because priests and pastors are failing to impact on their flock. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Zimbabwe: Tertiary Institutions Top New HIV Infections
[The Herald]HIGHER and tertiary education institutions have the highest rate of new HIV infections, the National AIDS Council (NAC) has said. In an interview on the sidelines of a workshop to train HIV and Aids focal persons in tertiary institutions in Kwekwe last week, NAC youth co-ordinator Mrs Beauty Nyamwanza said most HIV infections started in tertiary institutions. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Tanzania: Foreign-Funded Aids Project Earmarked to Wind Up This Year
[Daily News]THE United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded programme under the Development Alternative Inc's project is set to wind up its operations in the country next December, after four years of efforts to improve the economic status of households affected by AIDS. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Advanced CT protocol aids treatment decisions for stroke
Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator works better and is harmful to fewer (more) (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Zimbabwe: More People Taking HIV Tests
[The Herald]The number of Zimbabweans going for voluntary HIV testing and counselling has increased two-fold from about one million to over two million between 2012 and 2013, the National Aids Council has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Sexual Risk and Viral Suppression in HIV+ US Adults on ARTSexual Risk and Viral Suppression in HIV+ US Adults on ART
Is viral suppression among HIV-infected adults in the United States associated with decreased sexual risk behaviors? AIDS (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Four foods rich in essential magnesium
(NaturalNews) Magnesium is a vital macromineral that is needed for more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. It regulates enzyme reactions, aids the production of ATP, helps the body transport ions across the cell membranes and much more. Indeed, all of the body's organs require... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Cayenne pepper makes herbs up to 75% more effective, aids weight loss, offers pain relief, improves circulation and heals ulcers
(NaturalNews) Cayenne pepper, also known as capsicum, adds flavor to your food and has some impressive health benefits. Cayenne stimulates blood flow and can help burn body fat. It also fights inflammation and stimulates digestion, which helps break down food for better nutrient absorption... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Tanzania: Shortage of TB, HIV Machines Hamper Treatment
[Daily News]UNAVAILABILITY and irregular supply of essential medicines and diagnostic facilities are impeding people suffering from tuberculosis, malaria and HIV/Aids from accessing and adhering to treatment. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
[Review] HIV and schistosomiasis co-infection in African children
HIV/AIDS and schistosomiasis both cause a substantial disease burden in sub-Saharan Africa and the two diseases often overlap in their epidemiological characteristics. Although disease-specific control interventions are continuing, potential synergies in the control efforts for these two diseases have not been investigated. With a focus on children with schistosomiasis, we assess the risk for increased HIV transmission, HIV progression, and impaired response to drugs when given alongside HIV interventions. (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
[Media Watch] Taking steps to end HIV
4 years ago, 21-year-old Joseph Kibler decided that he wanted to show people and especially teenagers that HIV/AIDS is still an issue in the USA, despite people with the disease living longer than ever before. Kibler's film-school thesis began life as a public service announcement about why people take part in the Los Angeles AIDS Walk, but ended up as a documentary film about Joseph, who was born with HIV, taking part in the 6 mile walk. (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)
[Media Watch] Universal access to HIV care including antiretrovirals
The past decade has seen a momentous and unprecedented revolution in access to HIV care including effective combination antiretroviral treatment. 10 years ago the market for this expensive treatment was almost completely confined to people living with HIV in high-income countries. Since then, a transformation has happened, which has provided access to care to more than 10 million people living with HIV worldwide, most of whom live in middle-income and low-income countries. In AIDS Drugs for All: Social Movements and Market Transformations, Kapstein and Busby ask how this change happened, what were the mechanisms, was it inevitable, does it contain any negative consequences, and will it last? (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)
[Newsdesk] Research brief
The ability of HIV to enter a latent state is a major barrier to finding a cure for HIV/AIDS. Researchers now report that compounds that induce the stochastic fluctuations (?noise?) in gene expression around the mean expression level that often drives cell-fate decisions could help to reactivate latent HIV. In a screen of bioactive small molecules, the researchers identified more than 80 compounds that modulated HIV gene-expression noise without changing mean expression. Notably, these noise-modulating compounds synergised with known transcriptional activators to reactivate HIV in latently infected human cells. (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)
[Corrections] Corrections
Mfinanga SG, Kirenga BJ, Chanda DM, et al. Early versus delayed initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive adults with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis (TB-HAART): a prospective, international, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet Infect Dis 2014; 14: 563?71?In table 5 of this Article, for the CAMELIA trial, the median follow-up should have been 25 months, and the number of deaths or cases of AIDS per 100 person-years should have been 8·3 for the early ART group and 13·8 for the late ART group. (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)
[Editorial] A new chapter in HIV
In this issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases, you will notice a large amount of HIV content in the journal. We have pooled this content from the many HIV/AIDS-related submissions that the journal received to mark the occasion of the 20th International AIDS Conference, AIDS 2014, in Melbourne this year, July 20?25. This content also heralds an exciting development in the Lancet journals' engagement with the HIV community, the launch of a new title: The Lancet HIV. (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
[Comment] HIV treatment strategies that can weather future challenges
Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy not only prevents AIDS and extends survival of people with HIV, but also significantly reduces new HIV infections. At the core of the treatment-as-prevention strategy is the goal of using safer, simpler, and better tolerated antiretroviral regimens to sustain suppression of viral replication and maintain an undetectable plasma viral load. The goal of treatment as prevention is to achieve immune reconstitution and disease-free survival; as the viral load becomes undetectable in biological fluids (eg, semen, vaginal fluids, blood) the risk of HIV transmission decreases by more than 95%. (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)
Malawi: Journalists Urged to Contribute Towards the National Response to PLHIV
[Malawi News Agency]Lilongwe -Network of Journalists Living with HIV/AIDS (JONEHA) has urged the media houses in the country to share experiences in the implementation of HIV programme as a contribution towards the national response by People Living with HIV (PLHIV). (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Diagnoses, prevalence, and state-based federal spending for HIV prevention and treatment in the United States, 2006-2009.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that state-based federal resource allocation for HIV prevention and treatment may be better aligned with HIV diagnosis and prevalence rates than previously reported; however resource allocation for HIV prevention is less aligned than funding for HIV treatment signaling the need to reexamine state-based federal funding for HIV prevention. PMID: 24944562 [PubMed] (Source: AIDS Research and Therapy)
Receptor Conformation and Constitutive Activity in CCR5 Chemokine Receptor Function and HIV Infection.
Authors: Flanagan CA Abstract The CCR5 chemokine receptor mediates the effects of proinflammatory ?-chemokines that stimulate chemotaxis, activation, and proliferation of macrophages and T cells. CCR5 is also the major coreceptor that mediates HIV infection in combination with CD4. Chemokine agonists of CCR5 stimulate the activation of cellular calcium and protein kinase signaling pathways that depend on the activation of G?i and probably also G?q in some cells. Chemokines also stimulate the recruitment of ?-arrestin, which is required for clathrin-dependent receptor internalization and acts as a scaffold protein for the chemotaxis signaling complex that mobilizes the actin cytoskeleton. CCR5 is partially constitutively active for the activation of G?i, but the physiological s...
Sexual risk behavior among people living with HIV and AIDS on antiretroviral therapy at the regional hospital of Sokode, Togo
Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of unsafe sex among PLWHA receiving ART at the hospital of Sokode. Factors associated with sexual risk behaviors were: low education level, non-adherence to ART, alcohol consumption before sex and the duration of ART. It is important to strengthen the implementation of secondary prevention strategies among this population group. (Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
A web-based intervention trial for depressive symptoms and subjective well-being in patients with chronic HIV infection
(Source: AIDS Care)
Youth, violence and non-injection drug use: nexus of vulnerabilities among lesbian and bisexual sex workers
(Source: AIDS Care)
HIV seroprevalence and high-risk sexual behavior among female sex workers in Central Brazil
(Source: AIDS Care)
Sexual safety practices of massage parlor-based sex workers and their clients
(Source: AIDS Care)
HIV testing in US emergency departments, outpatient ambulatory medical departments, and physician offices, 1992&#8211;2010
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Impacts of four communication programs on HIV testing behavior in South Africa
(Source: AIDS Care)
Attrition of MSM with HIV/AIDS along the continuum of care from screening to CD4 testing in China
(Source: AIDS Care)
HCV, HBV, and HIV seroprevalence, coinfections, and related behaviors among male injection drug users in Arak, Iran
(Source: AIDS Care)
Incidence and associated factors of pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV-infected children after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in China: a retrospective study
(Source: AIDS Care)
The impact of HIV on children's education in eastern Zimbabwe
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
HIV disclosure and its effect on treatment outcomes in perinatal HIV-infected Thai children
(Source: AIDS Care)
Patient satisfaction with HIV/AIDS care at private clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
(Source: AIDS Care)
The HIV basic care package: where is it available and who receives it? Findings from a mixed methods evaluation in Kenya and Uganda
(Source: AIDS Care)
Aspects of gay male couples' sexual agreements vary by their relationship length
(Source: AIDS Care)
Oregon patients with HIV infection who experience delayed diagnosis
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Hepatitis C treatment eligibility among HIV&#8211;hepatitis C virus coinfected patients in Oregon: a population-based sample
(Source: AIDS Care)
Improving cervical cancer screening rates in an urban HIV clinic
(Source: AIDS Care)
If you build it will they come? Addressing social isolation within a technology-based HIV intervention for young black men who have sex with men
(Source: AIDS Care)
Healthcare provider intervention on smoking and quit attempts among HIV-positive versus HIV-negative MSM smokers in Chengdu, China
(Source: AIDS Care)
Blog Post » AIDS: A Cautionary Tale
There are many obstacles to controlling illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, even when effective treatment is available; Dr. Insel talks about what is needed to ensure that effective health care is delivered to those who need it. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Joint modeling of longitudinal and survival data with missing and left?censored time?varying covariates
AbstractWe propose a joint model for longitudinal and survival data with time?varying covariates subject to detection limits and intermittent missingness at random. The model is motivated by data from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), in which HIV+ subjects have viral load and CD4 cell count measured at repeated visits along with survival data. We model the longitudinal component using a normal linear mixed model, modeling the trajectory of CD4 cell count by regressing on viral load, and other covariates. The viral load data are subject to both left censoring because of detection limits (17%) and intermittent missingness (27%). The survival component of the joint model is a Cox model with time?dependent covariates for death because of AIDS. The longitudinal and survival models ...
HIV/AIDS status disclosure increases support, behavioural change and, HIV prevention in the long term: a case for an Urban Clinic, Kampala, Uganda
Conclusions: There is overwhelming support to individuals that disclose their HIV status, especially in the long term. Besides, gender appears to influence responses to HIV disclosure, highlighting the need for gender specific disclosure support strategies. (Source: BMC Health Services Research)
In vivo evaluation of self emulsifying drug delivery system for oral delivery of nevirapine
A. S. Chudasama, V. V. Patel, M. Nivsarkar, Kamala K. Vasu, C. J. ShishooIndian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2014 76(3):218-224Nevirapine is a highly lipophilic and water insoluble non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. Lymphoid tissue constitutes the major reservoir of HIV virus and infected cells in HIV-infected patients. Self-emulsifying drug delivery system, using long chain triglycerides, is a popular carrier of drugs due to their ability to transport lipophilic drugs into the lymphatic circulation. However, HIV/AIDS patients experience a variety of functional and anatomical abnormalities in gastrointestinal tract that result in diarrhoea and nutrient malabsorption. Medium chain triglycerides are readily absorbed from the small ...
Reducing risky relationships: a multisite randomized trial of a prison-based intervention for reducing HIV sexual risk behaviors among women with a history of drug use
(Source: AIDS Care)
Role of individual's T-cell immunome in controlling HIV-1 progression.
In conclusion, in absence of bias due to viral strain diversity, it is the overall fitting of the HLA molecules capable of better binding HIV-1 proteins in determining the major role in the control of HIV-1 replication and progression to AIDS. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 24954875 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Immunology)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
MMWR: Behavioral and Clinical Characteristics of Persons Receiving Medical Care for HIV Infection ? Medical Monitoring Project, United States, 2009
The Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) is an ongoing surveillance system that assesses behaviors and clinical characteristics of HIV-infected persons aged ?18 years who have received outpatient medical care. The findings in this report indicate that most adults living with HIV who received medical care in 2009 were taking antiretroviral therapy, had CD4+ T-lymphocyte and HIV viral load testing at regular intervals, and had health insurance or other coverage. However, some patients did not receive clinical services and treatment in accordance with guidelines. Some patients engaged in behaviors, such as unprotected sex, that increase the risk for transmitting HIV to sex partners, and some used noninjection or injection drugs or both. Local and state health departments and federal agencies ca...
Addressing the Growing Cancer Burden in the Wake of the AIDS Epidemic in Botswana: The BOTSOGO Collaborative Partnership.
Authors: Efstathiou JA, Bvochora-Nsingo M, Gierga DP, Alphonse Kayembe MK, Mmalane M, Russell AH, Paly JJ, Brown C, Musimar Z, Abramson JS, Bruce KA, Karumekayi T, Clayman R, Hodgeman R, Kasese J, Makufa R, Bigger E, Suneja G, Busse PM, Randall TC, Chabner BA, Dryden-Peterson S Abstract Botswana has experienced a dramatic increase in HIV-related malignancies over the past decade. The BOTSOGO collaboration sought to establish a sustainable partnership with the Botswana oncology community to improve cancer care. This collaboration is anchored by regular tumor boards and on-site visits that have resulted in the introduction of new approaches to treatment and perceived improvements in care, providing a model for partnership between academic oncology centers and high-burden countries wi...
Uptake of PrEP Can Be High, Demo Project ShowsUptake of PrEP Can Be High, Demo Project Shows
Gay and bisexual men who were offered HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as part of a comprehensive prevention program had high levels of adherence to the regimen. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Next-generation hearing aids get some iPhone cool
The first iPhone-compatible hearing aids allow music streaming and boast location-aware fine-tuning &ndash; one day everyone will want one (Source: New Scientist - Health)
Zimbabwe: HIV+ Zim Prisoners Take Botswana to Court
[Zimbabwe Independent]GABORONE High Court judge Justice Bengbame Sechele last week reserved judgement in a case in which two HIV-infected Zimbabwean prisoners took the government of Botswana to court challenging its policy of refusing anti-retroviral treatment to foreign inmates. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Mozambique: ARV Shortages Hit Mozambique's HIV Treatment Programme
[IPS]Maputo -Chronic shortages of antiretrovirals across Mozambique are endangering the health and the lives of tens of thousands of HIV positive people on treatment. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Fight HIV, Says Obado's Wife
[The Star]Migori Governor Okoth Obado's wife Hellen has called on women to fight HIV-Aids. Hellen was speaking yesterday during the launch of a sensitisation programme on HIV-Aids prevention in Migori county. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Uganda: Uganda to Be HIV-Free By 2020 - Rugunda
[Observer]As regional campaigns for elimination of mother-to-child HIV/Aids transmission (EMTCT) peaked in West Nile last weekend, government said it would not settle for anything less than an HIV-free generation. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Nigeria: HIV/Aids - Ogun House Passes Anti-Stigmatisation Bill
[Leadership]The Ogun Assembly on Thursday passed a bill for an Act prohibiting all forms of stigmatisation and discrimination against persons living with HIV/AIDS in the state. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
[Report] HIV-1?induced AIDS in monkeys
Development of an AIDS-like animal disease model after serial passage of HIV-1 in pigtailed macaques is shown. Authors: Theodora Hatziioannou, Gregory Q. Del Prete, Brandon F. Keele, Jacob D. Estes, Matthew W. McNatt, Julia Bitzegeio, Alice Raymond, Anthony Rodriguez, Fabian Schmidt, C. Mac Trubey, Jeremy Smedley, Michael Piatak, Vineet N. KewalRamani, Jeffrey D. Lifson, Paul D. Bieniasz (Source: Science: Current Issue)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
[HIV Pathogenesis] Adapting HIV-1 to infect monkeys, too
HIV-1 replicates well in humans but not in monkeys or mice. On the up side, this reduces the risk of cross-species transmissions, but it makes the study of HIV-1 and AIDS more difficult. ? [Read More] (Source: This Week in Science)
Behavioral and Clinical Characteristics of Persons Receiving Medical Care for HIV Infection - Medical Monitoring Project, United States, 2009.
Authors: Blair JM, Fagan JL, Frazier EL, Do A, Bradley H, Valverde EE, McNaghten A, Beer L, Zhang S, Huang P, Mattson CL, Freedman MS, Johnson CH, Sanders CC, Spruit-McGoff KE, Heffelfinger JD, Skarbinski J, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC Abstract Problem: As of December 31, 2009, an estimated 864,748 persons were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and six U.S.-dependent areas. Whereas HIV surveillance programs in the United States collect information about persons with a diagnosis of HIV infection, supplemental surveillance systems collect in-depth information about the behavioral and clinical characteristics of persons receiving outpatient medical care for HIV infect...
June 27 is National HIV Testing Day
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 50,000 people get infected with HIV each year in the United States. However, 1 in 6 people living with HIV don&rsquo;t know that they are infected. National HIV Testing Day is observed each year on June 27 to highlight the importance of HIV testing. CDC recommends that everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 get tested for HIV at least once as part of their routine health care. Regardless of age, people at high risk of HIV should get tested more often. Visit the AIDSinfo National HIV Testing Day webpage [en espa&ntilde;ol] to learn more about HIV testing and to find a testing center near you. (Source: AIDSinfo At-a-Glance: Offering Information on HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention, and Research, A Service of the U.S. Dep...
Changes to the Complera (Emtricitabine/Rilpivirine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate) Labeling
&quot;On June 5, 2014, FDA approved changes to the Complera (emtricitabine/rilpivirine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) fixed-dose combination tablet labeling to include rilpivirine dose adjustment information when Complera is coadministered with rifabutin.&quot; The updated labeling for Complera is&nbsp;available at the&nbsp;FDA website. More information is available: FDA: Press release AIDSinfo: Patient fact sheet on Complera (Source: AIDSinfo At-a-Glance: Offering Information on HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention, and Research, A Service of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS))
New Pediatric Dosage Form and Label Changes for Reyataz (Atazanavir)
&quot;On June 2, 2014, FDA approved a new dosage form, Reyataz (atazanavir) oral powder for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1, in patients over 3 months of age and between 10 kg to &lt; 25 kg. The first part of this announcement summarizes the changes relevant to the oral formulation and use in pediatric patients. The second part summarizes other general changes to the label.&quot; The updated labeling for atazanavir is&nbsp;available at the&nbsp;FDA website. More information is available: FDA: Press release AIDSinfo: Patient fact sheet on atazanavir (Source: AIDSinfo At-a-Glance: Offering Information on HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention, and Research, A Service of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS))<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Community-based implementation and effectiveness in a randomized trial of a risk reduction intervention for HIV-serodiscordant couples: study protocol
This study will produce important information regarding the value of the Eban II program and a theory-guided implementation process and tools designed for use in implementing Eban II and other evidence-based programs in demographically diverse, resource-constrained treatment settings.Trial registration: NCT00644163 (Source: BioMed Central)
Health and social support services to HIV/AIDS infected individuals in Tanzania: employees and employers perceptions
Conclusions: HIV/AIDS infected employees named treatment and nutritional support, and soft loans and reduced workload respectively, as the most important health and social supports they needed from their employers. This study provides baseline information for further studies on provision of health and social support services by employers to HIV/AIDS infected employees in the context of a developing economy like Tanzania. (Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles)
Angola: Health Ministry Boosts Operational Strategies to Reducing STDs/HIV
[ANGOP]Luanda -The reinforcement of sensitizing actions aimed to reduce Sexual Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and HIV are some strategies of the Ministry of Health in order to reduce these illnesses, said on Thursday, in Luanda the deputy general director of National Institute of Fighting against Aids (Inls), Maria Lúcia Furtado. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Molecular Epidemiology of HIV Type 1 Infection in Kazakhstan: CRF02_AG Prevalence Is Increasing in the Southeastern Provinces
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
VIDEO: Meet the author: Norman Fowler
Health campaigner Norman Fowler talks to Nick Higham about his new book, Aids: Don't Die of Prejudice. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
New monkey model for AIDS offers promise for medical research
HIV-1, the virus responsible for most cases of AIDS, is a very selective virus and does not readily infect species other than its usual hosts ? humans and chimpanzees ? making the search for effective treatments and vaccines for AIDS that much more difficult. In new scientific work, researchers have coaxed a slightly modified form of the HIV-1 virus to not only infect pigtailed macaques, a species of monkey, but to cause full blown AIDS in the primates, a first. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Mechanism discovered for attaching an 'on' switch that helps cells accessorize proteins
Scientists have discovered how an important ?on? switch is attached to the machinery that cells rely on to adapt thousands of proteins to meet changing conditions. The switch is a small protein called NEDD8. Problems with NEDD8 have been associated with several cancers, developmental disorders and infectivity of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
New monkey model for AIDS offers promise for medical research
Rockefeller University researchers announce that they have coaxed a slightly modified form of the HIV-1 virus to not only infect pigtailed macaques but to cause full blown AIDS in the primates, an accomplishment that could accelerate the search for new AIDS treatments or vaccines. More &#187; (Source: The Rockefeller University Newswire)
Nicotine replacement products: poisoning in children -
Nicotine is widely used in smoking cessation aids. They are marketed in many forms, including: chewing gum, sublingual tablets, lozenges, transdermal patches, cartridges for oral inhalation, and mouth spray. French poison control and toxico-vigilance centr... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Malawi: Stakeholders Asked to Include Gender Perspectives in HIV and Aids Programs
[Malawi News Agency]Mwanza -There is need to integrate gender issues in all HIV and AIDS programs so that women who are more susceptible to contracting HIV are protected and prevented just like their male counterparts. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Zimbabwe: Stepping Up the HIV Response
[The Herald]The failure of various interventions to tackle the HIV/Aids pandemic may have left some people despairing. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
ARV Shortages Hit Mozambique?s HIV Treatment Programme
Chronic shortages of antiretroviral drugs endanger the lives of hundreds of thousands of HIV positive Mozambicans. Courtesy: Amos ZacariasBy Amos ZacariasMAPUTO, Jun 19 2014 (IPS) Chronic shortages of antiretrovirals across Mozambique are endangering the health and the lives of tens of thousands of HIV positive people on treatment. Some 454,000 people are on antiretroviral (ARV) treatment, or just under one-third of the 1.6 million Mozambicans living with HIV in 2013, according to government figures. ?Our patients complain they are not receiving the complete dosage of medicines,? says Judite de Jesus Mutote, president of Hi Xikanwe (?we are together,? in the local Shangaan language), a group that assists people on ARV treatment in Maputo. For ARVs to be effective, the pills must be...
Kenya: Tunai's Wife Steps Up Fight Against HIV-Aids
[The Star]Health practitioners and other stakeholders have been asked to step up the fight against HIV-Aids. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
South Africa: Opinion - the Silver Bullet of Indicators?
[Health-e]The Treatment Action Campaign's Marcus Low writes why HIV viral load testing may be the most important HIV indicator. Now, if we could only monitor it. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Risk of cancer among HIV-infected individuals compared to the background population: impact of smoking and HIV
Conclusion:The risk of cancer is increased in HIV patients compared to the background population. In absence of smoking, the increase in risk is confined to cancers related to viral infections, whereas the risk of other cancers is not elevated and does not seem to be associated with immune deficiency. (Source: AIDS)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
New monkey model for AIDS offers promise for medical research
(Rockefeller University) Rockefeller University researchers announce that they have coaxed a slightly modified form of the HIV-1 virus to not only infect pigtailed macaques but to cause full blown AIDS in the primates, an accomplishment that could accelerate the search for new AIDS treatments or vaccines. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Creating an advance-care-planning decision aid for high-risk surgery: a qualitative study
Conclusions: Stakeholders supported incorporating advance care planning in high-risk surgical settings and endorsed the appropriateness of using decision aids to do so. Findings will inform the next stages of developing the first advance care planning decision aid for high-risk surgery patients. (Source: BMC Palliative Care - Latest articles)
Entry and re?entry into informal care?giving over a 3?year prospective study among older people in Nairobi slums, Kenya
Abstract This paper analyses data from a 3?year prospective study to understand the factors associated with becoming a caregiver to a person with a chronic illness and examines the dynamics among caregivers over time. A total of 1485 participants were drawn from a study conducted in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya. Two waves of data collected in 2006 for the baseline and a follow?up in 2009 were used. Information on the demographic, self?reported health and socioeconomic characteristics such as education, sources of livelihood and employment status was used. Age was a significant factor in becoming a caregiver, but there were no significant differences by gender or marital status. New caregivers and those with more than one care?giving episode had a higher socioeconomic position than n...
An HIV Epidemic Model Based on Viral Load Dynamics: Value in Assessing Empirical Trends in HIV Virulence and Community Viral Load
by Joshua T. Herbeck, John E. Mittler, Geoffrey S. Gottlieb, James I. Mullins Trends in HIV virulence have been monitored since the start of the AIDS pandemic, as studying HIV virulence informs our understanding of HIV epidemiology and pathogenesis. Here, we model changes in HIV virulence as a strictly evolutionary process, using set point viral load (SPVL) as a proxy, to make inferences about empirical SPVL trends from longitudinal HIV cohorts. We develop an agent-based epidemic model based on HIV viral load dynamics. The model contains functions for viral load and transmission, SPVL and disease progression, viral load trajectories in multiple stages of infection, and the heritability of SPVL across transmissions. We find that HIV virulence evolves to an intermediate level that balances ...
A role of arachidonic acid in the regulation of nitric oxide synthase isoforms by HIV gp120 protein in astroglial cells.
Authors: Persichini T, Mastrantonio R, Matto SD, Palomba L, Cantoni O, Colasanti M Abstract HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) is a common cognitive impairment in AIDS which affects 15 to 50% of adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Excessive amount of nitric oxide (NO), as produced by inducible NO synthase (iNOS) upon exposure of activated microglia and astrocytes to cytokines and/or viral proteins (e.g., HIV tat and gp120), is assumed to contribute to neuronal abnormalities in HAND. Evidence exists supporting the notion that iNOS induction takes place after an early decline in physiological NO levels (i.e., NO released by constitutive NOS, cNOS). Here, we demonstrate that HIV-1 gp120 is able to inhibit nNOS through a cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
The Challenges of Implementing HIV Preexposure ProphylaxisThe Challenges of Implementing HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis
Dr. Paul Sax considers the challenges facing physicians charged with implementing the CDC's recent guidelines on HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. Medscape HIV/AIDS (Source: Medscape Pharmacist Headlines)
Malawi: Community Radios Form HIV and Aids Workplace Policy
[Malawi News Agency]Mzuzu -The Community Radios in the Northern Region have formed an HIV and AIDS workplace policy aiming at reducing the negative impact on its social and economic activities. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Kenya: HIV Project Launched
[The Star]The National Network of Persons Living with HIV (NEPHAK) in collaboration with the Machakos County Government has rolled out a campaign to fight transmission of HIV/AIDs from Mother to Child. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Kenya: Nyandarua Seeks to Pass HIV Fund Law
[The Star]PEOPLE living with HIV in Nyandarua county will access a revolving fund to enable them pay for their medical care if the county assembly passes a bill into law. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Tanzania: Dar HIV Transmission Drops By 2.4 Percent
[Daily News]HIV/AIDS transmission has decreased by 2.4 per cent in Dar es Salaam Region, according to the National Bureau of Statistics. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Kenya: 5,000 Targeted in Tharaka HIV Drive
[The Star]MORE than 5,000 people are targeted in a HIV-Aids testing and treatment campaign in Tharaka Nithi county. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: Military Records Declining HIV/Aids Prevalence - Obanikoro
[Independent]The Minister of State for Defence, Sen. Musliu Obanikoro, on Tuesday said the military recorded a decline in HIV and AIDS prevalence because of the efforts of the Federal Government. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Abscess resulting from Mycobacterium kansasii in the left thigh of AIDS patient
A case of abscess resulting from Mycobacterium kansasii, in the left thigh of a 53-year-old woman infected with the Human Immunodeficiency virus, is reported. Curiously, there was no pulmonary or systemic involvement as is usual with these Mycobacterium infections. The patient had CD4 T lymphocyte count of 257 cells/µL and a viral load of 60,154 copies. Despite presenting a relatively preserved immunity, the patient also presented Criptococcic meningoencephalitis and Esophageal candidiasis. The patient responded satisfactorily to treatment for infections and after 51 days was discharged. (Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia)
Children's psychosocial wellbeing in the context of HIV/AIDS and poverty: a comparative investigation of orphaned and non-orphaned children living in South Africa
Conclusions: The results muster additional evidence for moving beyond narrow definitions of vulnerability associated exclusively with orphanhood to consider the multitude of material, social and relational factors affecting the psycho-social well-being of children in general who are living in circumstances of poverty and HIV and AIDS. (Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles)
Characteristics and coinfection with syphilis in newly HIV?infected patients at the University Hospital Dresden 1987?2012
ConclusionsOur findings suggest a causative relationship between recently rising incidences of syphilis and HIV infection in MSM. Early diagnosis of syphilis may promote earlier diagnosis of HIV infection; therefore, HIV prevention measures should also include other sexually transmitted infections. (Source: JDDG)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Antiretroviral-Related Alopecia in HIV-Infected Patients: A Review of the Literature.
CONCLUSIONS: In antiretroviral-induced alopecia, discontinuation of the suspected agent is the optimal management, and hair regrowth should occur within 1 to 3 months. Management may also include replacing the offending medication with an antiretroviral less likely to cause hair loss. It is essential to rule out other causes of alopecia with a complete patient history, including characterization of the hair loss and assessment of the patient's medical history, medication use, and family history of alopecia. PMID: 24944240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy)
Thrombolysis Aids PE Survival, but Ups Bleeding Risk (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Thrombolytic therapy nearly halved mortality in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE), but at the cost of a higher risk of major bleeding, especially in the elderly, a meta-analysis found. (Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular)
Arcadia Biosciences safflower oil product boosts omega-6 fatty acid
Davis-based Arcadia Biosciences Inc. is launching its product Sonova Ultra GLA Safflower Oil, which contains 55 percent of the omega-6 fatty acid that benefits skin health, weight management and women?s hormonal balance. Arcadia doesn?t sell it retail; rather it supplies the makers of supplements, energy bars and dietary aids. The primary traditional sources of omega-6 fatty acid are evening primrose or borage (starflower), both of which are difficult to cultivate. Arcadia genetically modified? (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Hospitals headlines)
An Integrative Review of Guidelines for Anal Cancer Screening in HIV-Infected Persons
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Mid-ATR-FTIR Spectroscopic Profiling of HIV/AIDS Sera for Novel Systems Diagnostics in Global Health
OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Working to Break the Chain: Fighting HIV/AIDS in Arua, Uganda
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) began an HIV/AIDS clinic at Arua Hospital in the West Nile region of northern Uganda in 2001. Today, MSF provides antiretroviral (ARV) treatment to more than 3,000 people living with HIV/AIDS here. (Source: MSF News)
LGBT people's knowledge of and preparedness to discuss end?of?life care planning options
Abstract Despite the devastating impact of HIV/AIDS, end?of?life care planning among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) communities is relatively under?researched, especially in Australia. This paper reports findings of a survey of 305 LGBT people living in New South Wales, which examined their knowledge of and attitudes towards end?of?life care. The focus of this paper is their preparedness to discuss with healthcare providers any end?of?life care plans. The results highlight that while the majority of respondents were aware of three of the four key end?of?life care planning options available in New South Wales ? enduring powers of attorney, enduring guardians and person responsible (only a minority had heard of advance healthcare directives) ? a much smal...
Botswana: HIV Still Nation's Biggest Challenge
[Government of Botswana]HIV infection is still the biggest challenge facing the country, says coordinator of the National AIDS Coordinating Agency (NACA), Ms Grace Muzila. Briefing the media yesterday, June 16, about the recent Botswana AIDS Impact Survey (BAIS) IV, she said the national HIV prevalence rate was estimated at 18.5% among people aged 18 months and above. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Taking It One Day at a Time: African American Women Aging with HIV and Co-Morbidities
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Zambia: HIV/Aids Testing 'Scaring Away' Pregnant Women
[Times of Zambia]LIVINGSTONE District medical officer Cliff Hara has observed that most pregnant women in the district have been avoiding antenatal services because of compulsory HIV/AIDS testing for the women and their spouses. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Guava aids the body and the brain
(NaturalNews) Guavas are native to South America, Mexico and other parts of North America. They are cultivated in the tropics and subtropics of Africa, the Caribbean and parts of Asia, Hawaii, New Zealand, Australia and Spain. There are different species of guava, but the most commonly... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Zimbabwe: HIV+ Ex-Employee Sues Hospital
[The Herald]AN HIV positive woman is suing her former employer, St Anne's Hospital, for $30 000 after she was allegedly forced to disclose her status before being arbitrarily fired. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Uganda: Opposition Against Uganda HIV Bill
[EA Business]Kampala -Uganda, The Uganda AIDS Commission has asked President Yoweri Museveni not to assent the recently passed HIV/AIDS Control Bill 2010 in its current form. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Thinking Outside the Heart: Use of Engineered Cardiac Tissue for the Treatment of Chronic Deep Venous Insufficiency
This article considers the use of autologous stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes as a novel means to aid venous return. The approach consists of creating external cuffs of engineered heart tissue around vein segments with incompetent or poorly competent valves. The engineered heart tissue cuff prevents distention of the impaired vein segments and aids unidirectional flow by its rhythmic contractions. There appear to be no fundamental limitations to this approach as feasibility of all of the individual components has already been shown. Here, we underline the clinical need for novel ways to treat chronic deep venous insufficiency, review previous research that enabled this approach, consider potential designs of engineered heart tissue cuffs, and outline its advantages and future challenges. (...
Source apportionment of PAHs [Physical Sciences]
We thank Ahad et al. (1) for expanding on our recent study (2) by providing additional information that aids in explaining the missing emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR). They argue that evaporative releases from tailings ponds are likely not a major source... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Does temporal preparation facilitate visual processing in a selective manner? Evidence from attentional capture.
Authors: Seibold VC, Rolke B Abstract The present study addressed the question of whether temporal preparation influences perceptual stimulus processing in a selective manner. In three visual search experiments, we examined whether temporal preparation aids spatial selection and thus reduces distraction caused by the onset of a task-irrelevant item. In each trial, participants had to detect a target amongst five non-targets and report a basic feature of the target. In some trials, an additional task-irrelevant singleton item (abrupt onset) appeared on the screen which distracted attention away from the target. To manipulate the degree of distraction, we varied the spatial distance and the stimulus-onset asynchrony between target and singleton. Temporal preparation for the target va...
Malawi: Empower Sex Workers to Demand Safe Sex - Badilika Foundation
[Malawi News Agency]Blantyre -Malawi will not win the fight against HIV and AIDS unless sex workers are empowered to demand safe sex as one way of HIV reducing transmission, says the Badilika Foundation. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Kenya: 3000 Living With HIV in Baringo
[The Star]About 3,000 people are living with HIV-Aids in Baringo county, according to a survey by Baringo County AIDS Control Council. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Tanzania: Minister Calls for Use of Local Resources to Fight HIV/Aids
[Daily News]Arusha -THE Minister for Tourism and Natural Resources, Mr Lazaro Nyalandu, has called for use of local resources to effectively fight against HIV/AIDS instead of depending on foreign funding. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Zambia: South Records 40 Percent New HIV Infections
[Times of Zambia]GOVERNMENT has attributed the major challenge to the HIV/AIDS response in Southern Province to the high rates of new infections among the young population aged between 15 and 24 years. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Malawi: Tilipo Reduces Teachers' Mortality Rate in Mangochi
[Malawi News Agency]Mangochi -School and HIV/Aids Coordinator for Mangochi District Education Office, Noel Nzunga has said since Teachers Living Positively with the virus (Tilipo) was introduced in 2007 annual mortality rate among teachers has been reduced drastically. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Malawi: Migration to South Africa Fueling HIV/Aids Spread in Mzimba
[Malawi News Agency]Mzimba -Every Child, a non-governmental organisation has asked Malawi Government to devise measures of controlling migration of its citizens to South Africa (SA) in search for jobs, saying the practice has become a major catalyst for spread of HIV/AIDS in Mzimba District. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Advancing the application of systems thinking in health: why cure crowds out prevention
Conclusions: We have created an artificial system as a laboratory to gain insights about the trade-offs between curative and preventive health allocations, and the effect of indicative policy interventions. The underlying dynamics of this artificial system resemble features of modern health systems where a self-perpetuating industry has grown up around disease-specific curative programs like HIV/AIDS or malaria. The model shows how the growth of curative care services can crowd both fiscal and policy space for the practice of population level prevention work, requiring dramatic interventions to overcome these trends. (Source: Health Research Policy and Systems)
A Comprehensive Approach to Risk Reduction for Asian and Pacific Islander American Women With HIV/AIDS
As HIV incidence rises globally, Asian and Pacific Islander communities are increasingly affected. While often overlooked, Asian and Pacific Islander American women have shown the greatest percentage increase in HIV diagnosis rates. The development of a multilevel and multistrategy approach to HIV/AIDS education, prevention, and treatment among Asian and Pacific Islander females requires health care providers to identify personal and cultural barriers to prevention and treatment and implement culturally sensitive and specific measures. The purpose of this article is to illuminate barriers to HIV-related prevention, treatment, and care among Asian and Pacific Islander American females and provide practical application-based suggestions for providers, which may enhance Asian and Pacific Isla...
Central Nervous System Penetration and Effectiveness of Darunavir/Ritonavir Monotherapy.
Authors: Pérez Valero I, Gonzalez-Baeza A, Montes Ramirez ML Abstract Darunavir/ritonavir monotherapy is an experimental switching strategy for virologically suppressed patients without protease inhibitor resistance to avoid nucleos(t)ide-related toxicities. This therapy maintains virological suppression in most patients, but at slightly lower rates than standard therapy that includes two nucleos(t)ides. Patients experiencing virological failure are generally re-suppressed without emergence of resistance with the resumption of two nucleos(t)ides. Reports of cerebrospinal fluid viral escape has been observed in patients receiving protease inhibitor monotherapy, and concerns exist regarding the capacity of protease inhibitor monotherapy to control HIV infection in the brain and to p...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
A rapid RT-PCR assay for the detection of HIV-1 in human plasma specimens.
CONCLUSIONS: We developed a comprehensive, easy to use assay for the detection of HIV-1 in human plasma. Our assay combines a rapid and cost-effective method for molecular diagnostics with the versatility necessary for widespread laboratory use. These performance characteristics make this HIV-1 detection assay highly suitable for use in a clinical laboratory. PMID: 24945443 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Experimental and Molecular Pathology)
Spatial design of hearing AIDS incorporating multiple vents.
Authors: Stevenson D, Searchfield G, Xu X Abstract The main aim of this study was to investigate the shape variation in the human ear canal and the effects of venting on the spatial design of hearing aids. The second aim was to determine the design feasibility of a multiple venting hearing aid and assess the flexibility of design provided. A statistical shape model based on principal component analysis was created from a dataset of 60 left and 49 right ears. The modal variations of these models were then examined to determine the narrowest portion of the ear canal likely to limit effective venting. Finally, 3D models of two hearing aid shells, one with multiple 0.4-mm vents and the other with a single large 3-mm vent were created. Results showed that more than 50% of the shape vari...
Quitgate Offers Quit Support and Huge Discounts on Stop Smoking Aids...
As a one-stop smoking cessation platform, Quitgate.com offers quit smoking help, stop smoking aids and social support treatments that increase the chances of smoking cessation as cited by the Centers...(PRWeb June 14, 2014)Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/quit-smoking/help/prweb11937287.htm (Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals)
Validation of the self-reported hearing questions in the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing against the Whispered Voice Test
Conclusions: We showed that this validity check was useful to select the questions that most effectively assess hearing deficits and provided crucial information for the subsequent waves. We argue that longitudinal studies using self-reports of sensory efficacy would benefit from a similar check. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Dynamic analysis of oral Candida carriage, distribution, and antifungal susceptibility in HIV?infected patients during the first year of highly active antiretroviral therapy in Guangxi, China
ConclusionsThe Candida load decreased with increased CD4+ T cell counts, and C. albicans was still the prevailing species. Further, a trend toward more frequent in vitro resistance to fluconazole and itraconazole was observed. Our results provide reference for treatment and prevention of oral candidiasis among this population. (Source: Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
In Developing World, Pollution Kills More Than Disease
Air and chemical pollution are growing rapidly in the developing world with dire consequences for health, says Richard Fuller, president of the Pure Earth/Blacksmith Institute. Credit: BigstockBy Stephen LeahyUXBRIDGE, Canada, Jun 13 2014 (IPS) Pollution, not disease, is the biggest killer in the developing world, taking the lives of more than 8.4 million people each year, a new analysis shows. That?s almost three times the deaths caused by malaria and fourteen times those caused by HIV/AIDs. However, pollution receives a fraction of the interest from the global community. ?Toxic sites along with air and water pollution impose a tremendous burden on the health systems of developing countries,? said Richard Fuller, president of the Pure Earth/Blacksmith Institute, which prepared the a...
HIV-Positive Men's Experiences with Integrated Family Planning and HIV Services in Western Kenya: Integration Fosters Male Involvement
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
J&J Links Up With GSK-Led Group on 2-Drug HIV TabletJ&J Links Up With GSK-Led Group on 2-Drug HIV Tablet
Johnson & Johnson has linked up with ViiV Healthcare - a specialist HIV company majority-owned by GlaxoSmithKline - to develop a new AIDS medicine combining two drugs in a single tablet. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
The teaching of writing and the development of people with intellectual disabilities
This article proposes a theoretical reflection on the development of children with intellectual disabilities, regarding the importance and necessity of the process of learning the written language, from a historical-cultural point of view. For this approach, the course of development of a child disabled or not will occur according to cultural and social conditions experimented by him or her. Therefore, concerning the child with intellectual disabilities, his cultural condition, in dynamic relationship with the obstacles placed in its special condition, will be the source of his development. If the development of higher psychological functions is realized through the use of tools and if the people with intellectual disabilities present an inability to use these tools, there will be the need...
A relação orientadora-orientanda no primeiro encontro com a pesquisa
This article proposes a theoretical reflection on the development of children with intellectual disabilities, regarding the importance and necessity of the process of learning the written language, from a historical-cultural point of view. For this approach, the course of development of a child disabled or not will occur according to cultural and social conditions experimented by him or her. Therefore, concerning the child with intellectual disabilities, his cultural condition, in dynamic relationship with the obstacles placed in its special condition, will be the source of his development. If the development of higher psychological functions is realized through the use of tools and if the people with intellectual disabilities present an inability to use these tools, there will be the need...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
A psicologia positiva como fomentadora do bem-estar e da felicidade
This article proposes a theoretical reflection on the development of children with intellectual disabilities, regarding the importance and necessity of the process of learning the written language, from a historical-cultural point of view. For this approach, the course of development of a child disabled or not will occur according to cultural and social conditions experimented by him or her. Therefore, concerning the child with intellectual disabilities, his cultural condition, in dynamic relationship with the obstacles placed in its special condition, will be the source of his development. If the development of higher psychological functions is realized through the use of tools and if the people with intellectual disabilities present an inability to use these tools, there will be the need...
"Saúde para Doença" ou patologização da saúde?
This article proposes a theoretical reflection on the development of children with intellectual disabilities, regarding the importance and necessity of the process of learning the written language, from a historical-cultural point of view. For this approach, the course of development of a child disabled or not will occur according to cultural and social conditions experimented by him or her. Therefore, concerning the child with intellectual disabilities, his cultural condition, in dynamic relationship with the obstacles placed in its special condition, will be the source of his development. If the development of higher psychological functions is realized through the use of tools and if the people with intellectual disabilities present an inability to use these tools, there will be the need...
Entre o labor acadêmico e a candura do engajamento: o higienismo por Boarini
This article proposes a theoretical reflection on the development of children with intellectual disabilities, regarding the importance and necessity of the process of learning the written language, from a historical-cultural point of view. For this approach, the course of development of a child disabled or not will occur according to cultural and social conditions experimented by him or her. Therefore, concerning the child with intellectual disabilities, his cultural condition, in dynamic relationship with the obstacles placed in its special condition, will be the source of his development. If the development of higher psychological functions is realized through the use of tools and if the people with intellectual disabilities present an inability to use these tools, there will be the need...
Virtual Guide On Ocular Self-Examination To Support The Self-Care Practice For People With HIV/AIDS
Objetivou-se descrever processo de desenvolvimento da cartilha virtual sobre autoexame ocular para pessoas com HIV/aids. A proposta metodológica seguiu as cinco etapas preconizadas por Falkembach: análise e planejamento, modelagem, implementação, avaliação e distribuição. A adequação da versão impressa para virtual requereu a construção de um vídeo tutorial, agregação de fotos ilustrativas para visualização de possíveis alterações oculares e ferramenta de interatividade com demonstração do resultado do exame ao usuário. Na avaliação inicial do material, foram diagnosticadas falhas no layout. Assim, comandos foram recolocados, unificados, dispostos em local de fácil visualização e foi feita a adequação da linguagem. Considera-se possível promover aproximaçã...
Africa: New Aidspan Paper Explores the Role of the Local Fund Agent (lFA)
[GFO]Evolving responsibilities include risk management, accountability and effective oversight of grant implementation at country level (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
South Africa: Opinion - Helping to Fix the System
[Health-e]Antiretrovirals continue to be the most reported medicine out of stock as the civil society Stop Stock Out Project continues, write Project Coordination Monique Lines and Medicines Sans Frontieres pharmacist Tinne Gils. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Africa: Channel 4 Wrong to Claim Cancer Is Bigger Than Aids
[Africa Check]Does cancer kill more people in Africa than malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/Aids combined? No. Editors of a Channel 4 programme in the UK tell Africa Check they were wrong and are withdrawing the claim. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Africa: A Flurry of Interest Greets Closure of First Window for Regional Proposals Under NFM
[GFO]Forty-three entities, seeking funds exceeding $689 million, have signaled interest (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: HIV-Aids Cases On the Rise in Kisii
[The Star]Kisii Governor James Ongwae's wife yesterday expressed concern over increased cases of HIV-Aids infections in the county. Elizabeth Ongwae said statistics from Aids Indicator Survey, 2012 and National Demographic and Health Survey show the county recorded 5,480 new infections. "The county is listed along Kisumu, Homa Bay, Siaya, Mombasa and Nairobi as most hit by the virus," Elizabeth said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Namibia: Strong Link Between GBV, Alcohol and HIV
[New Era]Windhoek -Many countries have HIV and gender-based violence (GBV) policy frameworks on how to overcome the burden of the two epidemics, but they do not interweave alcohol abuse into their policies though the latter could lead to HIV. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
MMWR Surveillance Summary: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance - United States, 2013
The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance?United States, 2013 (YRBS) collected data from state and large urban school districts related to health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth and adults. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
Updated: Infographics and Posters for 2014 National HIV Testing Day
New National HIV Testing Day Resources for print and social media. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
Zimbabwe: Young Zimbabweans Miss Out On HIV Testing
[IRIN]Harare -Young people with HIV are dying in increasing numbers in Zimbabwe at a time when HIV-related deaths are declining for all other age groups. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Tanzania: Having Bike in-Hand Is Enough for World Tour
[Daily News]EXACTLY ten years after Somen Debnath started his bicycle tour in his Indian homeland, he arrived in Dar es Salaam. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Rwanda: First Lady Reaffirms Resolve to End HIV Stigma
[New Times]First Lady Jeannette Kagame has urged all Rwandans, irrespective of status in society, to join the fight against HIV/Aids, saying it is crucial to ensure that HIV-positive persons are not stigmatised. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Nigeria: HIV/Aids Prevalence Drops to 1.3 Percent in Kano
[Vanguard]Kano-- HIV and AIDS prevalence has dropped from 2.8 per cent to 1.3 per cent in Kano State, according to a survey conducted by the National AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey Plus, NARHS-Plus. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Economic evaluation of surgical insertion of ventilation tubes for the management of persistent bilateral otitis media with effusion in children
Conclusions: The VTs strategy is a cost-effective option when compared with the HAs alone and HAs plus VTs strategies, but the need for additional information from future study is evident to inform this surgical treatment choice. Future studies of surgical and non-surgical treatment of OME in childhood should evaluate the economic impact of pertinent interventions to provide greater context. (Source: BMC Health Services Research)
Youth risk behavior surveillance - United States, 2013.
This report summarizes results for 104 health-risk behaviors plus obesity, overweight, and asthma from the 2013 national survey, 42 state surveys, and 21 large urban school district surveys conducted among students in grades 9-12. Results: Results from the 2013 national YRBS indicated that many high school students are engaged in priority health-risk behaviors associated with the leading causes of death among persons aged 10-24 years in the United States. During the 30 days before the survey, 41.4% of high school students nationwide among the 64.7% who drove a car or other vehicle during the 30 days before the survey had texted or e-mailed while driving, 34.9% had drunk alcohol, and 23.4% had used marijuana. During the 12 months before the survey, 14.8% had been electronically bullied, 19....
Myasthenia Gravis: Paradox versus paradigm in autoimmunity.
Authors: Berrih-Aknin S Abstract Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is a paradigm of organ-specific autoimmune disease (AID). It is mediated by antibodies that target the neuromuscular junction. The purpose of this review is to place MG in the general context of autoimmunity, to summarize the common mechanisms between MG and other AIDs, and to describe the specific mechanisms of MG. We have chosen the most common organ-specific AIDs to compare with MG: type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD), multiple sclerosis (MS), some systemic AIDs (systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Sjogren's syndrome (SS)), as well as inflammatory diseases of the gut and liver (celiac disease (CeD), Crohn's disease (CD), and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)). Several ...
The cascade of care in the Eastern European country of Georgia
ConclusionsThe findings of our analysis demonstrate that the majority of patients diagnosed with HIV infection are retained in care. Loss of patients occurs at each step of the HIV care continuum, but the major gap is at the stage of HIV diagnosis. Reducing the number of persons living with undiagnosed HIV infection and simultaneously enhancing engagement in continuous care will be critical to achieve maximum individual and public health benefits of ART. (Source: HIV Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Switching from Efavirenz to Nevirapine in Children: 1-Week Dose Escalation Strategy
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Expression and Localization of P-Glycoprotein, Multidrug Resistance Protein 4, and Breast Cancer Resistance Protein in the Female Lower Genital Tract of Human and Pigtailed Macaque
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Namibia: GBV, HIV Hand in Glove
[New Era]Women who experience violence in volatile abusive relationships face four times higher the risk of contracting HIV, an international study on the linkages between gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV has revealed. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: Kano HIV/Aids Rate Drops to 1.3 Percent
[Daily Trust]Kano -Prevalence rate for HIV/AIDS in Kano State has dropped from 2.8 per cent to 1.3 per cent, according to a survey conducted by the National AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey Plus (NARHS-Plus), an organization saddled with the respon-sibility of monitoring the disease. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Kenya: NACC, Counties in Joint HIV-Aids Fight
[The Star]THE National Aids Control Council will incorporate the county governments in the new National HIV Strategic Framework to fight the spread of HIV-Aids. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Zimbabwe: Condom Uptake Must Cascade to Use
[The Herald]The HIV story should remain topical and the media has a role to have it remain visible, this was said by the Deputy Minister of Media, Information and Publicity Honourable Supa Mandiwanzira at an editor's briefing on the current HIV national response by the National Aids Council in conjuction with the Ministry of Health and Child Care in Chinhoyi recently. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Rwanda: Rights of People Living With HIV/Aids Are Guaranteed
[New Times]TODAY, the Rwanda Network of People living with HIV-better known as RRP+ (Réseau Rwandais des Personnes vivant avec le VIH) - marks its 10-year anniversary. This is an opportunity to acknowledge their achievements and valuable contribution towards the AIDS response in Rwanda. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: 15,000 Teachers Infected With HIV-Aids, Says NACC
[The Star]WE'LL FIGHT IT: Senior deputy director of education Margaret Murage and National Aids Control Council director Nduku Kilonzo at the Panafric Hotel, Nairobi during the launch of the TSC Kenepote best practices yesterday.Photo/Monicah Mwangi (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Methods and protocol of a mixed method quasi-experiment to evaluate the effects of a structural economic and food security intervention on HIV vulnerability in rural Malawi: the SAGE4Health Study
DiscussionIn addition to examining pathways linking structural factors to HIV vulnerability, this research will yield important information for understanding the impact of a multilevel environmental/structural intervention on HIV, with the potential for other sustainable long-term public health benefits. (Source: BioMed Central)
Hepatitis B virus infection in a cohort of HIV infected blood donors and AIDS patients in Sichuan, China
Conclusions: High prevalence of HBV in HIV infected individuals was found in this study. Hence, we recommend routine testing of HBV for patients newly diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in China. Some HIV-HBV co-infected patients remain undiagnosed if only conventional serological markers for HBV are used and it's important to detect HBV DNA for HIV infected patients. HBV DNA levels were relatively low in HBeAg negative patients, thus this serologic marker may be useful in prioritizing patients on their need for HBV treatment in settings in which HBV DNA is not available. (Source: Journal of Translational Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Cell activation and HIV-1 replication in unstimulated CD4+ T lymphocytes ingesting exosomes from cells expressing defective HIV-1
Conclusions: Exosomes from cells expressing a functionally defective mutant can induce cell activation and HIV-1 susceptibility in unstimulated CD4+ T lymphocytes. This evidence highlights the relevance for AIDS pathogenesis of the expression of viral products from defective HIV-1 genomes. (Source: Retrovirology)
Acceptability of self-collection sampling for HPV-DNA testing in low-resource settings: a mixed methods approach
Conclusion: Self-and vaginal-sampling are widely acceptable among women in low-resource settings. Providers have a unique opportunity to educate and prepare women for self-sampling and be flexible in accommodating women's preference for self-sampling. (Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles)
Structure?Based Studies on the Metal?Binding of Two?Metal?Dependent Sugar Isomerases
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Structured digital abstract BHRI and BHRI bind by x-ray crystallography (View interaction) (Source: FEBS Journal)
"It's Valid and Reliable" Is Not Enough: Critical Appraisal of Reporting of Measures in Trials Evaluating Patient Decision Aids
Conclusions. Very little is reported about the development or performance of measures used to evaluate the effectiveness of PtDAs in published trials. Minimum reporting standards are proposed to enable authors to prepare study reports, editors and reviewers to evaluate submitted papers, and readers to appraise published studies. (Source: Medical Decision Making)
Contributions of Second Opinions, Outcome Forecasts, and Testimonials to Patient Decisions about Knee Replacement Surgery
Conclusions. Information provided in a decision aid, including person-specific outcome forecasts and testimonials, can affect patient choices. The strong effect of testimonials and respondents&rsquo; interest in reviewing them reinforces concerns about unwanted influence when testimonials are biased. (Source: Medical Decision Making)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Text Reminders Improve Adherence to Antiretroviral TherapyText Reminders Improve Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy
When a text reminder is sent to patients who do not open their pill container within 30 minutes of a scheduled dose, adherence to antiretroviral therapy improves significantly, new research shows. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care)
Masthead
(Source: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care)
Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care)
Board of Directors
(Source: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Simplified Submission
Never throw up on an editor.Ellen Datlow (as cited in ) I'm a nurse. No one thought to teach me about business or publishing or the business of publishing. It was hard enough to teach me the skills and the theories of nursing. Who knew I'd grow up to edit a journal? I learned how to write and edit somewhere along the way; after all, nursing is a career of many challenges and opportunities. And now I am faced with the realization that being an editor (a perfectly good opportunity) has brought with it the challenge of the business of publishing. For those of you who have not been struggling with this as I have (and why would you?), the business of publishing is to get new information, new data, and new ideas out as quickly as possible in order to support the development of even more new inf...
Cover 1
(Source: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care)
NIH Awards Scripps Research $13M Grant To Develop AIDS Vaccine
A research team from the The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) has been awarded a grant of over $13 million from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease of the National Institutes of Health to research antibodies that could lead to the development of a vaccine against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). (Source: Pharmaceutical Online News)
Africa: Civil Society Priorities Charter Drives Inclusive Country Dialogue in Southern Africa
[GFO]Concept note development for Global Fund grants advances using participatory approach, group says (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Africa: Global Health Will Remain Top Priority for Development Funding in a Post-MDG World - Benn
[GFO]'Getting to Zero' with high-impact, high value-for-money programs at core of Global Fund's agenda now and post-2015 (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Malawi: Henry's Story - 'HIV Has Made Me Fearless'
[Key Correspondents]At the age of 18 Henry, from Blantyre in Malawi, was shocked to discover he had been living with HIV all his life. Henry (not his real name) talks about how he has come to terms with his status. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: Agency to Distribute Three Million Mosquito Nets in Bauchi
[Leadership]The Bauchi Agency for the Control of HIV/AIDs,Tuberculosis, Leprosy and Malaria (BACATMA) says it has concluded arrangements for the distribution of 3.2 million Long Lasting Mosquito Nets (LLMN) in the state. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Cognitive aids: time for a change?
(Source: Anaesthesia)
The effects of a displayed cognitive aid on non?technical skills in a simulated ?can't intubate, can't oxygenate? crisis
In this study, 64 participants were randomly assigned into control (no cognitive aid) and intervention (cognitive aid provided) groups before a simulated ?can't intubate, can't oxygenate? scenario. Video analysis was undertaken of the non?technical skills and technical performance during the scenarios. All categories had higher Anaesthetists? Non?Technical Skills (ANTS) scores when a cognitive aid was supplied (mean (SD) total ANTS score 10.4 (3.1) vs 13.2 (2.4), p &lt; 0.001). The number of times the cognitive aid was used was associated with higher ANTS scores (? = 0.383, p = 0.002). A trend towards the establishment of an infraglottic airway within 3 min was also noted (control group 55.3% vs intervention 76.9%, p = 0.076). Non?technical skills are improved when a ...
Physical Therapy as an Adjunct Treatment for People Living with HIV/AIDS An Allied Health Perspective
This article is currently available as a free download on ingentaconnect (Source: Journal of Allied Health)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Vulnerabilities, impacts and responses to HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa.
Authors: Wamoyi J PMID: 24917515 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Culture, Health and Sexuality)
Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome Among Antiretroviral-Naive and Antiretroviral-Experienced HIV-1 Infected Thai Adults
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Ghana: Ghana Marks International Protect the Goal Day
[Ghanaian Chronicle]GHANA JOINS the world and the UNAIDS to mark the International Protect the Goal Day, just days away from the start of the 2014 Brazil World Cup. June 09, 2014 has been declared by the UNAIDS as the International Protect the Goal Day, and Executive Director Michel Sidibe will perform the global launch of the Day in in Salvador da Bahia in Brazil. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Circulating Plasma HIV-1 Viral Protein R in Dual HIV-1/Tuberculosis Infection
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Liberia: UN Agencies, Gov't Brainstorm
[NEWS]The United Nations Joint Program on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health have concluded a weeklong Bottleneck Analysis on the current national Prevention from Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) plan in Buchanan, Grand Bassa County. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Unboosted ATV vs Ritonavir-Boosted PI Maintenance TherapyUnboosted ATV vs Ritonavir-Boosted PI Maintenance Therapy
This meta-analysis compares unboosted atazanavir with ritonavir-boosted PI for long-term antiretroviral therapy in adults with virological suppression. HIV Medicine (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Kenya: Launch of HIV and Aids Documentary
[The Star]A documentary on the best practices on HIV/AIDS will be launched today by the education ministry. The documentary focuses on teachers living with HIV and their efforts towards zero new infections, stigma and discrimination, and HIV related deaths. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Liberia: UN, Govt Develop Scale-Up Plan
[New Dawn]The United Nations Joint Program on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in collaboration with the government of Liberia have concluded a weeklong Bottleneck Analysis on the current National Prevention from Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) plan in Buchanan, Grand Bassa. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Liberia: UNAIDS, UNICEF, Gov't Collaborate to Develop EMTCT Scale-Up Plan for Liberia
[Heritage]The United Nations Joint Program on AIDS (UNAIDS) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in collaboration with the Government of Liberia through the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare have concluded a weeklong Bottleneck Analysis on the current national Prevention from Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) plan in Buchanan, Grand Bassa County. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Namibia: HIV/Aids Down On Priority List
[New Era]The Head of the HIV/AIDS Management Unit (HAMU) in the Ministry of Education says HIV/AIDS issues are being "pushed under the carpet and nobody wants to talk about it," unlike in the past when HIV/AIDS dominated public discussions. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Kenya: 13,000 Babies Born With HIV Each Year
[The Star]THE Ministry of Health yesterday released worrying statistic indicating that about 13,000 newborns are born with HIV annually in the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Angola: HIV/Aids Cases Increase in Bengo
[ANGOP]Caxito -At least 28 new cases of HIV/Aids were diagnosed, in the first quarter of this year in Caxito, northern Bengo Province by the Voluntary Testing Centre (CATV), announced on Monday to Angop, the provincial coordinator of Fight against Aids, Gabriela Abreu. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Gene editing tool can write HIV out of the picture
The latest form of genetic engineering can give human cells a rare mutation that keeps them HIV-free (Source: New Scientist - HIV and AIDS)
Influence of professional preparation and class structure on HIV, STD, and pregnancy prevention education
Conclusion: Findings from the current study support the need for professionally prepared educators and stand-alone class structure in terms of providing the most effective sexual health education. (Source: Health Education Journal)
African American Race and HIV Virological Suppression: Beyond Disparities in Clinic Attendance
Racial disparities in clinic attendance may contribute to racial disparities in plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA levels among HIV-positive patients in care. Data from 946 African American and 535 Caucasian patients receiving HIV care at the University of North Carolina Center for AIDS Research HIV clinic between January 1, 1999, and August 1, 2012, were used to estimate the association between African American race and HIV virological suppression (i.e., undetectable HIV-1 RNA) when racial disparities in clinic attendance were lessened. Clinic attendance was measured as the proportion of scheduled clinic appointments attended (i.e., visit adherence) or the proportion of six 4-month intervals with at least 1 attended scheduled clinic appointment (i.e., visit constancy)....<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Cohort Profile: Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC)
The advent of effective combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 1996 resulted in fewer patients experiencing clinical events, so that some prognostic analyses of individual cohort studies of human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals had low statistical power. Because of this, the Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC) of HIV cohort studies in Europe and North America was established in 2000, with the aim of studying the prognosis for clinical events in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and the mortality of adult patients treated for HIV-1 infection. In 2002, the ART-CC collected data on more than 12,000 patients in 13 cohorts who had begun combination ART between 1995 and 2001. Subsequent updates took place in 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010. The ART-CC data b...
Occurrence of intestinal microsporidia in immunodeficient patients in Poland.
This article presents the results of the first epidemiological study on the ccurrence and prevalence of microsporidia in patients with primary and secondary immunodeficiency in Poland. PMID: 24959769 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine : AAEM)
HIV/AIDS in Rural America: Disproportionate Impact on minority and Multicultural Populations
Overview of the impact of AIDS and HIV in rural areas. Summarizes the epidemiology of AIDS/HIV, including its impact on rural minority groups. Discusses the challenges rural areas face in preventing AIDS. Includes policy recommendations. -- National Rural Health Association (Source: Rural publications via the Rural Assistance Center)
Sleep may help memories form by promoting new synapses
Research in mice suggests that sleep aids memory by promoting the formation of new nerve cell connections Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Zimbabwe: Children Battle to Access HIV Testing
[IRIN]Harare -Young people with HIV are increasingly dying at a time when HIV-related deaths are declining for all other age groups. They are also less likely to get tested for the virus, as concerns about guardianship and privacy can discourage clinics from testing children, according to a recent study. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
9th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence9th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence
Read clinically focused news coverage of key developments from IAPAC 2014. Medscape HIV/AIDS (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Video game technology aids horse rider assessment
Horse riders? balance, symmetry and poor posture could be improved thanks to an innovative body suit that works with motion sensors, commonly used by movie makers and the video games industry. New research uses inertial motion sensors worn in the XsensTM MVN body suit, and is now showing promising results as a method of assessing rider asymmetry and lower back pain and injury risk. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Liberia: Liberia Works With Partners Towards EMTCT Deadline
[Analyst]Monrovia -The United Nations Joint Program on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in collaboration with the Government of Liberia through the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare have concluded in Buchanan a weeklong Bottleneck Analysis on the current national Prevention of the deadly disease from Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Plan. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Nigeria: HIV Response - Experts Call for More Focus On Youths
[Vanguard]VOluntary HIV screening has never been a strong issue with the younger generation. Since most young people with HIV do not know their status, it is vital that youth at risk for HIV be tested and know where to get a confidential HIV test. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
South Sudan: HIV Infection Rates Rising in Central Equatoria, Officials Say
[Sudan Tribune]Morobo -The rate of HIV infections in Central Equatoria state's Morobo county significantly increased this year compared to last year's statistics, a health official said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Rwanda: HIV Prevalence Rate Worries MPs
[New Times]Even as the country registered a big reduction in the HIV/Aids infection rates, legislators have expressed worry over the current prevalence rates, saying more should be done to fight the global pandemic. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Africa: UN Officials Urge Greater Commitment, Investment, Innovation to End HIV/Aids Epidemic
[UN News]Despite significant gains, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is far from over, United Nations officials said today, calling for greater political commitment, investment and innovation to end the global scourge. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Zimbabwe: Blind, Inspirational Taffy Needs Your Votes
[New Zimbabwe]A ZIMBABWEAN man who grew up in an orphanage and lost his sight some five years ago but now runs an organisation that provides HIV education to the blind and helps them use computers is up for a top international award and needs the votes of fellow Zimbabweans. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Impact of ART Response on Life Expectancy in HIV+ AdultsImpact of ART Response on Life Expectancy in HIV+ Adults
This study estimates life expectancies of HIV-positive patients according to response to antiretroviral therapy. AIDS (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Kenya: Man Wrongly Diagnosed With HIV and TB Sues KNH
[The Star]A man is suing Kenyatta National Hospital and five doctors for allegedly misdiagnosing him with HIV in 2006. Peter Mungai Njoroge received Tubercolusis and HIV treatment for several months before he was told that he never actually had the virus that causes AIDS. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Activity aids breast cancer survival
Exercise can aid recovery after breast cancer but many women are not active enough, a study suggests. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Malawi: COWLHA Malawi Shifting Perceptions of Masculinity, Feminity in Dowa
[Malawi News Agency]The coalition of Women Living with HIV and AIDS (COWLHA) Malawi has said gender based violence makes women more vulnerable to HIV and AIDS which is fuelled by negative societal perceptions. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Innate DNA sensing is impaired in HIV patients and IFI16 expression correlates with chronic immune activation
Summary The innate immune system has been recognized to play a role in the pathogenesis of HIV infection, both by stimulating protective activities and through a contribution to chronic immune activation, the development of immunodeficiency and progression to AIDS. A role for DNA sensors in HIV recognition has been suggested recently, and the aim of the present study was to describe the influence of HIV infection on expression and function of intracellular DNA sensing. Here we demonstrate impaired expression of interferon?stimulated genes in responses to DNA in peripheral blood monuclear cells from HIV?positive individuals, irrespective of whether patients receive anti?retroviral treatment. Furthermore, we show that expression levels of the DNA sensors interferon?inducible protein ...
A theoretical model to describe progressions and regressions for exercise rehabilitation
This article aims to describe a new theoretical model to simplify and aid visualisation of the clinical reasoning process involved in progressing a single exercise. Exercise prescription is a core skill for physiotherapists but is an area that is lacking in theoretical models to assist clinicians when designing exercise programs to aid rehabilitation from injury. Historical models of periodization and motor learning theories lack any visual aids to assist clinicians.The concept of the proposed model is that new stimuli can be added or exchanged with other stimuli, either intrinsic or extrinsic to the participant, in order to gradually progress an exercise whilst remaining safe and effective. The proposed model maintains the core skills of physiotherapists by assisting clinical reasoning sk...
Stat
"Sound Medicine's" Eric Metcalf takes a look at medicine by the numbers in the new series, Stat. This week Metcalf explores the ways HIV/AIDS is portrayed by actors and actresses on screen..... (Source: Sound Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
A genotypic HIV-1 proviral DNA coreceptor tropism assay: characterization in viremic subjects.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that proviral DNA tropism determinations from whole blood or peripheral blood mononuclear cells were highly concordant with plasma HIV-1 RNA tropism determinations. This assay may be useful for screening virologically suppressed patients for CCR5-antagonist eligibility and for research purposes. PMID: 24904682 [PubMed] (Source: AIDS Research and Therapy)
Viral and cellular factors underlying neuropathogenesis in HIV associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND).
Authors: Rao VR, Ruiz AP, Prasad VR Abstract As the HIV-1 epidemic enters its fourth decade, HIV-1 associated neurological disorders (HAND) continue to be a major concern in the infected population, despite the widespread use of anti-retroviral therapy. Advancing age and increased life expectancy of the HIV-1 infected population have been shown to increase the risk of cognitive dysfunction. Over the past 10 years, there has been a significant progress in our understanding of the mechanisms and the risk factors involved in the development of HAND. Key events that lead up to neuronal damage in HIV-1 infected individuals can be categorized based on the interaction of HIV-1 with the various cell types, including but not limited to macrophages, brain endothelial cells, microglia, astro...
A single aspergillus fumigatus intracranial abscess in an immunocompetent patient with parietal lobe tumorectomy
We report here a rare case of intracranial aspergillosis in a patient who had previously undergone a parietal lobe tumorectomy. Aspergillus fumigatus was confirmed by histopathology, and susceptibility tests reported that this infection should respond to voriconazole. We believe the immunosuppression resulting from surgical trauma and glucocorticosteroid treatment may be contributing to the infection, and therefore management of these two factors may improve the prognosis. (Source: BioMed Central)
Investigating active ingredients in a complex intervention: a nested study within the Patient and Decision Aids (PANDAs) randomised controlled trial for people with type 2 diabetes
Conclusion: The intervention was acceptable, flexible and readily implemented in primary care consultations. The decision aid was effective in facilitating cognitive processing. The intervention also facilitated rehearsal in preparation for active roles in a shared decision process.Trial registration: Trials Register Number: ISRCTN14842077. Date registered: 24.06.2010. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Evaluation of Osteotomy Accuracy and Rotational and Angular Alignment for Cranial Closing Wedge Ostectomy Performed With and Without Alignment Aids
ConclusionsK?wires can be used successfully as alignment aids during CCWO and help to create a significantly more orthogonal osteotomy. This allows a significant reduction in the difference between the preoperative and postoperative angles of valgus or varus, which may reduce the risk of developing a clinically important iatrogenically introduced valgus/varus deformity postoperatively. (Source: Veterinary Surgery)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
International Cooperation on Key Issues Fell in 2013
By Jim LobeWASHINGTON, Jun 6 2014 (IPS) International cooperation on key global challenges declined in 2013, according to a new ?report card? released here Friday by the influential Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). Particularly disappointing were international efforts in dealing with terrorism, nuclear non-proliferation and global finance, according to the report which, however, found some gains in two areas ? dealing with or preventing armed conflict and improving global health. The report also found that cooperation on climate change, which last year?s report card found to be worth the lowest grade ? a ?D? &#8211; of all the major issues on which the report card focused, was neither better nor worse than the previous four years assessed by the 50-some experts who constit...
Second Generation Imaging of Nuclear/Cytoplasmic HIV-1 Complexes
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
East Meets West: A Description of HIV-1 Drug Resistance Mutation Patterns of Patients Failing First Line Therapy in PEPFAR Clinics from Uganda and Nigeria
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
UN officials urge greater commitment, investment, innovation to end HIV/AIDS epidemic
Despite significant gains, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is far from over, United Nations officials said today, calling for greater political commitment, investment and innovation to end the global scourge. (Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security)
The Health Behaviors of South Dakotans, 2012: A Report of the South Dakota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Measures health risks of South Dakotans. Compares data from this survey to the Healthy People 2020 National Health Objectives as well as to the rest of the nation. Identifies populations at risk for poor health in the future. Topics include oral health, diabetes, health insurance, and HIV/AIDS among others. -- South Dakota Department of Health (Source: Rural publications via the Rural Assistance Center)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
More Natural Artificial Vision for Retinal Prosthetic Devices
In laboratory tests, researchers have used electrical stimulation of retinal cells to produce the same patterns of activity that occur when the retina sees a moving object. Although more work remains, this is a step toward restoring natural, high-fidelity vision to blind people, the researchers say. The work was funded in part by the National Institutes of Health. (Source: Disabled World)
Malawi: Global Fund Close to Nearly Full Recovery of Malawi Refund
[GFO]Malawi has a $938,000 balance remaining on some $3.3 million it has been asked to return to the Global Fund following a 2010 audit (see GFO article). (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Swaziland: Marriage a Barrier to ARVs for Women
[IPS]Mbabane -For months, Nonkululeko Msibi could not find her voice each time she wanted to share the news to her husband. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Bill Gates funding 'next generation' of skin-like super thin condoms to fight AIDS
Bill Gates, the world's richest man, has awarded an Australian university $100,000 in funding to develop skin-like condoms that can make men "want to wear one". (Source: The Independent - Science)
[World Report] Uganda takes ?another step backward? with HIV bill
Uganda recently passed a highly controversial HIV Prevention and Control Act that experts say will set back efforts to control HIV/AIDS in the country. Sharmila Devi reports. (Source: LANCET)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Diagnoses, prevalence, and state-based federal spending for HIV prevention and treatment in the United States, 2006-2009
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that state-based federal resource allocation for HIV prevention and treatment may be better aligned with HIV diagnosis and prevalence rates than previously reported; however resource allocation for HIV prevention is less aligned than funding for HIV treatment signaling the need to reexamine state-based federal funding for HIV prevention. (Source: AIDS Research and Therapy)
National Library of Medicine Announces Solicitation of Quotations for the 2014 HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Projects
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is pleased to announce the solicitation of quotations from organizations and libraries to design and conduct projects that will improve access to HIV/AIDS-related health information for patients, the affected community, and their caregivers. Projects must involve one or more of the following information access categories: Information retrieval;&nbsp; Skills development;&nbsp; Resource development; and/or&nbsp; Equipment acquisition. Emphasis is placed upon the following types of organizations or arrangements for developing these programs: Community-based organizations (CBOs) or patient advocacy groups currently providing HIV/AIDS-related services to the affected community;&nbsp; Public libraries serving communities in the provision o...
June 8 is Caribbean-American HIV/AIDS Awareness Day
On June 8, AIDSinfo joins the nation in observing Caribbean-American HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. This day serves to raise awareness of HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean, a region disproportionately affected by this disease. According to the U.S Agency for International Development (USAID), outside of sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean region has the highest HIV prevalence in the world. In addition to raising awareness, the purpose of this day is to provide information and resources about HIV/AIDS to Caribbean Americans. Explore our Caribbean-American HIV/AIDS Awareness Day webpage [en espa&ntilde;ol] to learn more about the observance and to find information about HIV/AIDS in this region of the world. (Source: AIDSinfo At-a-Glance: Offering Information on HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention, and Research, ...
Recent HIV/AIDS News from NIAID and FDA
News from NIAID June 2, 2014: Scientists Uncover Features of Antibody-Producing Cells in People Infected with HIV &quot;By analyzing the blood of almost 100 treated and untreated HIV-infected volunteers, a team of scientists has identified previously unknown characteristics of B cells in the context of HIV infection. B cells are the immune system cells that make antibodies to HIV and other pathogens. The findings augment the current understanding of how HIV disease develops and have implications for the timing of treatment.&quot; &nbsp; News from FDA &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; May 30, 2014: June 17, Workshop on HIV Cure Research - Forum for Collaborative HIV Research &nbsp; &quot;On June 17, 2014, The Forum for Collaborative HIV Research will host an all-day workshop in Washington, DC at the K...
The Immunology Quality Assessment Proficiency Testing Program for CD3(+)4(+) and CD3(+)8(+) Lymphocyte Subsets: A ten year review via longitudinal mixed effects modeling.
Authors: Bainbridge J, Wilkening CL, Rountree W, Louzao R, Wong J, Perza N, Garcia A, Denny TN Abstract Since 1999, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Division of AIDS (NIAID DAIDS) has funded the Immunology Quality Assessment (IQA) Program with the goal of assessing proficiency in basic lymphocyte subset immunophenotyping for each North American laboratory supporting the NIAID DAIDS HIV clinical trials networks. Further, the purpose of this program is to facilitate an increase in the consistency of interlaboratory T-cell subset measurement (CD3(+)4pt+/CD3(+)8(+) percentages and absolute counts) and likewise, a decrease in intralaboratory variability. IQA T-cell subset measurement proficiency testing was performed over a ten-year period (January 2003 - July 2...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Hyperreactive malarious splenomegaly and aids: a case report.
Authors: Tano ZN, Filho CE, Breganó RM, Pavanelli WR, Ruzon UG PMID: 24911828 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Infect Dis)
Will There Be a Cure for HIV/AIDS?
The recent announcements of possible "cures" in two HIV-infected babies may herald a hopeful new phase for HIV research and treatment. (Source: WebMD Health)
Long-Term Control of Viral Replication in a Group O, Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Individual
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses Jun 2014, Vol. 30, No. 6: 511-513. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Short Communication: Lower Baseline CD4 Count Is Associated with a Greater Propensity Toward Virological Failure in a Cohort of South African HIV Patients
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses Jun 2014, Vol. 30, No. 6: 531-534. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Comparison of Adherence Monitoring Tools and Correlation to Virologic Failure in a Pediatric HIV Clinical Trial
AIDS Patient Care and STDs Jun 2014, Vol. 28, No. 6: 296-302. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
HIV/AIDS and STD Updates
AIDS Patient Care and STDs Jun 2014, Vol. 28, No. 6: 327-329. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Total Daily Pill Burden in HIV-Infected Patients in the Southern United States
AIDS Patient Care and STDs Jun 2014, Vol. 28, No. 6: 311-317. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Cumulative Effects of HIV Illness and Caring for Children Orphaned by AIDS on Anxiety Symptoms Among Adults Caring for Children in HIV-Endemic South Africa
AIDS Patient Care and STDs Jun 2014, Vol. 28, No. 6: 318-326. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Namibia: Decrease in New HIV Cases
[New Era]Windhoek -With new HIV infections on the decline the Ministry of Health and Social Services has attributed the positive trend to its efforts of increasing condom distribution across the country. For the 2013/2014 financial year, government spent close to N$20 million to procure 33 million condoms. Some 27.3 million of the procured condoms have already been distributed countrywide. The popular Smile condoms and femidoms (female condom) are distributed free of charge by government. "The HIV new infection rate is going (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
South Africa: Report - an Activist's Guide to Tuberculosis Drugs
[Health-e]Developed by the independent AIDS research and policy US-based think tank, the Treatment Action Group (TAG), the 32-page guide outlines tuberculosis (TB) drugs currently in use around the world. (Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Kenya: Fake Tinder Profile Promotes Sexual Health Awareness for June
[Capital FM]Men turning to Tinder recently may have found themselves talking to Nurse Nicole, a fake profile that turns flirty conversation into a serious talk about men's health for the month of June, which is Men's Health Month in the US. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Marriage a Barrier to ARV treatment for Swazi Women
This study has helped us understand why women are either dropping out or initiating ART late,? said Okello. The 2013 Global Report of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) shows that nine out of ten Swazis remain on ART after a year. But Okello said one dropout is one too many. ?We need to understand the barriers they encounter at social level so that we help them stay on treatment,? said Okello. Dlamini recommends empowering married women with skills to negotiate access to ART, and researching how some women successfully navigate this tricky situation. One such woman is Msibi, now 24, who is on treatment together with her husband. ?When my firstborn fell seriously ill, I realised I had to disclose,? she said. Counselling from health workers helped her find the ...
Malawi: Church and Society to Distribute New Female Condoms in Nkhata-Bay
[Malawi News Agency]Nkhata-Bay -Church and Society Programme of the Synod of Livingstonia will embark on a free distribution of new female condoms in Nkhata-Bay District, to empower the females in sexuality matters. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Addressing the Growing Cancer Burden in the Wake of the AIDS Epidemic in Botswana: The BOTSOGO Collaborative Partnership
Botswana has experienced a dramatic increase in HIV-related malignancies over the past decade. The BOTSOGO collaboration sought to establish a sustainable partnership with the Botswana oncology community to improve cancer care. This collaboration is anchored by regular tumor boards and on-site visits that have resulted in the introduction of new approaches to treatment and perceived improvements in care, providing a model for partnership between academic oncology centers and high-burden countries with limited resources. (Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics)
Spatial analysis of factors associated with HIV infection among young people in Uganda, 2011
Conclusions: The study revealed associations between high-risk sexual behaviour and HIV infection. Behavioural change interventions should therefore be pertinent to the prevention of HIV. Spatial analysis further revealed a significant HIV cluster towards the Central and Eastern areas of Uganda. We propose that interventions targeting young people should initially focus on these regions and subsequently spread out across Uganda. (Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Reproductive desire in women with HIV infection in Spain, associated factors and motivations: a mixed-method study
Conclusions: The HIV-infected women interviewed in CoRIS have a high desire for children, and the factors associated with this desire are not fundamentally different from those of women in the general population. Maternity may even help them face a situation they still consider stigmatized and prefer not to disclose. Health-care protocols for handling HIV-positive women should incorporate specific interventions on sexual and reproductive health to help them fulfill their procreation desire and experience safe pregnancies. (Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Latest articles)
Nutrition and Gaelic Football: Review, Recommendations and Future Considerations.
Authors: Beasley KJ Abstract Gaelic football is the second most popular team sport in Ireland in terms of participation. However, very little research exists on the nutritional considerations for elite male Gaelic footballers. Gaelic football is an intermittent type field game played by two teams of fifteen players. Although amateurs, elite players may train and compete 4-5 times per week and may play for several teams. Research suggests that elite footballers are similar anthropometrically and in fitness to professional soccer players. Work-rate analysis shows that footballers experience longer durations of high-intensity (HI) activity (5-7s) and shorter rest durations than soccer players. Recent data suggests that half-forwards/backs perform a greater amount of HI work during gam...
The Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology (CHAVI) Multi-site Quality Assurance Program for Cryopreserved Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells.
Authors: Sarzotti-Kelsoe M, Needham LK, Rountree W, Bainbridge J, Gray CM, Fiscus SA, Ferrari G, Stevens WS, Stager SL, Binz W, Louzao R, Long KO, Mokgotho P, Moodley N, Mackay M, Kerkau M, McMillion T, Kirchherr J, Soderberg KA, Haynes BF, Denny TN Abstract The Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology (CHAVI) consortium was established to determine the host and virus factors associated with HIV transmission, infection and containment of virus replication, with the goal of advancing the development of an HIV protective vaccine. Studies to meet this goal required the use of cryopreserved Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell (PBMC) specimens, and therefore it was imperative that a quality assurance (QA) oversight program be developed to monitor PBMC samples obtained from study participant...
Introduction for JIM Special Issue: Building Global Resource Programs to Support HIV/AIDS Clinical Trial Studies.
Authors: Sanchez AM, Denny TN, O'Gorman M PMID: 24910413 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Immunological Methods)
MSF Frontline Reports
In this edition, reports on how a neglected disease continues to cause blindness in people living with HIV/AIDS in Southeast Asia, on India's hidden war in Chhattisgarh state, and on the evolution of MSF's response to post-election violence in Kenya. (Source: MSF News)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
NLM Request for Quotations: HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Projects 2014
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is pleased to announce the solicitation of quotations from organizations and libraries to design and conduct projects that will improve access to HIV/AIDS related health information for patients, the affected community, and their caregivers. Projects must involve one or more of the following information access categories: Information retrieval; Skills [&#8230;] (Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog)
Africa: Female Condoms, Cows that Smell Like Humans, and Touch-Screen Patient Feedback Tools Among New Gates-Funded Projects
[Gates Foundation] The Gates Foundation's Grand Challenges Explorations initiative rewards bold ideas to tackle global health and development challenges (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Namibia: Youth Invited to Give Proposals On HIV, Aids Prevention Promotion
[New Era]Windhoek -The United States (US) Embassy in Namibia through the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, also known as PEPFAR is inviting any young person from school goers to non school goers to submit proposals for the promotion of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) prevention among the youth between the ages of 10 to 19 years. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Malawi: Phalombe Earmarked for Mobile Clinics
[Malawi News Agency]Phalombe -Phalombe District will soon have mobile clinics as one way of improving health services courtesy of Global Aids Interfaith Alliance (GAIA). Speaking at a recent District Executive Committee (DEC) Meeting that was held at the Boma, GAIA project officer, Alice Bvumbwe said the aim of the mobile clinic project is to prevent the spread of HIV and improve the quality of life of thousands of people living with HIV mostly in rural areas. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Uganda: Fewer Ugandans Dying of Aids - UAC
[Observer]Pallisa district leaders have reported a 0.2 per cent increase in the rate of new infections, bringing the rate of infection to 3.4 per cent from 3.2 in 2012. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Uganda: More Men Free With Sex Workers
[Observer]Some men find it easier to express themselves freely with sex workers than with their wives, a survey has found. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Tanzania: PLWAS in Katavi, Rukwa Find ARVs Uncomfortable
[Daily News]Sumbawanga -ABOUT 5,013 people living with HIV/Aids in Rukwa and Katavi regions have stopped taking anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs) for several reasons, one of them being that they feel uncomfortable taking them daily. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Starting out - Advocating for our friend drew on knowledge from my nurse training.
Authors: Price H Abstract During university training, we learned about the promotion of continence and the use of continence aids for patients who are unable to maintain their own elimination needs. PMID: 24894240 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Informed Decision-Making Regarding Amputation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I.
CONCLUSIONS: Informed decision-making regarding amputation for CRPS-I remains a complex process for which little evidence is available to support patient choices; patient-specific outcomes are not predictable. However, amputation should not be ignored as a treatment option for long-standing therapy-resistant CRPS-I.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID: 24897741 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume)
Retrospective On The All-In-One Retroviral Nucleocapsid Protein.
Authors: Darlix JL, de Rocquigny H, Mauffret O, Mély Y Abstract This review aims at briefly presenting a retrospect on the retroviral nucleocapsid protein (NC), from an unspecific nucleic acid binding protein (NABP) to an all-in-one viral protein with multiple key functions in the early and late phases of the retrovirus replication cycle, notably reverse transcription of the genomic RNA and viral DNA integration into the host genome, and selection of the genomic RNA together with the initial steps of virus morphogenesis, respectively. In this context we will discuss the notion that NC protein has a flexible conformation and is thus a member of the growing family of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDP) where disorder may account, at least in part, for its functions as a nucleic ...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Visual enhancement of auditory beat perception across auditory interference levels.
This study dealt with audiovisual rhythm perception involving an observed movement. Two experiments investigated whether a visual beat conveyed by a bouncing human point-light figure facilitated beat perception of concurrent auditory rhythms, and whether this enhancement followed a profile of multisensory integration. In Experiment 1, participants listened to three repetitions of a metrically simple rhythm and detected a perturbation in the third repetition. The rhythm was presented alone or with a visual beat in phase to it. Both conditions were presented with or without an auditory interference sequence at four increasing tempi, which served to progressively weaken the beat of the auditory rhythm. In Experiment 2, participants tapped to a regular auditory beat in the same combinations of...
Spectrum of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in an Urban Ryan White-Funded Clinic in the Established Antiretroviral Era
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Manipulation skills of hearing aids open fit hearing aids for hearing impaired elderly
Conclusion 55,55% of hearing impaired elderly performed the tasks for properly handling the open fit hearing aids, obtaining the final ranking instrument PHAST excellent or good. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Make Someone?s Day Lucky
Last weekend my husband, son, and dad played in a disc golf tournament at a nearby county park. My daughter and I wanted to watch them throw a few discs and hopefully cheer them on to victory, so once we wrapped up our morning activities we drove out to the park. We had just climbed out of the car and were preparing to coat ourselves in sunscreen when a woman came running out a nearby grove of trees. In my direction ? and in the general direction of all those in the parking lot ? the woman shouted, ?do any of you have a bandage?!? One man completely ignored the woman?s request, while another couple began searching frantically through their bags. When the couple came up empty handed, I walked calmly to my trunk, popped it open, and pulled out my trusty American Red Cross first aid...
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP) Atlas
Provides access to state and county-level data on HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Click the query tab to change selections. -- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Source: Rural web sites and other tools via the Rural Assistance Center)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Physiotherapy intervention as a complementary treatment for people living with HIV/AIDS
Pullen SD, Chigbo NN, Nwigwe EC, Chukwuka CJ, Amah CC, Idu SC (Source: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management)
South Africa: My Friend Died Even Though He Knew About HIV
[Health-e]After the passing of a friend, OurHealth Tshwane citizen journalist Tshilidzi Tuwani writes about how the battle to accept our HIV statuses may go on longer than many think. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: As Campaign to Prevent HIV Moves to Brazil World Cup
[Independent]To say that HIV is a global menace that needs every available strategy to stem it, is to state the obvious. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Tanzania: Public Sector Employees More Vulnerable to HIV/Aids
[Arusha Times]Employees in the public sector could be much more exposed to contracting HIV/Aids and chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer and blood pressure, it was revealed here last week. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Measuring Progress in Neglected Disease Drug Development.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased funding through PDPs for neglected disease drug development seems to be producing results. Approvals and products in Phase III testing have shown a steady increase since 2000, with nearly a doubling of products in 2009-2013, compared with 2000-2008, in terms of the annual average yield. However, only 3 new molecular entities have been approved in 14 years. In addition, malaria and HIV (pediatric indications) seem to have benefited most from increased funding, whereas less success has occurred with other diseases. Inclusion of newly approved products on the EDL has been slow and limited, with only 44% of new approvals added to the list. Uneven progress suggests funding could be better targeted. In addition, PDPs could do more to facilitate access, in particular by wor...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Nigeria: Provide 65 Million Units of Condoms to Football Supporters - Ladipo
[Vanguard]President-General, Nigerian Football Supporters' Club, Rauf Ladipo has said that the United Nations Agency for the prevention of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (UNAIDS) would be paying lip service to the fight against the scourge if attempts are not made to provide at least 65 million units of condoms to football supporters from around the globe that would converge in Brazil for the 2014 World Cup. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Welcome HIVE UCL!
On 1st June 2014 our Expansion Coordinator Kesh headed to London to meet with the newly established HIVE University College London (UCL) committee for their first training day! The committee, despite having only formed in March this year, have already been hard at work making links with the UCL Volunteering  Service Unit and establishing themselves as an official organisation within the university. The committee consists of 7 enthusiastic students from a range of disciplines and year groups and who are all excited to raise awareness and deliver education about HIV. HIVE?s expansion to London is all the more important with the knowledge that the prevalence of HIV is highest in the countries capital. In 2013 18 of the 20 of the local authorities with the highest prevalence of HIV in the U...
Angola: UNAIDS Urges Pregnant Women to Adhere to HIV/Aids Test
[ANGOP]Luanda -The director of UNAIDS in Angola, Sihaka Tsemo Friday in Luanda called on pregnant women to adhere to voluntary testing of HIV/AIDS in order to reduce the epidemic by 90 percent by 2015. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Zimbabwe: Pregnancy, Parenthood and the Teenager
[The Herald]Teenage pregnancy is a controversial issue which has affected quite a number of teenagers in our society. Besides having to drop out of school, teenage pregnancy can affect the young mothers physically and mentally since they are not prepared to cope with being pregnant, as well as being parents. The effects can be long-term on short-term depending on the mother's situation. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Utilization of ancillary studies in the cytologic diagnosis of biliary and pancreatic lesions: The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology Guidelines
Lester J. Layfield, Hormoz Ehya, Armando C. Filie, Ralph H. Hruban, Nirag Jhala, Loren Joseph, Philippe Vielh, Martha B. PitmanCytoJournal 2014 11(2):28-39The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology has developed a set of guidelines for pancreatobiliary cytology including indications for endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration, terminology and nomenclature of pancreatobiliary disease, ancillary testing and post-biopsy management. All documents are based on the expertise of the authors, a review of the literature, discussion of the draft document at several national and international meetings and synthesis of selected online comments of the draft document. This document presents the results of these discussions regarding the use of ancillary testing in the cytologic diagnosis of b...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
The Pediatric AIDS Corps: A 5-Year Evaluation
This study describes the composition and evaluation of a long-term global health corps program. Other groups interested in long-term physician placement in resource-limited areas will be able to use these data while developing their program. (Read the full article) (Source: PEDIATRICS)
'Big Push' To Reduce Maternal Mortality In Uganda And Zambia Enhanced Health Systems But Lacked A Sustainability Plan [Global Health]
In the past decade, "big push" global health initiatives financed by international donors have aimed to rapidly reach ambitious health targets in low-income countries. The health system impacts of these efforts are infrequently assessed. Saving Mothers, Giving Life is a global public-private partnership that aims to reduce maternal mortality dramatically in one year in eight districts in Uganda and Zambia. We evaluated the first six to twelve months of the program&rsquo;s implementation, its ownership by national ministries of health, and its effects on health systems. The project&rsquo;s impact on maternal mortality is not reported here. We found that the Saving Mothers, Giving Life initiative delivered a large "dose" of intervention quickly by capitalizing on existing US international he...
Screening For HIV In Jails And Prisons [Letters]
(Source: Health Affairs)
Screening Inmates For HIV: The Authors Reply [Letters]
(Source: Health Affairs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Utilization of ancillary studies in the cytologic diagnosis of biliary and pancreatic lesions: The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology Guidelines
Lester J. Layfield, Hormoz Ehya, Armando C. Filie, Ralph H. Hruban, Nirag Jhala, Loren Joseph, Philippe Vielh, Martha B. PitmanCytoJournal 2014 11(2):4-4The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology has developed a set of guidelines for pancreatobiliary cytology including indications for endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration, terminology and nomenclature of pancreatobiliary disease, ancillary testing and post-biopsy management. All documents are based on the expertise of the authors, a review of the literature, discussion of the draft document at several national and international meetings and synthesis of selected online comments of the draft document. This document presents the results of these discussions regarding the use of ancillary testing in the cytologic diagnosis of bil...
Trypanosoma cruzi Meningoencephalitis in a Patient with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
We report a case of CNS Chagas reactivation in an AIDS patient successfully treated with benznidazole and antiretroviral therapy in the United States. PMID: 24891470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene)
The Normal Heart, Sky Atlantic, review: 'poignant yet bleak'
Ryan Murphy's adaptation of the Broadway play is a reminder of Aids and prejudice (Source: Telegraph Health)
Zimbabwe: Furore Over Use of HIV Drug
[Zimbabwe Standard]Post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for HIV infection was initially a preserve for medical staff exposed to the virus and victims of rape. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Angola: Reinforcement of Physicians Training Among Strategy to Fight Aids
[ANGOP]Ndalatando -The provincial director of Health in northern Cuanza Norte, Manuel Duarte Varela, said on Saturday in Ndalatando, that the reinforcement of the training of physicians is the main strategy adopted at local level to achieve the zero level of new infections and elimination of discrimination. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Social Support and Social Undermining as Explanatory Factors for Health-Related Quality of Life in People Living With HIV/AIDS
(Source: Journal of Health Communication)
Ocular manifestations seen in HIV
There were an estimated 34 million people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections at the end of 2011 globally, with 2.5 million new infections in 2011. The later stages of HIV infection, termed clinically as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), are defined as CD4+ T-lymphocytes being profoundly diminished ( (Source: Disease a Month)
Cardiac Troponin I Concentrations in Dyspneic Cats With and Without Heart Disease
Stabilization of cats with respiratory emergencies can often be difficult. Because even minimal stress may cause decompensation and death, examinations and diagnostic testing prior to treatment are often limited. Dyspnea in cats may be caused by asthma, obstruction of the upper airway, neoplasia, infection, pleural space disease, and heart failure. A minimally invasive diagnostic test that aids in the identification of patients with heart failure would be useful. Previous reports have suggested that the circulating cardiac troponin I (cTnI) concentration is helpful in distinguishing cats with dyspnea from those with underlying heart disease. (Source: Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery)
Community consensus statement on the use of antiretroviral therapy in preventing HIV transmission
http://www.hivt4p.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Community-consensus-statement-with-appendices-and-references.pdf 1. This is a community consensus statement on the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) to reduce the risk of HIV transmission from people living with HIV. It does not cover the provision of antiretroviral drugs to people who are HIV negative to reduce their risk of acquiring HIV (pre-exposure prophylaxis, PrEP). It is also not specifically about access to ART in general. (Source: Reproductive Health Matters)
Bookshelf: Reproduction, Globalization, and the State: New Theoretical and Ethnographic Perspectives
Reproduction, Globalization, and the State conceptualizes and puts into practice a global anthropology of reproduction and reproductive health. Leading anthropologists offer new perspectives on how transnational migration and global flows of communications, commodities, and biotechnologies affect the reproductive lives of women and men in diverse societies throughout the world. Based on research in Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Western Europe, their fascinating ethnographies provide insight into reproduction and reproductive health broadly conceived to encompass population control, HIV/AIDS, assisted reproductive technologies, paternity tests, sex work, and humanitarian assistance. The contributors address the methodological challenges of research on globalization, including ways of comb...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
[Treatment of nonmetastatic prostate cancer : A systematic review of interactive, personalized patient decision aids].
CONCLUSIONS: Currently personalized patient decision aids for treatment of nonmetastatic prostate cancer are only available in English. These tools can facilitate the shared decision making process for patients and physicians. Therefore, comparable decision aids should be developed in German. PMID: 24903837 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A)
An early stage evaluation of the supporting program for obstetric care underserved areas in Korea.
Authors: Na BJ, Kim HJ, Lee JY Abstract "The Supporting Program for Obstetric Care Underserved Areas (SPOU)" provides financial aids to rural community (or district) hospitals to reopen prenatal care and delivery services for regions without obstetrics and gynecology clinics or hospitals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early stage effect of the SPOU program. The proportion of the number of birth through SPOU was calculated by each region. Also survey was conducted to investigate the extent of overall satisfaction, elements of dissatisfaction, and suggestions for improvement of the program; 209 subjects participated from 7 to 12 December, 2012. Overall, 20% of pregnant women in Youngdong (71 cases) and Gangjin (106 cases) used their community (or district) hospitals t...
Fetal aortic valvuloplasty: investigating institutional bias in surgical decision making
ConclusionsThis method may improve interpretation of outcomes in multicentre studies by identifying and investigating outliers identified in funnel plots. (Source: Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Missing in action: inclusion and exclusion in the first days of AIDS in The Netherlands
Abstract Approaches combining social and political theory with ontology have rarely been utilised in the evaluation of decision?making processes. Drawing on such an approach clarifies the questions that still need to be asked about the policy response to HIV/AIDS in The Netherlands in the early 1980s. The initial response in The Netherlands is internationally regarded as an example of successful cooperation between public authorities, health organisations, blood banks and the gay movement. In comparison with other countries, deeply dividing social conflicts as well as dramatic medical disasters were avoided. This image, however, is misleading. Although it was on a smaller scale than the disasters with contaminated blood products in other countries, The Netherlands had their blood scandal...
Comprehensive and temporal analysis of secreted proteins in the medium from IL-6 exposed human hepatocyte.
In this report, we utilized this method, which uses 7-chloro-N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole-4-sulfonamide (DAABD-Cl) as the FD reagent, to comprehensively and time-dependently analyze secreted proteins in the medium, including sAPR proteins. Since DAABD-Cl selectively reacts with thiol moieties of cysteinyl residues, direct derivatization, high-resolution LC separation and identification of the secreted proteins in the culture medium were successfully achieved without a pretreatment step. As a result, 14 sAPR proteins were identified simultaneously during a 72?h induction by IL-6. The secretion levels of 11 proteins increased, whereas the secretion levels of three important transport proteins decreased (albumin, retinol-binding protein 4 and transthyretin). In addition, ...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Working Cambodian Women ?Too Poor? to Have Children
Women in Cambodia?s garments sector work 10-12 hours a day. Credit: Michelle Tolson/IPSBy Michelle TolsonPHNOM PENH, May 31 2014 (IPS) The movement for reproductive justice sees women?s decision to have ? or not have ? children as a fundamental right. Should they choose to bear a child, women should have the right to care and provide for them; if they opt not to give birth, family planning services should be made available to enable women to space or prevent pregnancies. In Cambodia, where women make up 60 percent of the population of 14 million people, this fundamental right is being trampled by insecure labour contracts, toxic working conditions and a near-total absence of maternity benefits for working mothers. Take Cambodia?s garments industry, a massive sector that accounts ...
Factors associated with pre-marital sexual debut among unmarried high school female students in bahir Dar town, Ethiopia: cross- sectional study
Conclusion: Significant proportion of unmarried high school female students have started pre-marital sexual debut. The finding suggests the need for communicating and supporting school students to help them make informed and safer decisions on their sexual behavior. Therefore, Bahir dar city administration health and education bureau should design persistent and effective health education to decrease pre-marital sexual debut in unmarried female students. (Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations)
Weighted-incidence syndromic combination antibiograms to guide empiric treatment of critical care infections: a retrospective cohort study
Conclusions: WISCA-derived empiric antimicrobial regimens can be calculated for patients with intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired infections, and have the potential to reduce time to adequate treatment. Prospective research must confirm whether implementation of WISCA prescribing aids facilitate timely adequate treatment and improved ICU outcomes. (Source: Critical Care)
SIC UK Alumni
One of the newest projects the SIC National Committee are enthusiastic to get started on is the establishment of a valued, prominent and dynamic alumni. We know how important the work of former SIC volunteers is and are so grateful for the thought and effort that you have put in. SIC UK has evolved into a successful and respected charity at all of our university sites and that is due to the ideas and hard work of our committed former members, particularly in recent years. We would like to maintain close contact with you, send you our quarterly newsletter, have you as guests at our annual conference and also meet socially several times a year so that we can keep hearing your valued ideas and making progress. Of course, we?d love your help with a bit of fundraising too! We?re hoping to h...
SIC UK reaching new heights
In April, in an effort to keep up with the sporting exploits of my fellow National Committee members(without actually having to do any running) I signed up to abseil off the roof of the Royal Liverpool Hospital, one of the highest points in Merseyside. &#8216;How hard can it be? Its not that high, just like being on the top floor of the hospital. Its basically just controlled falling, not that hard.&#8217; Turns out that was just wishful thinking. It really WAS that high and pretty windy too! Trying hard to focus on the fantastic views rather than the VERY big drop, I listened carefully to the marshals to pick up some hints and tips &#8211; &#8220;try not to get your foot stuck in that bit; it won&#8217;t be a big problem but you may end up dangling upside down by your foot&#8221;&#8230;.r...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Duration of residence and disease occurrence among refugees and family reunited immigrants: test of the ?healthy migrant effect? hypothesis
ConclusionOur analyses of the effect of duration of residence on disease occurrence among migrants imply that, when explaining migrants' advantageous health outcomes, the ruling theory of the HME should be used with caution, and other explanatory models should be included. (Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health)
Get Healthy Together: A Program to Improve Counseling for Childhood Obesity in Community-based WIC Clinics.
Authors: Lockner DW, Kibbe D, Marley SC, Trowbridge F Abstract Counseling parents of overweight children is a sensitive issue that has been reported to be difficult for many health professionals. The Get Healthy Together (GHT) project involved an 18-month intervention that provided skills training and new tools to Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program staff and a staff wellness program to improve the physical self-concept and functioning of WIC employees. All WIC staff from the 48 WIC clinics in New Mexico participated in this study. The design used random assignment to intervention or control condition. Staff participating in the Get Healthy Together project reported improved confidence in their ability to counsel parents of overweight children and improved counseling skills ...
Identification of central nervous system involvement for patients with AIDS-related lymphomas
Patients with AIDS-related lymphomas may face an increased risk of central nervous system involvement (CNSi) compared to other lymphomas. The effect of CNSi on survival outcomes, however, hasn't been thoroughly examined until now. Infection with human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, greatly increases a person's risk of being diagnosed with many lymphomas. AIDS-related lymphomas (ARL), which include diffuse large cell lymphomas and small noncleaved cell lymphomas, are particularly aggressive forms of disease. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Africa: View On Gender - a Menu of Choices for HIV Prevention
[SciDev.Net]Giving sex workers HIV drugs before they are at risk of infection - in a strategy called pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) - is showing promise as a public health strategy, a Guardian report highlighted recently. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Uganda: Activists Petition Museveni On HIV
[Observer]Civil society groups have urged President Museveni not to endorse the HIV/Aids Prevention and Control Bill, which criminalises intentional transmission of the disease. In their May 21 petition, Uganda Network on Law, Ethics and HIV/AIDS (UGANET), Global Network for People Living with HIV, and International Treatment Preparedness Coalition, asked the president to show leadership by refusing to assent to the legislation. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Tanzania: Male Cut Campaigns Going On Smoothly, Says Lukuvi
[Daily News]Dodoma -CIRCUMCISION campaigns in the country as a way of addressing the HIV/AIDs pandemic were going on smoothly, the Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office (Policy, Coordination and Parliamentary Affairs), Mr William Lukuvi, has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Identification of central nervous system involvement for patients with AIDS-related lymphomas
(Fox Chase Cancer Center) Patients with AIDS-related lymphomas may face an increased risk of central nervous system involvement (CNSi) compared to other lymphomas. The effect of CNSi on survival outcomes, however, hasn't been thoroughly examined until now. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Prosthetic rehabilitation after orbital exenteration: A case series
Gunjan Pruthi, Veena Jain, Suresh Rajendiran, Ritu JhaIndian Journal of Ophthalmology 2014 62(5):629-632Orbital exenteration is executed by the ophthalmic surgeon to treat various neoplasms or non-malignant diseases. But it leads to several functional, esthetic and psychological problems for the patients. Orbital prosthesis is a good alternative for cosmetic and psychological rehabilitation, if reconstructive surgery is not possible or not desired by the patient. In the following article, different materials and retentive aids for fabrication of an orbital prosthesis given in the literature along with few novel methods have been discussed for four patients who underwent orbital exenteration. Factors that an ophthalmic surgeon should consider during surgery, which may later on help the pros...
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Nef Protein Links to a Host T-cell Kinase as Part of the Viral Life Cycle&diams; [Papers of the Week]
? See referenced article, J. Biol. Chem. 2014, 289, 15718?15728 Studies have shown that the Tec/Btk family of cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinases, which are expressed in cells that are hosts for HIV-1, are important for viral replication. However, the molecular connection between HIV-1 infection and Tec family kinase activation was previously unknown. In this Paper of the Week, a team led by Tom Smithgall at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine used a cell-based GFP fluorescence complementation approach to show that HIV Nef interacts with a subset of kinases from the Tec family, including Itk, Btk, and Bmx, through their SH3 domains. This interaction led to constitutive kinase activity, which correlates with enhanced HIV-1 infectivity and replication in cell culture. Their ...
Bias Claims for Insurers in Coverage of H.I.V.
Two health care advocacy groups filed a complaint against CoventryOne, Cigna, Humana and Preferred Medical Plan for what they said was discrimination in Florida. (Source: NYT)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
SJ runs le Marathon de Paris
Several months ago, and in perhaps a state of delirium on a night shift, I decided to sign up for the Paris marathon to raise money for SIC. It was a big undertaking for me as I had never run that kind of distance before, and I started the training about 4 months before the event. I found it difficult to fit in much training around my paediatric rota and the big day arrived sooner than anticipated! I was nervous, excited and also scared of not being able to finish. Energy gels chosen, my main aim was just to complete the 26.2miles! The run was beautiful, taking in the sights of Paris and the weather was perfect. Helped by the crowd, I managed to finish the race in one piece, and was pleased with my time of 4.33. The support I had from my friends, family and colleagues was brilliant. It wa...
Clare doesn?t do things by halves!?
In 2013 a few of the SIC UK National Committee embarked on the challenge of running the Bath Half Marathon. The fundraising success and marked improvement in fitness (albeit temporary) encouraged Clare Smith (Chair) to sign her and her dad (Peter Smith) up for the 2014 challenge. Atleast this year Peter had some advanced warning and trained for longer than two weeks! January came round quickly and it was time to begin training. We had a training plan that consisted of short and long runs, gym sessions, spinning and of course body pump! Sadly last years competitors (Francesca Curry and Matthew Sprague) had migrated to the sunshine of Australia and so were unable to join in. We will let them off though after their fantastic shark swim fundraising efforts (see blog)! On the morning of the ha...
Insurers Accused of HIV Discrimination
Patient advocacy groups are using antidiscrimination provisions in the health-care law as the basis of a complaint against insurers they say are trying to deter consumers with HIV and AIDS. (Source: WSJ.com: Health)
Cancer patients in Senegal denied morphine treatment video
Clips from an upcoming documentary, Unreported World, show how people in Senegal with cancer often have no access to morphine and other pain relief due to bureaucracy in the healthcare system. The documentary, by Krishnan Guru-Murthy, explores how cancer kills more people in Africa than Aids, TB and malaria combined. But controversy surrounding morphine means many adults and children are left with just paracetamol to combat the chronic pain the illness brings Krishnan Guru-Murthy's Unreported World Africa's Drugs Scandal is on Channel 4 on Friday 30 May at 7.30pm or can be viewed online at 4OD Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Projects 2014
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is pleased to announce the solicitation of quotations from organizations and libraries to design and conduct projects that will improve access to HIV/AIDS related health information for patients, the affected community, and their caregivers. Projects must involve one or more of the following information access categories: Information retrieval; Skills development; Resource development; and/or Equipment Acquisition Emphasis is placed upon the following types of organizations or arrangements for developing these programs: Community-based organizations (CBOs) or patient advocacy groups currently providing HIV/AIDS related serves to the affected community; Public libraries serving communities in the provision of HIV/AIDS-related information and resourc...
Study Backs Isoniazid for HIV Patients on ART in High TB AreasStudy Backs Isoniazid for HIV Patients on ART in High TB Areas
Isoniazid can reduce the risk of tuberculosis in HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy, according to a new clinical trial. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
High-Risk Behavior of HIV/AIDS among Females Sex Workers in Bangladesh: Survey in Rajshahi City.
Authors: Uddin SM, Hossain MG, Islam MA, Islam MN, Aik S, Kamarul T Abstract Female sex workers (FSWs) and their clients are one of the major sources of spread of HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of unprotected sex among FSWs in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh. A total of 200 FSWs were randomly selected for the survey from February to September 2012. The age range of FSWs was 16-41 years (average age, 24.52 ± 6.26 years), and the majority of these women (84.4%) were married. More than 88% of FSWs reported practicing unprotected sex because of clients' insistence. Further analysis showed a significantly higher rate of protected sex among unmarried FSWs (P &lt; 0.01). Approximately 32% of FSWs did not undergo voluntary counseling and testing (VCT...
Government mulls bringing cancer, AIDS drugs under price control
NPPA is looking at bringing medicines used for treating diseases such as cancer, AIDS and malaria under the price control mechanism. (Source: The Economic Times)
Zimbabwe: Mudede Anti-Contraceptive Rant Slammed As 'Dangerous'
[SW Radio]Registrar General Tobaiwa Mudede's weekend rant against the use of contraceptives has angered many Zimbabweans, with HIV/AIDS activists calling it 'dangerous'. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Scripps Research Institute scientists win $13 million grant in AIDS vaccine effort
(Scripps Research Institute) A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute has received a grant of more than $13 million from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease of the National Institutes of Health to study antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -- which will play an essential role in the creation of any effective vaccine against HIV. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
[Gait disorders in the elderly.]
Authors: Amadori K, Püllen R, Steiner T Abstract Gait disorders are one of the most common gerontoneurological symptoms. Falls that occasionally cause severe injuries are highly relevant consequences. A clinical neurological examination and inspectoral gait analysis are the core investigations of the diagnostic process, which yields hypotheses with respect to the impaired structures as well as to specific diagnostic measures. The supplemental motor assessment quantifies the resulting impairment of mobility and risk of falling with the help of well-established instruments. Characteristic of gait disorders in the elderly are the multifactorial causes which make the complete identification, correct prioritization and adequate treatment the biggest challenges. The therapeutic concept ...
Increased risk of dialysis and end-stage renal disease among HIV patients in Denmark compared with the background population
Conclusions The risk of aRRT is increased more than 4-fold and the risk of cRRT is increased more than 3-fold in HIV patients in Denmark compared with the background population. We found no association between exposure to tenofovir, atazanavir or the combination of the two and risk of aRRT or cRRT. (Source: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation)
Accuracy of Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid to detect Cervical Cancer Precursors Among HIV?infected Women in Kenya
Abstract Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA) is becoming a more widely recommended and implemented screening tool for cervical cancer prevention programs in low?resource settings. Many of these settings have a high prevalence of HIV?infected women. We carried out a cross?sectional validation study to define the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of VIA among HIV?infected women. Women enrolled in HIV?care at the Family AIDS Care and Education Services clinic in Kisumu, Kenya were recruited for participation. All participants underwent VIA followed by colposcopy performed by a second, blinded clinician. At colposcopy, lesions suspicious for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 or greater (CIN2+) were biopsied. Disease status was determined by final histopathologic ...
Removing cellulase inhibition aids enzymatic sugar production
(Source: Biotechnology and Bioengineering)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
The proteome and phosphoproteome of Neurospora crassa in response to cellulose, sucrose and carbon starvation.
Authors: Xiong Y, Coradetti ST, Li X, Gritsenko MA, Clauss T, Petyuk V, Camp D, Smith R, Cate JH, Yang F, Louise Glass N Abstract Improving cellulolytic enzyme production by plant biomass degrading fungi holds great potential in reducing costs associated with production of next-generation biofuels generated from lignocellulose. How fungi sense cellulosic materials and respond by secreting enzymes has mainly been examined by assessing function of transcriptional regulators and via transcriptional profiling. Here, we obtained global proteomic and phosphoproteomic profiles of the plant biomass degrading filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa grown on different carbon sources, i.e. sucrose, no carbon, and cellulose, by performing isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iT...
LL-37 Concentrations and the Relationship to Vitamin D, Immune Status, and Inflammation in HIV-Infected Children and Young Adults
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Galectin-9 Is Rapidly Released During Acute HIV-1 Infection and Remains Sustained at High Levels Despite Viral Suppression Even in Elite Controllers
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Learning to deal constructively with troubled conscience related to care providers' perceptions of deficient teamwork in residential care of older people ? a participatory action research study
Conscience can be perceived as an asset that helps care providers to provide good care, but it can also be a burden that generates stress of conscience (stress related to a troubled conscience). Participatory action research (PAR) has been shown to be successful in supporting care providers in residential care of older people to learn to deal with their troubled conscience in challenging and demanding care situations. The aim of the study was to describe an intervention process to assist care providers in residential care of older people to constructively deal with their troubled conscience related to perceptions of deficient teamwork. The study design was grounded in PAR. Nine enrolled nurses (ENs), two nursing aids (NAs), one Registered Nurse (RN) and their manager participated in 12 PAR...
Kenya: Kenya Concerns About Rising MDR-TB Reflect Regional Public Health Challenge
[GFO]As regional leader in treatment, those escaping violence, or a lack of diagnostic ability and drugs, end up in Kenya (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Africa: New Funding Model - a Modern Approach
[GFO]David Garmaise opens his commentary with an accurate observation: He had a misperception. But he arrives at a conclusion that is wrong. The consequences of the new funding model were not, in fact, unanticipated. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Africa: Transition to the NFM Marred By Unanticipated Consequences
[GFO]The letters sent on 12 March to the 123 countries eligible for Global Fund grants should have been heralded in Geneva with trumpets and the popping of champagne corks. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Africa: Five Key Recommendations From Icaso for Civil Society in Global Fund Country Dialogue
[GFO]Finding their voice and their place at the table will go a long way towards inclusion in the proposal development process, says ICASO (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Djibouti: Djibouti to Seek No-Cost Extension of HIV Grant
[GFO]Extension should help marshal technical assistance ahead of integrated HIV/TB proposal (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: No Cause for Panic As Kenya Faces Steep Cuts to Aids Funding
[Key Correspondents]In the chilly morning air, a 10 kilometer walk through the hills of Kisii in Kenya's Nyanza province is not exactly an easy start to the morning, but William Ong'eni is not complaining. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Angola: Angola - Over 200,000 People Live With HIV Virus
[ANGOP]Luanda -At least 200,000 people live with the virus of the human immunodeficiency (HIV ) in Angola, said Tuesday in Luanda the director of the National Institute of Combat of AIDS ( INLS ), Dulcelina Serrano. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
An analysis of FDA-approved drugs for infectious disease: HIV/AIDS drugs.
Authors: Kinch MS, Patridge E Abstract HIV/AIDS is one of the worst pandemics in history. According to the World Health Organization, 26 million people have died since 1981-1.6 million in 2012 alone. The dramatic rise in HIV/AIDS mobilized a swift and impressive coordination among governmental, academic and private sector organizations to identify the virus and develop new treatments. Herein, we assess the arsenal of 28 new molecular entities (NMEs) targeting HIV/AIDS. These data demonstrate that the first approval of zidovudine presaged an expansion of the antiviral repertoire over the following years. Whereas the rate of HIV/AIDS NMEs is rapidly declining, so is the number of organizations developing NMEs. We speculate that decisions to abandon further research reflect, in part, ...
Kids More Likely Than Adults to Be Resistant to HIV Meds
Fortunately, most infected youngsters with respond to newer medicines, researchers say Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: HIV/AIDS Medicines, Medicines and Children (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Will Insurers Have to Cover the HIV Prevention Pill?
(MedPage Today) -- A reader asks: Now that the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends a daily pill to prevent infection with the virus that causes AIDS, will my insurer be required to cover the drug at no cost to me? (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Namibia: Man Concludes HIV/Aids Awareness Walk
[New Era]Windhoek -Immanuel Sheefeni who last week embarked on a 700-kilometre walk from Ongwediva to Windhoek with the purpose of raising awareness on HIV/AIDS arrived in Windhoek yesterday. He was met by friends and family at the Brakwater roadblock. Although not many in number, they were happy to see him - hugging and congratulating him on accomplishing his mission. Sheefeni' s childhood friend Paavo Shapata, when asked to comment on his friend's campaign, said: "He made the impossible possible. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Simplified ART Regimen Enhances Adherence and SatisfactionSimplified ART Regimen Enhances Adherence and Satisfaction
Keeping the ART regimen simple proves to be more convenient, and resulted in improved adherence and better role functioning for HIV-infected patients. HIV Medicine (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Cameroon: Prof. Koulla-Shiro Receives WHO Award
[Cameroon Tribune]She was rewarded for her research in microbiology, transmissible diseases and HIV/AIDS at the 67th World Assembly on Public Health. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Nigeria: 100 HIV-Free Births Excite Gwagwalada
[Daily Trust]Authorities in Gwagwalada Area Council of Abuja are hoping to push forward a programme that helped prevent HIV transmission to more than 100 babies born to HIV-positive mothers last year. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Liberia: Network of People Living With HIV
[NEWS]The Liberia Network of People Living with HIV (LIBNEP+) on Sunday joined the rest of the world to celebrate this year's Global AIDS Week of Action (GAWA). (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Liberia: AIDS Commission Provides Update
[NEWS]The National AIDS Commission (NAC) says Liberia is experiencing a low level generalized HIV epidemic whose prevalence has increased slightly over the past seven years in the general population. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Kenya: MSF Launches New Project to Curb Spread of HIV in Western Kenya
[MSF]Ndhiwa in western Kenya has one of the highest rates of HIV infection in the world. But that is set to change as international medical organisation MSF teams up with County and Sub County health authorities to stop the epidemic in its tracks. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
South Africa: Report - South Africa's 2012 National Antenatal HIV Survey
[Health-e]Recently released by the National Department of Health, the survey shows that about a third of pregnant women in the country are living with HIV. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
HAART restores the frequency of regulatory T cells (Tregs) among HIV/AIDS patients
No description available (Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations)
Cryptosporidiosis in HIV/AIDS Patients in Kenya: Clinical Features, Epidemiology, Molecular Characterization and Antibody Responses.
Authors: Wanyiri JW, Kanyi H, Maina S, Wang DE, Steen A, Ngugi P, Kamau T, Waithera T, O'Connor R, Gachuhi K, Wamae CN, Mwamburi M, Ward HD Abstract We investigated the epidemiological and clinical features of cryptosporidiosis, the molecular characteristics of infecting species and serum antibody responses to three Cryptosporidium-specific antigens in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients in Kenya. Cryptosporidium was the most prevalent enteric pathogen and was identified in 56 of 164 (34%) of HIV/AIDS patients, including 25 of 70 (36%) with diarrhea and 31 of 94 (33%) without diarrhea. Diarrhea in patients exclusively infected with Cryptosporidium was significantly associated with the number of children per household, contact with a...
Nigeria: Sure-P to Control HIV/Aids With N8 Billion
[Daily Trust]Lokoja -The Subsidy Reinvestment Programme (SURE-P) said at the weekend that N8 billion has been earmarked to combat HIV/AIDs in the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Chest CT for Lung Cancer Screening in HIV+ PatientsChest CT for Lung Cancer Screening in HIV+ Patients
Is HIV status associated with an increased risk of abnormal findings on chest CT? And what are the implications for lung cancer screening? AIDS (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
People With HIV at Increased Risk for Melanoma
It has been well documented that people with long-term HIV infection run a greater risk of developing a number of non-AIDS-defining cancers, among them anal cancer, Hodgkin's disease, and liver cancers. Over the course of recent years, researchers have been investigating the causes and incidences of these occurrences -- finding that, in some cancers, the risk is significantly higher, while others have either lower or no statistical difference risk at all....Read Full Post (Source: About AIDS / HIV)
Tanzania: Aids Victims Need Special Monetary Fund
[Daily News]Moshi -MOSHI Rural District Council is gearing towards forming an HIV/AIDS fund from district to village levels after spending million of shillings in treatment and provision of basic needs to the orphans and HIV positive children. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Divided Opinions on Feasibility of Kenya?s Option B+ Roll Out
With Option B+, pregnant women are started on lifelong antiretroviral therapy regardless of their CD4 count. Credit: Miriam Gathigah/IPSBy Miriam GathigahNAIROBI, May 26 2014 (IPS) Kenya?s health sector has been facing significant challenges, ranging from a shortage of health care providers to a series of labour strikes. The problems have not only disrupted health services, but have HIV experts divided on whether to roll out Option B+ nationwide or just to pilot it in high volume facilities such as major referral hospitals.  Option B+ is the latest treatment option recommended by the World Health Organisation for HIV positive mothers. In the earlier Options A and B, mother and baby were given antiretrovirals (ARVs) during pregnancy and breastfeeding; only women with CD4 counts under 350...
Uganda: Fastest CD$ Testing Machine Hits the Market
[Independent]A new clinical gadget, MyT4CD4, which is being marketed as the latest CD4-testing gadget has hit the Ugandan market. The sellers of the gadget say it is "a rapid, service-free, Point-of-Care CD4 test that provides quantitative CD4 results in 10 minutes and is the fastest CD4 test available." (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Kenya: Meet Women Who Refused to Be Bogged Down By HIV
[Capital FM]Nairobi -Every time Rosemary Olale told anyone about her HIV status 10 years ago, tears would roll down her cheeks uncontrollably; she felt helpless... she felt hopeless. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: Ogun Assembly Ready to Pass HIV/Aids Anti-Stigma Bill Into Law, Says Committee Chairman
[Independent]The Chairman, Ogun House of Assembly's Committee on Health, Aina Akinpelu, has assured that the anti-stigma bill currently before the House would be passed into law as soon as possible. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Sneak Preview: About.com's "New Look" Health Channel
Since its acquisition of About.com in September 2012, IAC (the owners of Ask.com and The Daily Beast) have worked behind to scenes to re-envision the brand from the bottom up -- from its navigation and design to the content quality and layout. Their tireless efforts are soon to be seen in the relaunch of the company's "new look" Health Channel....Read Full Post (Source: About AIDS / HIV)
Zambia: Ndola's Macha Road Brings Masuzyo Kaunda Memories
[Times of Zambia]FIRST Republican president Kenneth Kaunda has gone down in history as the first head of State ever to publicly declare that he had lost one of his sons, Masuzyo, to the dreaded HIV/AIDS. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Men with HIV Have Lower Risk for Prostate Cancer
A study published earlier this month concluded that the people with HIV have as high as a two-fold risk in the risk of developing melanoma (skin cancer) when compared to the general population, adding to the already heady list of non-AIDS-defining cancers known to disproportionately affect this population....Read Full Post (Source: About AIDS / HIV)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Natriuretic Peptides in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction
Timely diagnosis, early introduction of appropriate treatment, accurate risk stratification, and optimal titration of therapy are all key to the management of acute and chronic heart failure (HF). Plasma concentrations of the cardiac natriuretic peptides (NPs) are valuable aids in each of these elements of care. However, most data are derived from cohorts with undifferentiated HF or HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF), and the performance and best application of NPs in HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is less certain. This review outlines the evidence for use of NPs in the evaluation and management of HFPEF. (Source: Heart Failure Clinics)
Disseminated cutaneous mycobacterium avium complex in a person with AIDS.
We report an interesting case of disseminated cutaneous MAC infection in a 45-year-old man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), currently treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and MAC prophylaxis. PMID: 24852776 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Dermatol Online J)
Sexual behavior and knowledge of human immunodeficiency virus/aids and sexually transmitted infections among women inmates of Briman Prison, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: Women inmates at Briman Prison have poor knowledge of STIs as well as risky sexual behaviors. Campaigns aimed at increasing awareness of STIs should also target prison inmates, who in general constitute high-risk populations. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Direct Anterior THA yields more rapid voluntary cessation of all walking aids: A Prospective, Randomized Clinical Trial
(Source: The Journal of Arthroplasty)
Rapid evolution aids spread of exotic plant species
The first genetic evidence that rapid evolution can help non-native plant species spread in new environments has been presented by a team of biologists. Using samples of centuries-old herbaria and DNA analysis, the researchers reconstructed the genetic adaptations undergone by the Pyrenean rocket prior to its rapid spread in Belgium. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Uganda: How Kaleeba Is Giving Autistic Children a Future
[Observer]They say that what doesn't kill you makes you tougher. To those close to her, Elizabeth Najjemba Kaleeba, 39, was made tough from the beginning. Losing her father Chris Kaleeba to HIV in June 1986, emboldened her family, led by her mother Dr Noeline Kaleeba to fight back, ultimately creating The Aids Support Organisation (Taso). Today, she and her sisters have christened themselves the tough cows. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Namibia: Long Walk for HIV/Aids Awareness
[New Era]Windhoek -As part of his contribution to create public awareness, HIV/AIDS activist Imms Kotokeni Sheefeni will walk over 700 kilometres from the north to Windhoek in eight days. He says the long walk is intended to raise awareness on the illness. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Rapid evolution aids spread of exotic plant species
(KU Leuven) A team of Belgian biologists led by researchers at KU Leuven has provided the first genetic evidence that rapid evolution can help non-native plant species spread in new environments. Using samples of centuries-old herbaria and DNA analysis, the researchers reconstructed the genetic adaptations undergone by the Pyrenean rocket prior to its rapid spread in Belgium. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Fixing leaks in the gut may stall progression of HIV
A kidney disease drug could keep bacteria in the gut, preventing an immune response that can be lethal for people infected with HIV (Source: New Scientist - HIV and AIDS)
Analyzing spatial clustering and the spatiotemporal nature and trends of HIV/AIDS prevalence using GIS: the case of Malawi, 1994-2010
Conclusions: Spatial analysis enhanced understanding of local spatiotemporal variation in HIV prevalence, possible underlying factors, and potential for differentiated spatial targeting of interventions. Findings suggest that intervention strategies should also emphasize improved access to health/HIV services, basic education, and syphilis management, particularly in rural hotspot districts, as further research is done on drivers at finer scale. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
AIDSinfo and infoSIDA Websites Now Optimized for Display on Mobile Devices
AIDSinfo recently updated the AIDSinfo and infoSIDA websites, and they are now automatically optimized for display across all devices&mdash;desktop computers, tablets, and smartphones. Visitors to the AIDSinfo and infoSIDA websites will now be able to access all of the website content on any device they are using. We decided to create a responsive design website&mdash;a site that automatically adjusts to any device&mdash;because of a shift in ways people are accessing the Internet. Between 2010 and 2014, mobile traffic to the AIDSinfo website increased 10-fold, and almost 90% of health care providers surveyed on the AIDSinfo website have Internet access at the point of care (i.e., while caring for patients), and of those, more than 2/3 use a mobile device when seeing patients. With this ...
CDC Announces Release of New Clinical Practice Guidelines for PrEP Use
New guidelines developed by CDC in partnership with other federal health agencies, public health experts, and community leaders update recommendations on the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the prevention of HIV infection in adults in the United States. The guidelines recommend that health care providers consider PrEP for people who are at substantial risk for HIV infection. The new guidelines include recommended indications for PrEP use; information on Truvada (emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate), the FDA-approved drug for use as PrEP in combination with safer sex practices; and advice for providers on how to support medication adherence. More information is available: &bull; CDC: Press release &bull; CDC: PrEP webpage &bull; AIDSinfo: Truvada patient fact sheet (S...
Recent HIV/AIDS News from CDC, NIH, and FDA
News from CDC May 21, 2014: New CDC Campaign Inspires Life-Saving Conversations About HIV &ldquo;The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention today launched Start Talking. Stop HIV., a new national communication campaign encouraging gay and bisexual men to talk openly with their sexual partners about HIV risk and prevention strategies.&rdquo; News from NIH May 19, 2014: 2014 Avant-Garde Awards Focus on Strengthening the Immune System &ldquo;With proposals ranging from enhancing the immune system&rsquo;s ability to fight HIV infection to improving long-term immune health in HIV-infected drug users, three scientists have been chosen to receive the 2014 Avant-Garde Award for HIV/AIDS Research from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health.&r...
The molecular biology of mycobacterial trehalose in the quest for advanced tuberculosis therapies.
Authors: Nobre A, Alarico S, Maranha A, Mendes V, Empadinhas N Abstract Trehalose is a natural glucose disaccharide identified in the 19th century in fungi and insect cocoons, and later across the three domains of life. In members of the genus Mycobacterium, which includes the tuberculosis (TB) pathogen and over 160 species of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), many of which opportunistic pathogens, trehalose has been an important focus of research over the last 60 years. It is a crucial player in the assembly and architecture of the remarkable mycobacterial cell envelope as an element of unique highly antigenic glycolipids, namely trehalose dimycolate (TDM, "cord factor"). Free trehalose has been detected in the mycobacterial cytoplasm and occasionally in oligosaccharides with unk...
The RNA-binding protein HuD promotes spinal GAP43 overexpression in antiretroviral-induced neuropathy.
Authors: Sanna MD, Quattrone A, Mello T, Ghelardini C, Galeotti N Abstract Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) are known to produce painful neuropathies and to enhance states of pain hypersensitivity produced by HIV-1 infection in patients with AIDS leading to discontinuation of antiretroviral therapy, thus limiting viral suppression strategies. The mechanisms by which NRTIs contribute to the development of neuropathic pain are not known. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that HuD, a RNA binding protein known to be an essential promoter of neuronal differentiation and survival, might be involved in the response to NRTI-induced neuropathy. Antiretroviral neuropathy was induced by a single intraperitoneal administration of 2',3'-dideoxycytidine (ddC) in m...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Using Drugs to Prevent HIV Infection: Who, What, and When?Using Drugs to Prevent HIV Infection: Who, What, and When?
Dr. Myron Cohen considers some of the key challenges facing clinicians in determining which patients might benefit from preexposure prophylaxis for HIV infection. Medscape HIV/AIDS (Source: Medscape Pharmacist Headlines)
Collectivism Culture, HIV Stigma and Social Network Support in Anhui, China: A Path Analytic Model
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
HIV-positive children more likely to develop drug resistance
74 percent of HIV-positive children in a study developed resistance to at least one form of drug treatment. The researchers followed almost 450 children enrolled in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study, one of the largest studies of HIV-positive children in the United States. "The problem with drug resistance is that once you develop it, it never goes away," said the principal investigator. "Some patients with very resistant virus have no effective treatment options. Resistant virus is the major reason for death among youth with perinatal HIV." (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
At risk of HIV? Pop a pill for protection, says CDC
Half a million people in the US should be taking Truvada to protect them from HIV, say public health bodies (Source: New Scientist - HIV and AIDS)
Nigeria: 'No Plan to Enforce Pre-Marital HIV Tests'
[This Day]Contrary to news reports about the new HIV/AIDS prevention strategy to make pre-marital tests compulsory among intending couples in the country, the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA) have refuted the story. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Uganda: Jailing of HIV-Positive Nurse in Negligence Case 'Outrageous'
[AlertNet]The three-year jail sentence handed down to an HIV-positive nurse in Uganda for re-using a needle she had accidentally pricked her finger on, is "outrageous", a U.S.-based advocacy group said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Cote d'Ivoire: 'Why Did My Wife Stop Taking Life-Saving HIV Medication?'
[Key Correspondents]As Kouakou Brice, from the Ivory Coast, tries to come to terms with his wife Leonine's death, he finds it hard to understand why she stopped taking her HIV medication. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
U.S. Campaign Urges Gay Men to Talk About H.I.V.
The federal government?s first AIDS-related public service campaign aimed exclusively at gay men will be rolled out across the country in conjunction with gay pride events. (Source: NYT Health)
Determinant and outcome of early diagnosis of HIV infection among HIV-exposed infants in southwest Ethiopia
Conclusion: This study showed that 385(90.4%) of the infants were not infected at their final infection status. Therefore, encouraging pregnant women to visit health facilities during their course of pregnancy, focusing on exclusive breast feeding counseling and promotion, and early initiation of antiretroviral treatment to HIV infected pregnant women are recommend. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
In Utero Infection with HIV?1 Associated with Suppressed Lymphoproliferative Responses at Birth
Abstract In utero exposure to HIV?1 may affect the immune system of the developing child and may induce HIV?1?specific immune responses, even in the absence of HIV?1 infection. We evaluated lymphoproliferative capacity at birth among 40 HIV?1?uninfected infants born to HIV?1?infected mothers and 10 infants who had acquired HIV?1 in utero. Cord blood mononuclear cells were assayed using 3H?Thymidine incorporation for proliferation in response to HIV?1 p55?gag and the control stimuli phytohemagglutinin (PHA), Staphylococcus enterotoxin B (SEB), and allogeneic cells. In response to HIV?1 p55?gag, 8 (20%) of HIV?1?exposed, uninfected (EU) infants had a stimulation index (SI) ?2 and 3 (30%) of in utero HIV?1 infected infants had SI ?2. Frequency and magnitu...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Blood pressure level impacts risk of death among HIV seropositive adults in Kenya: a retrospective analysis of electronic health records
Background: Mortality among people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is increasingly due to non-communicable causes. This has been observed mostly in developed countries and the routine care of HIV infected individuals has now expanded to include attention to cardiovascular risk factors. Cardiovascular risk factors such as high blood pressure are often overlooked among HIV seropositive (+) individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to determine the effect of blood pressure on mortality among HIV+ adults in Kenya. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of electronic medical records of a large HIV treatment program in western Kenya between 2005 and 2010. All included individuals were HIV+. We excluded participants with AIDS, who were 80 years old, or had data out of ...
Factors Related to Risky Sexual Behaviors and Effective STI/HIV and Pregnancy Intervention Programs for African American Adolescents
ConclusionAfter analyzing six national intervention programs proven to be effective, the findings suggest that future prevention programs should be designed with more emphasis on avoidance or limited substance use, increased parental involvement, integration of cultural teaching components such as storytelling and history as suggested from the Aban Aya Youth Project. This study also concluded that future prevention programs should consider the length of programs be longer than 1 year, as it has been shown to be more effective than shorter programs. (Source: Public Health Nursing)
Randomized Trial of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Hearing Aids for Tinnitus Management
Conclusions. After 3 months of hearing aid use, there were significant improvements in tinnitus, which were sustained at 6 months of use. The hearing aid effects appeared independent of tDCS. Further investigations of tDCS or other neuromodulators priming the auditory system for sound therapy based tinnitus treatments are warranted. (Source: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair)
Optimisation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected children under 3 years of age.
CONCLUSIONS: ART initiation in asymptomatic children under 1 year of age reduces morbidity and mortality, but it remains unclear whether there are clinical benefits to starting ART in asymptomatic children diagnosed with HIV infection between 1-3 years.The available evidence shows that a LPV/r-based first-line regimen is more efficacious than a NVP-based regimen, regardless of PMTCT exposure status. New formulations of LPV/r are urgently required to enable new WHO recommendations to be implemented. An alternative approach to long-term LPV/r is substituting LPV/r with NVP once virological suppression is achieved. This strategy looked promising in the one trial undertaken, but may be difficult to implement in the absence of routine viral load testing.A 4-drug induction-maintenance approach s...
Self-controlled technologies to support skill attainment in persons with an autism spectrum disorder and/or an intellectual disability: a systematic literature review.
Authors: den Brok WL, Sterkenburg PS Abstract Abstract Persons with an autism spectrum disorder and/or intellectual disability have difficulties in processing information, which impedes the learning of daily living skills and cognitive concepts. Technological aids support learning, and if used temporarily and in a self-controlled manner, they may contribute to independent societal participation. This systematic review examines the studies that applied self-controlled technologies. The 28 relevant studies showed that skills and concepts are learned through prompting, interaction with devices, and practicing in (realistic) virtual environments. For attaining cognitive concepts, advanced technologies such as virtual reality are effective. Five studies focussed on cognitive concepts an...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Overexpression of the Maize GRF10, an Endogenous Truncated GRF Protein, Leads to Reduction in Leaf Size and Plant Height.
In this study, the maize GRF10 was functionally characterized to improve this concept. The deduced ZmGRF10 protein retains the N-terminal QLQ and WRC domains, the characteristic regions as protein-interacting and DNA binding domains, respectively. However it lacks nearly the entire C-terminal domain, the regions executing transactivation activity. Consistently, ZmGRF10 protein maintains the ability to interact with GIFs proteins, but lacks transactivation activity. Overexpression of ZmGRF10 in maize led to a reduction in leaf size and plant height through decreasing cell proliferation, whereas the yield-related traits were not affected. Transcriptome analysis revealed that multiple biological pathways were affected by ZmGRF10 overexpression, including a few of transcriptional regulatory ge...
In Utero Infection with HIV-1 Associated with Suppressed Lymphoproliferative Responses at Birth.
Authors: Payne BL, Sandifer T, OhAinle M, Crudder C, Lynch J, Omenda MM, Maroa J, Fowke K, John-Stewart GC, Farquhar C Abstract In utero exposure to HIV-1 may affect the immune system of the developing child and may induce HIV-1-specific immune responses, even in the absence of HIV-1 infection. We evaluated lymphoproliferative capacity at birth among 40 HIV-1-uninfected infants born to HIV-1-infected mothers and 10 infants who had acquired HIV-1 in utero. Cord blood mononuclear cells were assayed using (3) H-Thymidine incorporation for proliferation in response to HIV-1 p55-gag and the control stimuli phytohemagglutinin (PHA), Staphylococcus enterotoxin B (SEB), and allogeneic cells. In response to HIV-1 p55-gag, 8 (20%) of HIV-1-exposed, uninfected (EU) infants had a stimulation i...
New neural pathway found in eyes that aids in vision
A less-well-known type of retina cell plays a more critical role in vision than previously understood. Working with mice, the scientists found that the ipRGCs -- an atypical type of photoreceptor in the retina -- help detect contrast between light and dark, a crucial element in the formation of visual images. The key to the discovery is the fact that the cells express melanopsin, a type of photopigment that undergoes a chemical change when it absorbs light. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Antiviral Vaginal Rings for Preventing HIV in WomenAntiviral Vaginal Rings for Preventing HIV in Women
Could this device be the solution to HIV prevention in women? Future Virology (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
The National Alliance for HIV Education and Workforce Development (NAHEWD) Recommendations for the AIDS Education and Training Centers (AETCs)
Describes the vision of the NAHEWD for AETCs of the future regarding HIV. Recommendations include increasing the interprofessional HIV healthcare workforce needed to provide HIV specialty and primary care. Also recommends increasing education for healthcare workforce who work with HIV patients such as primary care providers who are new to HIV care, specialists in non-HIV areas, and HIV care providers. Reports that in the last fiscal year (FY12-13), 21% of AETC trainees practiced in rural settings. -- AIDS Education and Training Centers National Resource Center (Source: Rural publications via the Rural Assistance Center)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
A Tale of Two Treatment Worlds: Fat and Muscle Loss in HIVA Tale of Two Treatment Worlds: Fat and Muscle Loss in HIV
Dr. Benjamin Young reviews two recently published articles looking at side effects common to HIV antiretroviral therapies used in developing and developed countries. Medscape HIV/AIDS (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
Researcher aids understanding of collective excitations in MoS2
The large direct band gap in a monolayer of MoS2 leads to the appearance of the interband dipolar mode which couples to the intraband plasmon. This result is useful for our understanding of the collective excitations in MoS2. The renormalized dipolar mode is close to its bare value, while coupling suppresses the plasmon mode. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Russia: Critics Continue To Attack ?Hypocrisy? Over HIV/AIDS
By Pavol StracanskyMOSCOW, May 21 2014 (IPS) International bodies and local campaign groups have repeatedly criticised Russia for not doing anywhere near enough in terms of providing prevention services or access to medical treatment for HIV/AIDS sufferers. The fourth Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) HIV/AIDS Conference, which finished in Moscow last week, has not put a stop to that criticism. Boycotted by many domestic and international organisations working with HIV/AIDS sufferers and those most at risk of contracting the disease, the conference ? and the Russian authorities? overall approach to HIV/AIDS ? was accused of blatant hypocrisy. The critics said that the hosting of the event in Russia, which has one of the world?s highest HIV/AIDS incidence rates, is a slap in t...
E-cigs 'better than patches and gum' as quitting aid
Conclusion This was a useful ?real world? survey, which involved a large nationally representative sample of adults in England. Researchers adjusted their results for a large number of potential confounders, including the degree of nicotine dependence and the time elapsed since participants? attempt to quit begun. However, as the authors point out, this was not an RCT, which is the best method of determining the effectiveness of treatments. This means that measured and unmeasured confounders could have affected the results.  Another important limitation is the study?s reliance on adults self-reporting whether they had quit. This could make the results unreliable, especially since participants had to recall their smoking over the previous 12 months. The study would be more relia...
Exercise Aids in Stroke Recovery
Title: Exercise Aids in Stroke RecoveryCategory: Health NewsCreated: 5/20/2014 4:36:00 PMLast Editorial Review: 5/21/2014 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Heart General)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Uganda: After Nurse Is Jailed, Family Raps Activists
[Observer]The family of the toddler at the centre of a case that on Monday ended in a three-year jail term for a 64- year-old nurse has criticised Aids activists for showing no concern for an innocent baby. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Uganda: Does God Cure Aids?
[Observer]On May 15, 2013, I walked into New Jerusalem Deliverance Centre in Bunamwaya for a counselling session with Pastor Stephen Mukulu. It was about 6pm and another woman was seated with the pastor in one of the church corners. As I walked in, the seemingly-flustered Mukulu beckoned me over and asked me to pull a chair, with the woman's consent. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
HypeWatch: E-Cigs Best Cessation Tool Ever, Really? (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- A retrospective analysis comparing smoking cessation initiatives found that the e-cigarette was an effective cessation aid -- more effective than use of over-the-counter nicotine replacement aids -- but the study design casts doubt on that conclusion. (Source: MedPage Today Pediatrics)
Updated Fact Sheet: HIV Infection Among Asians in the United States and Dependent Areas
Despite growth of the Asian population in the United States, the number of HIV diagnoses among Asians has remained stable and the rate of new infections has decreased. This fact sheets provides an overview of how HIV affects the Asian population in the U.S. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
Updated Fact Sheet: HIV Among Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders in the United States
Generally, the effect of HIV infection on NHOPI is proportional to their US population size. However, certain data on diagnoses indicate a disproportionate impact in this population group relative to other races/ethnicities. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
AIDS and non-AIDS severe morbidity associated with hospitalizations among HIV-infected patients in two regions with universal access to care and antiretroviral therapy, France and Brazil, 2000-2008: hospital-based cohort studies
Conclusions: As information on severe morbidities for HIV-infected patients remain scarce, data on hospitalizations are valuable to identify priorities for case management and to improve the quality of life of patients with a chronic disease requiring life-long treatment. Immune restoration is highly effective in reducing AIDS and non-AIDS severe morbid events irrespective of the setting. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) in three HIV-positive patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome
Conclusion: ECMO was effective in three HIV-positive patients with an otherwise fatal respiratory failure. All patients had severe immunosuppression and/or limited antiretroviral options. A multidisciplinary critical team is needed to individualize the use of ECMO in immunocompromised patients, including those with HIV infection. (Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations)
SurvMicro: assessment of miRNA-based prognostic signatures for cancer clinical outcomes by multivariate survival analysis
We presented evaluations to portray the straightforward functionality of SurvMicro in liver and lung cancer. To our knowledge, SurvMicro is the only bioinformatic tool that aids the evaluation of multivariate prognostic miRNA signatures in cancer. Availability and implementation: SurvMicro and its tutorial are freely available at http://bioinformatica.mty.itesm.mx/SurvMicro. Contact: vtrevino@itesm.mx or victor.trevino@gmail.com Supplementary Information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. (Source: Bioinformatics)
ARTS: automated randomization of multiple traits for study design
Summary: Collecting data from large studies on high-throughput platforms, such as microarray or next-generation sequencing, typically requires processing samples in batches. There are often systematic but unpredictable biases from batch-to-batch, so proper randomization of biologically relevant traits across batches is crucial for distinguishing true biological differences from experimental artifacts. When a large number of traits are biologically relevant, as is common for clinical studies of patients with varying sex, age, genotype and medical background, proper randomization can be extremely difficult to prepare by hand, especially because traits may affect biological inferences, such as differential expression, in a combinatorial manner. Here we present ARTS (automated randomization of...
A genotypic HIV-1 proviral DNA coreceptor tropism assay: characterization in viremic subjects
Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate that proviral DNA tropism determinations from whole blood or peripheral blood mononuclear cells were highly concordant with plasma HIV-1 RNA tropism determinations. This assay may be useful for screening virologically suppressed patients for CCR5-antagonist eligibility and for research purposes. (Source: AIDS Research and Therapy)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Exercise Aids in Stroke Recovery
Regular activity, such as walking, afterwards improves memory and quality of life, suggest experts (Source: WebMD Health)
eSight Eyewear Device Enables People with Vision Disabilities to See
Is there anything better than a breakthrough technological device that enables some visually impaired people to recapture activities they haven?t experienced in decades, like watching their kids play ice hockey, going to the movies or reading an exciting novel they?ve dreamed of reading all their life? (Source: Disabled World)
FDA Warns Lunesta and Generics Can Cause Next-Day Impairment:...
On May 15, the FDA warned that Eszopiclone Containing Sleep Aids (including Lunesta and generics) can cause next-day impairment of driving and other activities that require alertness. In light of this...(PRWeb May 20, 2014)Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/05/prweb11867345.htm (Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals)
Uganda: 'People Will Die Because of Anti-Gay Law'
[Key Correspondents]Activists and health workers say Uganda's anti-homosexuality law, passed in February, will lead to an increase in AIDS-related deaths among an already marginalised population. As well as making lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people afraid to access health services, the draconian law deliberately targets HIV awareness organisations and health professionals working with this community. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Nigeria: Borno Records 50 Per Cent Drop in HIV/Aids Prevalence, Official
[Independent]HIV and AIDS prevalence in Borno has dropped from 5.2 per cent to 2.4 per cent, the Borno State Agency for the Control of HIV and AIDS (BOSACA) has announced. The Executive Secretary, BOSACA, Alhaji Musa Liman, stated this on Monday in Maiduguri in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN). (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: 1,702 Pregnant Women Test Positive to HIV in Lagos
[This Day]Statistics from the Lagos State AIDS Control Agency has revealed that in the last one year 1,702 pregnant women tested positive to HIV and had to be placed on prophylaxis. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
HIV-1 protease-induced apoptosis
Conclusion: In summary, our results describe the involvement of HIV-1 PR in apoptosis, which is caused either by a direct effect of HIV-1 PR on mitochondrial membrane integrity or by its interaction with cellular protein BCA3. (Source: Retrovirology)
Impact of Sociodemographic Patient Characteristics on the Efficacy of Decision Aids: A Patient-Level Meta-Analysis of 7 Randomized Trials [Original Articles]
Conclusions&mdash; In this patient-level meta-analysis of 7 randomized trials, DAs were efficacious across diverse sociodemographic groups as measured by knowledge transfer, decisional conflict, and patient involvement in SDM. To the extent that DAs increase patient knowledge and participation in SDM, they have potential to impact health disparities related to these factors. (Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes)
Grape seed extract prevents skeletal muscle wasting in interleukin 10 knockout mice
Conclusion: GSE supplementation effectively prevents muscle wasting in IL10KO mice, showing that GSE can be used as an auxiliary treatment for muscle loss associated with chronic inflammation and frailty. (Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Photocatalytic Au-Bi2 S3 Heteronanostructures.
Authors: Manna G, Bose R, Pradhan N Abstract Au-Bi2 S3 heteronanostructure photocatalysts were designed in which the coupling of a metal plasmon and a semiconductor exciton aids the absorption of solar light, enhances charge separation, and results in improved catalytic activity. Furthermore, these nanostructures show a unique pattern of structural combination, with Au nanoparticles positioned at the center of Bi2 S3 nanorods. The chemistry of formation of these nanostructures, their epitaxy at the junction, and their photoconductance were studied, as well as their photoresponse properties. PMID: 24844409 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Angewandte Chemie)
Laboratory adverse events and discontinuation of therapy according to CD4+ cell count at the start of antiretroviral therapy
Conclusion:This study demonstrates the need to consider ART-related toxicities when initiating therapy at CD4+ cell counts at least 500?cells/?l. Whilst evidence from randomized controlled trials is awaited, the timing of ART initiation in terms of benefits and risks of ART remains an important question. (Source: AIDS)
Tolerability of Chemotherapy in HIV-Infected Women with Breast Cancer: Are There Prognostic Implications?
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Patterns of Geographic Mobility Predict Barriers to Engagement in HIV Care and Antiretroviral Treatment Adherence
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Updated Surveillance Brief: HIV Surveillance Supported by the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention
This fact sheet contains information on the HIV surveillance systems that DHAP currently supports. The data inform and guide the critical decisions that ensure HIV prevention funds are directed to those populations most affected by the disease. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Ask Well: AIDS and Truvada
Donald G. McNeil Jr. responds to reader questions about new recommendations to prevent H.I.V. infection with daily doses of the drug Truvada. (Source: NYT)
2014 Avant-Garde Awards focus on strengthening the immune system
NIH?s HIV/AIDS research awards offer hope in battling HIV infection and improving long-term outcomes in HIV-infected drug users. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
[Comment] In for the long haul: 20 years of malaria surveillance
The past 20 years have seen many changes in malaria control. In most countries where malaria is endemic, first-line treatment has switched several times as drug resistance has developed, moving from chloroquine through to artemisinin-based combination therapies. In the past decade, thanks to increased funding through the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, coverage of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) has massively expanded. These efforts have led to a substantial reduction in the incidence of malaria mortality, with a cumulative total of about 3·3 million deaths prevented since 2001, according to the 2013 World Malaria Report. (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Tanzania: No 'Result' Yet On Aids Vaccine
[Daily News]ALTHOUGH researchers at Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) are optimistic of striking a cure for HIV/AIDS, they have dismissed claims on concrete findings on the ongoing vaccine trials against the deadly disease. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Critical appraisal of elvitegravir in the treatment of HIV-1/AIDS
Pandey KK (Source: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management)
Viral Load Testing Dismally Absent in Africa
A CD4 testing machine. Research by the University of Zimbabwe shows that female patients with high CD4 counts have developed a nevirapine toxicity. Credit: Jennifer Mckellar/IPSBy Miriam GathigahNAIROBI, May 19 2014 (IPS) As Africa scales up lifesaving antiretroviral therapy for HIV positive people, concerns are rife that the absence of mass routine viral load testing will hamper extending treatment to the millions who need it. ?Routine viral load testing helps catch people who are failing on treatment before they generate resistance to antiretrovirals and helps keep them less infectious,? explains Teri Roberts, diagnostics adviser at Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). Viral load testing, the gold standard in antiretroviral therapy (ART) monitoring, measures HIV levels in the blood, a...
2014 Avant-Garde Awards focus on strengthening the immune system
(NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse) With proposals ranging from enhancing the immune system's ability to fight HIV infection to improving long-term immune health in HIV-infected drug users, three scientists have been chosen to receive the 2014 Avant-Garde Award for HIV/AIDS Research from NIDA. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Diet of an Olympian: Food with a purpose
Abstract Olympic medals are often decided by a fraction of a per?cent. Over the last 20 years, elite athletes have taken a systematic approach to improving their performance. Performance nutrition is the systematic use of nutrition science to improve sporting performance and is increasingly being used by elite athletes. There are three areas of sporting performance where performance nutrition may be applied, namely the prevention of illness and injury, facilitation of adaptation from training and improvement of competition performance. Performance nutrition can help prevent illness by providing the correct amount of energy and macronutrients to match the energy needs of training and to prevent fatigue. Post?exercise carbohydrate and protein intake supports recovery from exercise and en...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Viral and cellular factors underlying neuropathogenesis in HIV associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND)
As the HIV-1 epidemic enters its fourth decade, HIV-1 associated neurological disorders (HAND) continue to be a major concern in the infected population, despite the widespread use of anti-retroviral therapy. Advancing age and increased life expectancy of the HIV-1 infected population have been shown to increase the risk of cognitive dysfunction. Over the past 10 years, there has been a significant progress in our understanding of the mechanisms and the risk factors involved in the development of HAND. Key events that lead up to neuronal damage in HIV-1 infected individuals can be categorized based on the interaction of HIV-1 with the various cell types, including but not limited to macrophages, brain endothelial cells, microglia, astrocytes and the neurons. This review attempts to deciphe...
Management of Patellofemoral Chondral Injuries
This article focuses on methods that have worked well in the authors? practice and that are also widely used. The goal is to create an algorithm that aids clinicians in treating this patient population. (Source: Clinics in Sports Medicine)
Impaired natural killer cell responses are associated with loss of the highly activated NKG2A+CD57+CD56dim subset in HIV-1 subtype D infection in Uganda
Conclusion:HIV-1 subtype D infection is associated with impaired NK cell responsiveness to cytokines, decline of the NKG2A+CD57+ CD56dim NK cell subset, as well as elevated activation in this subset. These alterations within the NK cell compartment may contribute to immunopathogenesis of HIV-1 subtype D infection in Ugandans. (Source: AIDS)
Tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus: exploring stigma in a community in western Uganda
(Source: AIDS Care)
HIV-related stigma and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in HIV-infected individuals: does social support play a mediating or moderating role?
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Acceptability and factors associated with willingness to receive short messages for improving antiretroviral therapy adherence in China
(Source: AIDS Care)
Gender moderates the influence of psychosocial factors and drug use on HAART adherence in the context of HIV and childhood sexual abuse
(Source: AIDS Care)
Namibian prisoners describe barriers to HIV antiretroviral therapy adherence
(Source: AIDS Care)
Correlates of antiretroviral adherence and viral load among transgender women living with HIV
(Source: AIDS Care)
Assessing baseline religious practices and beliefs to predict adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected persons
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Suboptimal antiretroviral therapy adherence among HIV-infected adults in Guangzhou, China
(Source: AIDS Care)
Mediating effects of social support on depression and quality of life among patients with HIV infection in Taiwan
(Source: AIDS Care)
Depression severity is associated with increased risk behaviors and decreased CD4 cell counts
(Source: AIDS Care)
Risk factors for recent nonfatal overdose among HIV-infected Russians who inject drugs
(Source: AIDS Care)
Age group differences in HIV risk and mental health problems among female sex workers in Southwest China
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Patterns of HIV and mental health service integration in New York State
(Source: AIDS Care)
Risk factors for suicide attempts in a clinic-based sample of people living with HIV in Puerto Rico
(Source: AIDS Care)
HIV-related neurocognitive impairment screening: the patient's perspective on its utility and psychological impact
(Source: AIDS Care)
Social networks and mental health among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Johannesburg, South Africa
(Source: AIDS Care)
Racial discrimination and posttraumatic stress symptoms as pathways to sexual HIV risk behaviors among urban Black heterosexual men
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Incidences and risk factors of first-line HAART discontinuation: a limitation to the success of the &#8220;seek, test, treat, and retain&#8221; strategy?
(Source: AIDS Care)
Zimbabwe: Niece Raped, HIV Infected for Skipping Chores
[New Zimbabwe]A Gutu Johanne Masowe church member, who raped and infected his niece with HIV, tried to frighten his victim against reporting the countless abuses by threatening suicide if she went on to report the matter, a local court heard this past week. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Stigma in Ethiopia: association with depressive symptoms in people with HIV
(Source: AIDS Care)
Immunologic status and virologic outcomes in repeat pregnancies to HIV-positive women not on antiretroviral therapy at conception: a case for lifelong antiretroviral therapy?
During their second pregnancy with diagnosed HIV (n?=?1177), two-fifths of women in the UK/Ireland not on antiretroviral therapy (ART) at conception had an immunological indication for treatment (CD4+ (Source: AIDS)
Acute HIV-1 infection is as common as malaria in young febrile adults seeking care in coastal Kenya
Background:Febrile adults are usually not tested for acute HIV-1 infection (AHI) in Africa. We assessed a strategy to diagnose AHI among young adult patients seeking care. Methods:Young adults ( (Source: AIDS)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Factors associated with short-term changes in HIV viral load and CD4+ cell count in antiretroviral-naive individuals
Objectives:Among antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naive individuals, viral load levels tend to increase and CD4+ cell counts decline over time. We sought to explore the rate of change and influence of other factors associated with these markers of HIV progression. Design:An observational cohort collaboration study. Methods:A total of 158?385 pairs of consecutive viral load and CD4+ cell count simultaneously measured from 34?384 ART-naive individuals in the COHERE database were analysed. Annual changes and factors associated with these changes were estimated using generalized estimating equations. Results:Viral load continued to rise at a mean [95% confidence interval (CI)] rate of 0.091 (0.086?0.096) log10?copies/ml per year. A faster rise in viral load was significantly associated wit...
Sleeping Pill Use Tied to Poorer Survival for Heart Failure Patients
Study also found heightened odds for heart trouble in patients taking benzodiazepine sleep aids Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Drug Reactions, Heart Failure, Sleep Disorders (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Psychosocial factors associated with adherence to treatment and quality of life in people living with HIV/AIDS in Brazil
Conclusion: The combination of social support and antiretroviral treatment have an impact on physical conditions, improving immune response and quality of life. Objetivo: O objetivo deste artigo foi investigar os fatores biopsicossociais para adesão e qualidade de vida de pessoas que vivem com HIV/AIDS bem-sucedidas no tratamento de saúde. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal realizado com 120 participantes portadores de HIV do sul do Brasil. Entre as variáveis estudadas, destacam-se: estresse percebido, suporte social, sintomas de ansiedade e depressão e qualidade de vida. Resultados: Os resultados apontam que a adesão ao tratamento moderada para alta com boa percepção do suporte social indica melhor qualidade de vida. Conclusão: O suporte social e o tratamento antirretrovi...
Breakthrough in HIV/AIDS research gives hope for improved drug therapy
The first direct proof of a long-suspected cause of multiple HIV-related health complications was recently obtained by a team of researchers. The finding supports complementary therapies to antiretroviral drugs to significantly slow HIV progression. The study found that a drug commonly given to patients receiving kidney dialysis significantly diminishes the levels of bacteria that escape from the gut and reduces health complications in non-human primates infected with the simian form of HIV. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Carpal tunnel syndrome impairs sustained precision pinch performance.
CONCLUSIONS: Sensorimotor deficits associated with CTS lead to inaccurate and unstable digit forces during sustained precision pinch. SIGNIFICANCE: This study shed light on basic and pathophysiological mechanisms of fine motor control and aids in development of new strategies for diagnosis and evaluation of CTS. PMID: 24877682 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Neurophysiology)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Moving LGBT Rights Beyond Marriage Equality
Seventeen states currently grant gay couples the right to marry. Credit: BigstockBy Farangis AbdurazokzodaWASHINGTON, May 16 2014 (IPS) Honouring the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Friday emphasised progress in advancing the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons, but a new report on criminalisation of LBGT people suggests that there is still a long way to go. ?Today of all days, we are reminded that the cause of justice can and must triumph over hatred and prejudice,? said Kerry said in a statement.?The United States arrests and prosecutes more people on the basis of their HIV status than the rest of the world combined." -- Catherine Hanssens Undeniably, a number of events over the past week indicate...
Vaccine-induced myeloid cell population dampens protective immunity to SIV
Vaccines are largely evaluated for their ability to promote adaptive immunity, with little focus on the induction of negative immune regulators. Adjuvants facilitate and enhance vaccine-induced immune responses and have been explored for mediating protection against HIV. Using a regimen of peptide priming followed by a modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA) boost in a nonhuman primate model, we found that an SIV vaccine incorporating molecular adjuvants mediated partial protection against rectal SIVmac251 challenges. Animals treated with vaccine and multiple adjuvants exhibited a reduced viral load (VL) compared with those treated with vaccine only. Surprisingly, animals treated with adjuvant alone had reduced VLs that were comparable to or better than those of the vaccine-treated group. VL reduct...
Early microbial translocation blockade reduces SIV-mediated inflammation and viral replication
Damage to the intestinal mucosa results in the translocation of microbes from the intestinal lumen into the circulation. Microbial translocation has been proposed to trigger immune activation, inflammation, and coagulopathy, all of which are key factors that drive HIV disease progression and non-HIV comorbidities; however, direct proof of a causal link is still lacking. Here, we have demonstrated that treatment of acutely SIV-infected pigtailed macaques with the drug sevelamer, which binds microbial lipopolysaccharide in the gut, dramatically reduces immune activation and inflammation and slightly reduces viral replication. Furthermore, sevelamer administration reduced coagulation biomarkers, confirming the contribution of microbial translocation in the development of cardiovascular comorb...
E-Check of Sugar Aids in Inpatient Hypoglycemia Control
(MedPage Today) -- LAS VEGAS -? Electronic monitoring of blood sugar levels may diminish hypoglycemia and reduce length of stay in hospitalized diabetic ketoacidosis patients, researchers reported here. (Source: MedPage Today Primary Care)
Uganda: Critics Say Uganda's New HIV Law a Giant Step Backward
[VOA]A Ugandan bill criminalizing the "willful" transmission of HIV and mandating HIV tests for certain groups is awaiting the president's signature to become law. Such a law could be a setback in the country's fight against AIDS. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Care and Counseling Center of Georgia aids 385,000 people annually
In the half century since the Care and Counseling Center of Georgia was founded, Atlanta has changed dramatically. The Care and Counseling Center (CCCG) has not. Evolved and expanded? Yes, but its founding mission has remained the same ? to provide what clinical director Carol Pitts calls ?healing, wholeness and hope? to Georgians in need. ?Georgia is sorely lacking in support for mental health care for so many of its residents,? CEO Sandra Mullins said. ?CCCG is looking at ways to? (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Hospitals headlines)
Kenya: Elderly Face Stigma During HIV Testing
[The Star]THE Western Elders Council has said old people are discriminated against when they go for HIV testing in public hospitals. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Breakthrough in HIV/AIDS research gives hope for improved drug therapy
(University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences) The first direct proof of a long-suspected cause of multiple HIV-related health complications was recently obtained by a team led by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research. The finding supports complementary therapies to antiretroviral drugs to significantly slow HIV progression. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Watching HIV bud from cells
(University of Utah) University of Utah researchers devised a way to watch newly forming AIDS virus particles emerging or 'budding' from infected human cells without interfering with the process. The method shows a protein named ALIX gets involved during the final stages of virus replication, not earlier, as was believed previously. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
AIDS Groups Back Anti-H.I.V. Pill Amid Concerns Doctors and Patients Will Resist
In interviews and in a flood of online comments, experts and others on the front lines of the battle against H.I.V. made it clear that the regimen could be slow to take hold. (Source: NYT Health)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Mathematical modeling of the effects of glutathione on arsenic methylation
Conclusions: The mathematical model aids in the interpretation of data from recent experimental studies and showsthat the Challenger pathway of arsenic methylation, supplemented by the glutathione effects describedabove, is sufficient to understand and predict recent experimental data. More experimental studiesare needed to explicate the detailed mechanisms of action of glutathione on arsenic methylation.Recent experimental work on the effects of glutathione on arsenic methylation and our modelingstudy suggest that supplements that increase hepatic glutathione production should be considered asstrategies to reduce adverse health effects in affected populations. (Source: Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling)
CDK9 inhibition strategy defines distinct sets of target genes
Conclusion: The nature of the strategy used to inhibit CDK9 profoundly affects the patterns of gene expression resulting from CDK9 inhibition. These results suggest multiple variables that affect outcome, including kinetics of inhibition, potency, off-target effects, and selectivity issues. This is particularly important when considering CDK9 as a potential target for therapeutic intervention. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Bacterial pathogenicity: Phytoplasma converts plants into zombies
Nature Reviews Microbiology 12, 393 (2014). doi:10.1038/nrmicro3283 Author: Andrea Du Toit Phytoplasma convert their hosts into sterile 'zombie' plants, which facilitates vector-borne transmission and aids bacterial propagation. (Source: Nature Reviews Microbiology)
Everything You Need to Know About Taxol...
Taxol (Paclitaxel) is a chemotherapy drug made from yew trees. It fights cancer by interfering with cancer cell division. Taxol can be used to treat any stage of breast cancer; as well as ovarian, lung, and AIDS- related Kaposi&rsquo;s sarcoma. When given in low doses it has mild side effects and is well-tolerated. (Source: About.com Breast Cancer)
Can first aid training encourage individuals' propensity to act in an emergency situation? A pilot study
Conclusions Activities which allow the learner to explore and discuss behaviour in an emergency situation can effectively increase the learner's propensity to act. First aid education should be expanded to support the learner to develop both the skill and the will to help. (Source: Emergency Medicine Journal)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Big City: Alzheimer?s, a Neglected Epidemic
Alzheimer?s, which has been linked to far more deaths than AIDS, has failed to garner the same national outrage and attention, even as AIDS deaths have begun to fall. (Source: NYT)
Navidea demotes Pykett to research position, names investor Goldberg interim CEO
Navidea Biopharmaceuticals Inc. said Thursday it demoted Mark Pykett from CEO to a drug research position and named Michael Goldberg to the top position on an interim basis. The board of the Dublin pharmaceutical company seeking to bring radioactive diagnostic aids to market said in a statement that they believe ?the market is not currently giving appropriate value? to the drugs Navidea still has in development, which means research and development expenses still far outstrip revenue from its? (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)
Is Primary Mycobacterium avium Complex Prophylaxis Necessary in Patients with CD4
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Hitting a moving target: AIDS vaccine could work against changeable site on HIV
A vaccine or other therapy directed at a single site on a surface protein of HIV could in principle neutralize nearly all strains of the virus?thanks to the diversity of targets the site presents to the human immune system. HIV infection is nearly always fatal, if untreated, because the virus is extremely effective at evading the human immune response. Its main strategy is to cover its most exposed parts, the flower-like envelope protein (Env) structures that grab and penetrate host cells, with rapidly mutating decoy proteins and antibody-resistant sugar molecules called glycans. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
HIV-1 Genetic Variants in the Russian Far East
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Prospective Comparison of Qualitative Versus Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction for Monitoring Virologic Treatment Failure in HIV-Infected Patients
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Eszopiclone Containing Sleep Aids: Drug Safety Communication - Can Cause Next-Day Impairment
FDA recommends a decreased starting dose for both women and men. (Source: FDA MedWatch)
Court ruling aids Mylan effort to market MS medication
Canonsburg-based drug giant Mylan Inc. (Nasdaq: MYL) on Thursday cheered a ruling by the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia against rival drug maker Teva, which smooths the way for sales of a generic medication used to treat multiple sclerosis. Teva?s motion to block the FDA from approving generic versions of the drug, which is sold under the Copaxone brand, was dismissed for lack of jurisdiction. Copaxone generates $3.2 billion in annual U.S. sales and accounts for more than half? (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
PrEP for HIV Prevention
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Related MedlinePlus Pages: HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS Medicines (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
High-Tech Hearing Aids - WSJ video
More than a third of senior citizens are hard of hearing, according to the World Health Organization. Reporter Jenny Marc reviews three new digital devices that are helping people tune back in to what's being said. Posted at Clinical Cases and Images. Stay updated and subscribe, follow us on Twitter and connect on Facebook. (Source: Clinical Cases and Images)
HIV Prevalence Trends, Risky Behaviours, and Governmental and Community Responses to the Epidemic among Men Who Have Sex with Men in China.
Conclusion. HIV continues to spread rapidly among MSM in China. The hidden nature of MSM and the overlapping homosexual, bisexual, and commercial behaviours remain a challenge for HIV prevention among MSM. Strong collaboration between the government and CBOs and innovative intervention approaches are essential for effective HIV surveillance and prevention among MSM in China. PMID: 24822214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Biomed Res)
Kenya: Ampath, USAID and Abbvie Foundation Announce That Home-Based HIV/Aids Counseling and Testing Initiative in Western Kenya Reached 1 Million People
[USAID]Washington, DC -Key Milestone in Effort to Curb AIDS Pandemic in East Africa (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
HIV patient nutrition more vital than once assumed
Access to HIV medication has significantly reduced the number of AIDS related deaths in Africa. Yet in a number of African countries, one in four HIV infected still dies within the first few months of commencing treatment. One reason for these deaths is malnutrition which causes the HIV-virus to develop more aggressively. Now a team of researchers has shown that a dietary supplement given during the first months of HIV treatment significantly improves the general condition of patients. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Discontinuation of ART Among Adults in HIV Care in the USDiscontinuation of ART Among Adults in HIV Care in the US
What is the prevalence and reason for ART discontinuation among HIV+ adults in the United States? JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Uganda: State Passes Another Repressive Law - - This Time Criminalising HIV Transmission
[IPS]Kampala -Ugandan AIDS bodies and campaigners have warned that the "ugly clauses" of an HIV bill passed by Parliament late Tuesday, which includes the criminalisation of the "wilful and intentional" transmission of the disease, will see many in this East African country "shun the healthcare system". (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Namibia: Expecting Swakop Mothers Refuse ARVs
[Namibian]A TOTAL of 19 expecting HIV-positive women from Swakopmund in the Erongo Region allegedly refused anti-retroviral (ARV) treatment in 2013. The ARV drugs are used to avoid HIV being transmitted to unborn babies by their mothers. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
HIV Guidelines Updated: Four Groups That Should Receive PrEPHIV Guidelines Updated: Four Groups That Should Receive PrEP
CDC recommends PrEP for these groups of uninfected individuals who are at high risk for HIV infection. CDC Expert Commentary (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
CDC Updates HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis GuidelinesCDC Updates HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis Guidelines
The CDC has outlined 4 groups that should receive PrEP and emphasizes the importance of adherence to medication and routine HIV testing. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Pharmacist Headlines)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Nigeria: UNAIDS Rallies Support for HIV/Aids Prevention
[This Day]The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), in close collaboration with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA), National Sport Commission (NSC), Nigeria Football Federation (NFF), Super Eagles, and Nollywood, has announced an official stopover on the "Protect the Goal" campaign world tour. The world tour, which runs under the slogan "From Soweto to Bahia", will take a "Protect the Goal" football from South Africa towards Brazil, around the oc (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Uganda Passes Another Repressive Law ? This Time Criminalising HIV Transmission
Uganda?s parliament has passed controversial legislation that criminalises the ?wilful and intentional? transmission of HIV. Activists have called the HIV Prevention and Management Bill ?giant leap backwards in the global struggle against HIV/AIDS.? Credit: Amy Fallon/IPSBy Amy FallonKAMPALA, May 15 2014 (IPS) Ugandan AIDS bodies and campaigners have warned that the ?ugly clauses? of an HIV bill passed by Parliament late Tuesday, which includes the criminalisation of the ?wilful and intentional? transmission of the disease, will see many in this East African country ?shun the healthcare system?. Activists are urging President Yoweri Museveni not to sign the 25-page HIV Prevention and Management Bill into law, describing certain parts as ?poison? and a ?giant ...
Zambia: New Chifundo Clinic Starts Ops
[Times of Zambia]THE newly constructed Chifundo Clinic in Chaisa Township in Lusaka, which was built by Aids Healthcare Foundation (AHF) has opened its doors to the public. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: HIV/Aids - Kogi Disburses N78 Million Grant to 18 CSOs
[Vanguard]The Kogi Government in Lokoja on Tuesday disbursed N78 million grant to 18 civil society organisations involved in the control and prevention of HIV and AIDS. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Uganda: Fear for HIV Response As Uganda Set to Criminalize Virus Transmission
[Key Correspondents]Activists warn that the passing of Uganda's controversial HIV bill, which criminalizes deliberate or attempted transmission of HIV, delivers a major blow to human rights and the country's response to the virus. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Zimbabwe: ARVs Not to Be Mixed With Other Remedies
[The Herald]TIMES are hard and ways to make money are devised almost every day. Newspapers are awash with adverts of traditional healers who claim to solve erectile problems, get male organ enlargements, get good jobs, loans or even promises of marriage. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Advocating Pill, U.S. Signals Shift to Prevent AIDS
Federal health officials recommended that hundreds of thousands of Americans at risk for AIDS take a daily pill shown to prevent infection with the virus that causes it. (Source: NYT Health)
AIDS in South Africa: Therapeutic interventions to strengthen resilience among orphans and vulnerable children
Worldwide, approximately 10% of the 34.2 million individuals infected by human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) are under the age of 18. Additionally, 17.8 million children have experienced one or both parents dying of HIV/AIDS. In comparison to other countries, South Africa has the highest per capita of recorded HIV/AIDS cases. These deaths have altered the social landscape by compromising the security and stability of communities and families. In order to address these challenges, research-based and practitioner-recommended interventions are offered to strengthen South African children's resilience and to facilitate their emotional well-being. In particular, orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) affected by HIV/AIDS must be supported in continuing the...
Aetiology and management of malnutrition in HIV-positive children
Worldwide, more than 3 million children are infected with HIV and, without treatment, mortality among these children is extremely high. Both acute and chronic malnutrition are major problems for HIV-positive children living in resource-limited settings. Malnutrition on a background of HIV represents a separate clinical entity, with unique medical and social aetiological factors. Children with HIV have a higher daily calorie requirement than HIV-negative peers and also a higher requirement for micronutrients; furthermore, coinfection and chronic diarrhoea due to HIV enteropathy play a major role in HIV-associated malnutrition. Contributory factors include late presentation to medical services, unavailability of antiretroviral therapy, other issues surrounding healthcare provision and food i...
Prevalence of developmental odontogenic cysts in children and adolescents with emphasis on dentigerous cyst and odontogenic keratocyst (keratocystic odontogenic tumor).
Conclusions. Adolescent patients with lesions located on the mandible would favor KCOT over dentigerous cyst. This study aids in better knowledge of the prevalence of developmental odontogenic cysts in a large pediatric population, and shows that a well-supported early diagnosis is indispensable for a more adequate treatment. PMID: 24832690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
[Perioperative management of anticoagulation.]
CONCLUSION: The perioperative management of coagulation is still a challenge. While there are consolidated decision aids for phenprocoumon, the approach under DOAC treatment is still controversial due to limited data. PMID: 24823997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Chirurg)
Spatial and social inequities in HIV testing utilization in the context of rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services in rural Mozambique.
Authors: Yao J, Agadjanian V, Murray AT Abstract The massive scale-up of HIV counseling, testing, and treatment services in resource-limited sub-Saharan settings with high HIV prevalence has significant implications for the course of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. It also offers important broader policy lessons for improving access to critical health services. Applying GIS-based methods and multilevel regression analysis to unique longitudinal three-wave survey data from rural Mozambique, this study investigates the impact of a rapid expansion of HIV-related services on access to and utilization of HIV testing. The results illustrate the declining importance of spatial barriers to utilization of HIV testing services as these services expanded. In addition, the expansion of HIV-related serv...
Spectrum of central nervous system disorders in hospitalized HIV/AIDS patients (2009?2011) at a major HIV/AIDS referral center in Beijing, China
Conclusion: Opportunistic infections, such as cryptococcal meningitis, cerebral toxoplasmosis and CNS tuberculosis were the most frequent diagnosis of CNS disease in hospitalized HIV/AIDS patients in You'an Hospital, Beijing, China. About 10% patients on ART were diagnosed as neurological IRIS in such a group of patients.Highlights: (Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences)
CDC Urges Anti-HIV Pill for People At High Risk of Infection
Targeted groups include people with an infected partner or those who don't practice safe sex Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS Medicines (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Africa: Road Injuries, Depression Top Adolescent Health Challenges - UN Agency
[UN News]Road traffic injuries, HIV/AIDS and suicide are the top killers of adolescents globally, while depression is the predominant cause of illness and disability, the United Nations reported today, urging a stronger focus on the health of boys and girls in their pre- and teen years. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Gilead HIV drug recommended by CDC to prevent AIDS virus
People at high risk of contracting HIV should pop Gilead Sciences Inc.'s Truvada pill once a day to decrease their chances of contracting the AIDS virus, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday. Truvada was approved in July 2012 by the Food and Drug Administration as the first drug to prevent HIV infection in combination with safe sex and regular testing. But the CDC's announcement is one of the first formal government endorsements of the Foster City-based company's drug as? (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
S.F. AIDS Foundation ready to 'pivot' to wellness, with less than one new HIV infection per day in town
The San Francisco AIDS Foundation has come a long way from the early 1980s when San Francisco was ground zero for a mystery epidemic that was killing thousands of gay men without explanation. So far, in fact, that the nonprofit foundation is ready to "pivot" to a new emphasis on health and wellness, symbolized by a new wellness center in the Castro District that will centralize several existing outposts there when it opens in early 2015. Over the last decade, San Francisco has seen roughly 5,000? (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
U.S. Recommends Daily Pill to Fight AIDS Infections
If followed, the advice from federal health officials that Americans at risk for AIDS take a daily pill shown to prevent infection could transform AIDS prevention. (Source: NYT Health)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Road injuries, depression top adolescent health challenges - UN agency
Road traffic injuries, HIV/AIDS and suicide are the top killers of adolescents globally, while depression is the predominant cause of illness and disability, the United Nations reported today, urging a stronger focus on the health of boys and girls in their pre- and teen years. (Source: UN News Centre - Women, Children, Population)
New Guidelines: Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV in the United States: A Clinical Practice Guideline
Preexposure Prophylaxis for HIV Prevention in the United States - 2013: A Clinical Practice Guideline provides comprehensive information for the use of daily oral antiretroviral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV infection in adults. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
New Guidelines: Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV in the United States: Clinical Providers? Supplement
This supplement to the PHS PrEP Clinical Practice Guidelines is intended to provide additional information that may be useful to clinicians providing PrEP. As additional materials become available, this document will be updated. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
Routine HIV Testing in an Acute Medical SettingRoutine HIV Testing in an Acute Medical Setting
How successful and sustainable is a routine, opt-out HIV testing policy in the acute setting of a general hospital? Sexually Transmitted Infections (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
Uganda: Uganda - Deeply Flawed HIV Bill Approved - President Should Reject Discriminatory Measure
[HRW]Kampala -The HIV Prevention and Control Act passed by the Ugandan parliament on May 13, 2014, is discriminatory and will impede the fight against AIDS, Human Rights Watch, HEALTH Global Advocacy Project, andUganda Network on Law, Ethics & HIV/AIDS said today. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
South Africa: How Jokes About You-Know-What Can Undo South Africa's HIV/AIDS Stigma
[Stand Up Planet]Ah, the penis: Freud based his life's work on it. Crowds paid to see Napoleon's in a museum. And at least one ex-congressman couldn't stop photographing it. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Nigeria: Compulsory HIV Test for Intending Couples
[Daily Trust]As part of efforts to prevent new infections and curb the further spread of the disease, the federal government has released a new National HIV/AIDS Prevention Plan. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
WHO calls for stronger focus on adolescent health
14 May 2014 -- WHO's "Health for the world?s adolescents" report reveals that depression is the predominant cause of illness and disability for both boys and girls aged 10 to 19 years. The top 3 causes of adolescent deaths globally are road traffic injuries, HIV/AIDS, and suicide. Worldwide, an estimated 1.3 million adolescents died in 2012. (Source: WHO news)
Mozambique: U.S Support for Antiretroviral Treatment
[AIM]The United States government, through the Presidential Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) funded the antiretroviral treatment of 366,000 Mozambicans last year. It also paid for testing and counselling 2.7 million citizens. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Nigeria: NACA Blames Deaths From HIV, Aids in Nigeria On Stigmatisation
[Premium Times]The National Agency for the Control of AIDS on Tuesday said deaths associated with HIV and AIDS was due to stigmatisation against persons living with the virus in their community. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Highlights from this issue
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) re-emerged in Western Europe in 2003, and has arguably now regained endemic status in many countries. It remains largely contained within in a population of men who have sex with men (MSM) with high rates of other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV, though a first female case was reported in Sexually Transmitted Infections in 2012.1 The first outbreak of a re-emerging STI, LGV has been the subject of a good deal of interest from epidemiologists&mdash;for example a recent article reflected on the challenges of interpreting epidemic dynamics from cross-sectional data.2 This month, we bring together four papers on LGV in a mini-series. De Vries et al present a fascinating case series, with some important clinical lessons which will no doubt gen...
The sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS Cochrane review groups
Accurate diagnosis, treatment and prevention of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) should be priorities for health systems around the world. Untreated or undertreated STIs can lead to infertility, cancer, chronic pelvic pain, and facilitate HIV transmission.1 New and existing treatments, tests and prevention strategies therefore need to be rigorously evaluated to assess their benefits and harms as this information is important for clinical decision-making and policy and guideline development. This editorial introduces the new Sexually Transmitted Infections Cochrane Review (STICR) group, which aims to support authors in summarising evidence about interventions and diagnostic tests used for genital tract infections. The Cochrane Collaboration focuses on developing and maintainin...
BASHH STI and HIV courses
The British Association of Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) has a long history of delivering high-quality postgraduate training in sexually transmitted infections (STI) and HIV. The range of courses, workshops and training days are aimed to meet the training needs of all those working in sexual health and HIV, be they in primary care or in specialist services. The BASHH STI and HIV course has been well established for many years, and has be designed and developed to deliver the knowledge and skills required for clincians working at a more &lsquo;specialist&rsquo; level than, for example, the STI Foundation (STIF) course. The content of the course is pitched at the level of a 2nd year GUM/HIV Specialist Registrar (SpR) and, while doctors training in the speciality remain in the majority of del...
Risk factors for rectal lymphogranuloma venereum in gay men: results of a multicentre case-control study in the UK
Conclusions Unprotected receptive anal intercourse is a key risk factor for rectal LGV with the likelihood that rectal-to-rectal transmission is facilitated where insertive anal sex also occurs. The association between HIV and rLGV appears linked to HIV-positive men seeking unprotected sex with others with the same HIV status, sexual and drug interests. Such men should be targeted for frequent STI screening and interventions to minimise associated risks. (Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections)
Characteristics of LGV repeaters: analysis of LGV surveillance data
Conclusions Among LGV repeaters, risk behaviour alone did not explain subsequent reinfection. LGV repeaters have a high level of other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) which may be linked to their central position in the sexual network that contributes to their heightened risk of STI acquisition. Given the low prevalence of LGV in the general MSM population, momentary increases in incidence in subsets of the population may be an important factor for LGV risk where the overall level of sexual risk behaviour is higher. Validating this would require research into sexual network structures. (Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Internet-based partner selection and risk for unprotected anal intercourse in sexual encounters among men who have sex with men: a meta-analysis of observational studies
Conclusions Encounters initiated online have elevated odds for entailing UAI and seroadaptive UAI practices. Online-delivered behavioural interventions should address insufficiency of risk-reducing practices involving UAI relative to consistent condom use and promote frequent HIV testing among MSM seeking UAI partners online. http://group.bmj.com/products/journals/instructions-for-authors/licence-forms. (Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections)
Uptake of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission using Option B+ in northern rural Malawi: a retrospective cohort study
To identify points of dropout on the pathway from offering HIV testing to maintenance on antiretroviral therapy (ART), following the introduction of the Option B+ policy for pregnant women in Malawi (lifelong ART for HIV-positive mothers and 6&nbsp;weeks nevirapine for the infants), a retrospective cohort study within a demographic surveillance system in northern Malawi. Women living in the demographic surveillance system who initiated antenatal care (ANC) between July 2011 (date of policy change) and January 2013, were eligible for inclusion. Women who consented were interviewed at home about their health facility attendance and care since pregnancy, including antenatal clinic (ANC) visits, delivery and postpartum care. Women's reports, patient-held health records and clinic health record...
High-risk human papillomavirus viral load and persistence among heterosexual HIV-negative and HIV-positive men
Conclusions HR-HPV genotypes with high viral load are more likely to persist among HIV-negative and HIV-positive men, though persistence was more common among HIV-positive men overall. The results may explain the association between high HR-HPV viral load and HR-HPV transmission. (Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections)
Trends in STIs 2000-2012 at a large clinic in Georgia: implications for policy
Sexually transmitted infections (STI) represent important medico-social problems in Georgia. One of the major contributing causes is the reduction in government financing for preventive programmes for STIs.1 At the Georgian National Scientific Research Centre of Dermatology and Venereology, which is the leading institution in the field, we have reviewed the medical histories of 9436 patients with syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydial infection and trichomoniasis who visited our institute between 2000 and 2012 as part of two of the broadest programmes on STI prevention: the National Programme for STI Prevention (NPSP) and the Global Foundation for the Struggle Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM). Our centre is one of two university clinics in the country which serve the whole popu...
Fifteen-minute consultation: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin abscess and lymphadenitis
Bacillus Calmette&ndash;Gu&eacute;rin (BCG) vaccine contains a live attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis, which provides 64% efficacy against tuberculous meningitis and 78% efficacy against disseminated tuberculosis.1 A number of local adverse reactions are recognised (abscess, suppurative lymphadentitis, keloid formation). An increased number of local complications were reported in the UK and Ireland since the introduction of a new BCG strain in 2002.2 3 It is important to distinguish between a normal vaccine response, a local complication and the very rare cases of systemic BCG infection that occur with immunodeficiency. Antibiotics and/or anti-tuberculous medication are rarely needed, except for systemic BCG infection. Natural history of BCG site After intradermal injection, BCG mul...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
'There's no place like home': perceptions of home-based HIV testing in Lesotho
HIV testing has the potential to reduce HIV transmission by identifying and counseling individuals with HIV, reducing risk behaviors, linking persons with HIV to care and earlier treatment, and reducing perinatal transmission. In Lesotho, a high HIV prevalence country in which a large proportion of the population has never tested for HIV, home-based testing (HBT) may be an important strategy to increase HIV testing. We identified factors influencing acceptability of HIV prevention strategies among a convenience sample of 200 pregnant or post-partum Basotho women and 30 Basotho men. We first conducted cross-sectional surveys, followed by key informant interviews with all 30 men and focus group discussions with a sub-set of 62 women. In total, 82% of women reported positive perceptions of HB...
Public health and church-based constructions of HIV prevention: black Baptist perspective
The black church is influential in shaping health behaviors within African-American communities, yet few use evidence-based strategies for HIV prevention (abstinence, monogamy, condoms, voluntary counseling and testing, and prevention with positives). Using principles of grounded theory and interpretive description, we explored the social construction of HIV prevention within black Baptist churches in North Carolina. Data collection included interviews with church leaders (n = 12) and focus groups with congregants (n = 7; 36 participants). Analytic tools included open coding and case-level comparisons. Social constructions of HIV/AIDS prevention were influenced by two worldviews: public health and church-based. Areas of compatibility and incompatibility exist between the two worldviews tha...
What's hot that the other lot got
Fibrinolysis for patients with intermediate-risk PE The use of fibrinolysis for normotensive patients with an intermediate risk of death after acute pulmonary embolism (PE) remains a controversial topic. The PIETHO trial (N Engl J Med 2014;370:1402&ndash;11) was a multicentre, double-blind trial, in which 1006 patients with acute PE and evidence of right ventricular dysfunction on echocardiography or CT, as well as positive cardiac troponin test, were randomly assigned to initial treatment with tenecteplase plus heparin, or placebo plus heparin. The primary outcome of death or haemodynamic compromise within 7 days of randomisation occurred in 13 of 506 patients (2.6%) in the fibrinolysis group and 28 of 499 patients (5.6%) in the placebo group (p=0.02). Haemodynamic compromise occurred in ...
Use of floss/interdental brushes is associated with lower risk for new cardiovascular events among patients with coronary heart disease
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that flossing and brushing of interdental spaces might reduce the risk for new cardiovascular events among patients with CHD. The hypothesis that interdental cleaning per se reduces the risk of new cardiovascular events should be examined in an interventional study. (Source: Journal of Periodontal Research)
Crystallographic studies of pharmacological sites in pentameric ligand-gated ion channels.
CONCLUSIONS: This review illustrates the wealth of structural insight gained by comparing all available structures of members of the pLGIC family to rationalize the pharmacology of structurally diverse drugs acting at topographically distinct sites. It will be highlighted how sites that had been described earlier using biochemical techniques can be rationalized using structural data. Surprisingly, the use of icosahedral symmetry allows to link together several modulation sites, in a way that was totally unanticipated. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Overall, understanding the interplay between the different modulation sites at the structural level should help the design of future drugs targeting pLGICs. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Structural Biochemistry and Biophysics of Me...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Africa: New Partnership to Respond to HIV and Health in Fragile States
[IFRC]More than a half of people living with HIV live in fragile states. These countries account for half of all under-five deaths and one-third of maternal deaths. A fragile state is one where we have a fundamental failure of the state to perform functions necessary to meet the basic needs and expectations of its citizens. The International HIV/AIDS Alliance and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) have embarked on a new partnership to build community capacity in fragile s (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Management of CV Conditions and Diabetes HIV+ AdultsManagement of CV Conditions and Diabetes HIV+ Adults
What are the risks of combining antiretroviral treatment with drugs prescribed for cardiovascular disease and diabetes in HIV-infected patients? HIV Medicine (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Nigeria: Jonathan, Maigari, Eagles Endorse 'Protect the Goal' Campaign
[Premium Times]The President of the Nigeria Football Federation, Aminu Maigari, on Monday joined President Goodluck Jonathan, Vice President Namadi Sambo, Secretary to Government of the Federation, Pius Anyim, Sports Minister, Tammy Danagogo and other prominent Nigerians in endorsing the new HIV awareness initiative tagged, Protect the Goal campaign. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: UNAIDS to Supply Two Million Condoms at World Cup
[Daily Trust]UNAIDS has announced plans to make available over two million condoms during the period of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: UNAIDS Appoints Jonathan As 'Face of Protect the Goal'
[Vanguard]The UNAIDS on Monday appointed President Goodluck Jonathan as Face of Protect the Goal, a global initiative to use football to reinforce messages on HIV prevention and treatment. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Kenya: Rise of Unsafe Sex in Youth
[The Star]Youth are less likely to use condoms or other contraceptives than adults. A report by Sub-Saharan Africa's Youth states that this has put them at a higher risk of unplanned pregnancies, STI's and HIV. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Early Treatment Can Save People Living With HIV
[The Star]Early ARV treatment significantly reduces the risk of AIDS and HIV related illnesses. A new study indicates that if people living with the HIV are initiated on the treatment early, then they have a lesser chance of the HIV virus progressing to AIDS, and also have a lower risk of getting TB, bacterial infections among others. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
CDC/HRSA Advisory Committee on HIV, Viral Hepatitis and STD Prevention and Treatment
This Committee is charged with advising the Director, CDC and the Administrator, HRSA, regarding activities related to prevention and control of HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis and other STDs, the support of health care services to persons living with HIV/AIDS, and education of health professionals and the public about HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis and other STDs. (Source: Federal Register updates via the Rural Assistance Center)
Rapid inflammasome activation in microglia contributes to brain disease in HIV/AIDS
Conclusions: NLRP3 inflammasome activation was an early and integral aspect of lentivirus infection of microglia, which was associated with lentivirus-induced brain disease. Inflammasome activation in the brain might represent a potential target for therapeutic interventions in HIV/AIDS. (Source: Retrovirology)
Sensorimotor integration aids speech perception [Neuroscience]
Although it is well accepted that the speech motor system (SMS) is activated during speech perception, the functional role of this activation remains unclear. Here we test the hypothesis that the redundant motor activation contributes to categorical speech perception under adverse listening conditions. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study,... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
U.S. Health Authority Endorses Daily Truvada to Prevent HIV
Advocates and public health official welcomed a long-awaited recommendation by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), calling for the use of Truvada (tenofovir + emtricitabine) to reduce the risk of HIV transmission in populations considered at high risk of infection....Read Full Post (Source: About AIDS / HIV)
Dual Therapy Effective in Newly Diagnosed HIV-1 InfectionDual Therapy Effective in Newly Diagnosed HIV-1 Infection
In previously untreated adults with HIV-1 infection, dual therapy with lopinavir and ritonavir plus lamivudine is as effective as triple therapy with lopinavir and ritonavir plus two NRTIs. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
Development and Implementation of a Workshop to Enhance the Effectiveness of Mentors Working with Diverse Mentees in HIV Research
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Namibia: Orphans Receive Food Donation
[New Era]Katima Mulilo -The Organisation for the Empowerment of Widows, Widowers and Orphans of HIV and AIDS in Namibia (OEWONA) has received a food donation from Model Pick n Pay worth N$3000. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Kenya: A Blind Girl,HIV Positive Men Among 20 Who Claim to Have Been Healed By Prohet Owuor
[The Star]A blind girl from Kabartonjo, Baringo subcounty is among a group of more than 20 patients who claim to have been healed during a crusade by prophet David Owuor in Eldoret town. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Nigeria: Population of People Living With HIV in Nigeria Grows Rapidly - Experts
[Leadership]Experts at the just-concluded American Conference on the Treatment of HIV held in Denver, Colorado state yesterday hinted that the population of the people living with HIV in Nigeria grows rapidly. They also reaffirmed that Nigeria carries the second heaviest burden of HIV in the entire African continent. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: 'Number of HIV Sufferers in Nigeria Rising '
[Leadership]Experts at the just-concluded American Conference on the Treatment of HIV held in Denver, Colorado State yesterday hinted that the population of the people living with HIV in Nigeria is on the increase. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Pilot-testing service-based planning for health care in rural Zambia
Conclusions: Although active, productive, and competent, health workers in these districts are too few to meet the leading health care needs of their populations. Given the specific competencies most lacking, on-site training of existing health workers to develop these competencies may be the best approach to addressing the identified gaps. Continued use of the service-based approach in Zambia will enhance the country?s ability to align the training, management, and deployment of its health workforce to meet the needs of its people. (Source: BioMed Central)
Timing of vasopressor initiation and mortality in septic shock: a cohort study
Conclusion: Marked delays in initiation of vasopressor/inotropic therapy are associated with a small increase in mortality risk in patients with septic shock. (Source: Critical Care)
Acute abdominal compartment syndrome as a complication of Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate: a case report
Conclusion: In rare cases when no obvious ruptures of the prostate capsule or the bladder occur during laser enucleation of prostate, knowledge regarding possible emersion of massive amounts of irrigant fluid into the retroperitoneal space leading to intra-abdominal compartment syndrome aids in the diagnosis and subsequent successful therapy of intra-abdominal hypertension. (Source: BMC Anesthesiology)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
The role of private health providers in HIV testing: analysis of data from 18 countries
Conclusions: These results suggest that strategies for supervising and engaging private health providers with regard to HIV testing should be country specific and take into account local context. (Source: International Journal for Equity in Health)
Donald Sterling's Attack of Magic Johnson Highlights Persisting AIDS Stigma
On the one hand, it seems pointless to toss one's hat into the ring and join the online tirade against L.A. Clipper's owner Donald Sterling. Watching his CNN interview with Anderson Cooper on Monday was simply a sad, sad spectacle, one which could easily dismissed as a misbegotten shot at redemption by an out-of-touch, armchair racist. It was a textbook debacle of almost Shakespearean scale, with every declaration by Sterling that "I am not a racist" sparking the immediate thought, "methinks ye protest too much."...Read Full Post (Source: About AIDS / HIV)
Pursuing Meaning and Purpose in Life Among Thai Adolescents Living With HIV: A Grounded Theory Study
This grounded theory study aimed to understand how Thai adolescents living with HIV pursued meaning and purpose in life. Data were gathered from 11 adolescents in southern Thailand who were between ages 18 and 20 years, and who had lived with HIV for 2 or more years. Purposive and theoretical sampling techniques were used to recruit the participants. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, participant observations, and field notes. Strauss and Corbin's (1998) grounded theory method guided data analysis. The core category of ?pursuing meaning and purpose in life among Thai adolescents living with HIV? emerged out of a recursive process of uncertainty, inferiority, self-realization, and growth that comprised three categories: (a) condition: realizing self-value, (b) strategy: b...
Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding HIV/AIDS among adult fishermen in coastal areas of Karachi
Conclusions: This study suggests that fishermen had very poor knowledge, negative attitudes towards HIV and AIDS and had unsafe sexual practices which suggest that they lack the basic understanding of HIV/AIDS infection. Extensive health education campaign should be provided to the vulnerable sections of the society for the control of HIV/AIDS. (Source: BioMed Central)
Kaposi Sarcoma in HIV-negative men who have sex with men.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 24814464 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Dermatology)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Decision Aids for Shared Decision-Making in Barrett's Esophagus Surveillance
(Source: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology)
Adolescence in the perspective of critical social psychology
O objetivo deste artigo é (re)introduzir alguns elementos para construir uma concepção alternativa de adolescência/adolescente que esteja em sintonia com os pressupostos ontológicos e epistemológicos da Psicologia Social Crítica e da Teoria das Representações Sociais. Partindo de uma experiência com adolescentes que vivem com HIV/aids em um hospital público do Sul do Brasil, trazemos à luz algumas inquietações teóricas com relação à concepção da adolescência/adolescente como um período universal e natural- uma concepção amplamente difundida na Psicologia. Como alternativa, foi proposto pensar a adolescência como um processo, ou como "devir"- termo que traz a possibilidade de "vir a ser", "tornar-se", "transformar-se", "metamorfosear-se"-, sem fronteiras delimitadas...
The origin of aids after three decades of their first diagnosis
O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar as representações sociais do pecado segundo grupos religiosos. Para tanto, realizamos a coleta de dados por meio de questionário com questões relacionadas aos dados pessoais dos sujeitos e sobre suas representações sobre o que é o pecado. Participaram da pesquisa, 223 estudantes de Ensino Médio da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 18 e 30 anos, que se autodefiniram como Católicos, Evangélicos e Sem Religião. Os dados foram analisados utilizando a análise de conteúdo. Quanto aos resultados, católicos e evangélicos representaram o pecado a partir do caráter prescritivo da moral, enquanto os sem religião o representaram em face do caráter desviante/criminoso. A representação social do pecado para o grupo dos...
24th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID)24th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID)
Read clinically focused news coverage of key developments from ECCMID 2014. Medscape Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
Liberia: Ellen Promises to Give HIV/Aids Priority
[NEWS]President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf says she will continue to ensure that HIV/AIDS, Gender Equality, Sexual & Gender Based Violence are given priority at the global level. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Africa: Global Fund Announces $310 Million in Renewal and Interim Funding
[GFO]The Board of the Global Fund on 25 April approved renewal and interim funding of up to $310 million. These announcements do not represent additional resources but rather reflect the country allocations announced on 12 March. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Zimbabwe: Lack of Information Fuels HIV Infection Among Zimbabwe's Youths
[Key Correspondents]At 16, Tapiwa* is angry at his parents, girls, peers and the whole world. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Africa: Aidspan Publishes Guide to the New Funding Model
[GFO]Aidspan in late April published its latest guide: Understanding the New Funding Model, now available for download on the Aidspan website at www.aidspan.org. French, Spanish and Russian editions will be available by 1 June. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Cote d'Ivoire: In Post-Conflict Côte d'Ivoire, the Supply Chain Follows the Front Lines
[GFO]A motorcycle bouncing along a rutted red dirt road carries a nurse from a public health center near the village of Tai. Clutched in his arms is a box packed with vaccines: a month's supply for his village that sits close to the Liberian border, in Côte d'Ivoire's restive and fractious west. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Uganda: Alarm As Uganda Moves to Criminalize HIV Transmission
[IRIN]Kampala -Activists in Uganda, where HIV prevalence is on the rise, have warned that new legislation criminalizing deliberate transmission of the virus will further undermine efforts to stem the AIDS epidemic and erode the rights of those living with HIV. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Nigeria: New HIV Plan to Enforce Pre-Marital Test
[Daily Trust]New round of plans for nationwide prevention of HIV is to emphasise pre-marital testing with the help of religious leaders. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: 150 HIV-Free Births Excite Gwagwalada
[Daily Trust]Authorities in Gwagwalada area council of Abuja are hoping to push forward a programme that helped prevent HIV transmission to more than 150 babies born to HIV-positive mothers last year. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Mozambique: United States Funds Antiretroviral Treatment
[AIM]Maputo -The United States government, through the Presidential Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), funded the antiretroviral treatment of 366,000 Mozambicans last year. In addition, it paid for the testing and counselling of 2.7 million citizens. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Malawi: 'HIV-Aids Almost Wiped Out Our Entire Family'
[Malawi News Agency]Lilongwe -A fourty year old woman (name withheld) says HIV/AIDS could have cleared the life out of her entire family if it were not for Anti Retro Viral therapy (ARVs). (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Nigeria: Cure for HIV and Aids Is Possible, Says Expert
[Vanguard]Prof. Suleiman Akanmu, Head, Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), on Thursday said that through continuous research the cure for HIV and AIDS could be achieved. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
[Perspective] Host Controls of HIV Neutralizing Antibodies
The unusual traits of broadly neutralizing antibodies for HIV-1 are stimulating new strategies to induce their production through vaccination. Authors: Barton F. Haynes, Laurent Verkoczy (Source: Science: Current Issue)
FDA Updates Rilpivirine (Edurant) Labeling
&ldquo;On May 1, 2014, FDA&nbsp;approved changes to the Edurant (rilpivirine) label to include drug-drug interaction with rilpivirine and metformin and rilpivirine and rifabutin. &ldquo;Under section 2 Dosage and Administration: &ldquo;Rifabutin Co-administration: For patients concomitantly receiving rifabutin, the EDURANT dose should be increased to 50 mg (two tablets of 25 mg each) once daily, taken with a meal.&nbsp; When rifabutin co-administration is stopped, the EDURANT dose should be decreased to 25 mg once daily, taken with a meal. &ldquo;Rilpivirine did not have a clinically significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of metformin.&rdquo; The revised label is available at the FDA website. More information is available: FDA: Press release AIDSinfo: Rilpivirine (Edurant) pa...
May 18 is HIV Vaccine Awareness Day
HIV Vaccine Awareness Day is observed each year on May 18. The day serves as an occasion to recognize and thank the many volunteers, community members, health professionals, and scientists working together toward finding an HIV vaccine. This day also serves to highlight the importance of HIV vaccine research. We invite you to explore our HIV Vaccine Awareness Day webpage [en espa&ntilde;ol] to learn more about this observance and HIV vaccine research that is currently in progress. (Source: AIDSinfo At-a-Glance: Offering Information on HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention, and Research, A Service of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS))
May 19 is National Asian and Pacific Islander HIV/AIDS Awareness Day
. The annual observance was founded by the Banyan Tree Project, with support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The goal of the project is to stop HIV/AIDS-related stigma in Asian and Pacific Islander communities. According to the Banyan Tree Project, &ldquo;&hellip; this type of discrimination prevents A&PIs [Asians and Pacific Islanders] from getting tested for HIV and from getting health care and other services they need to stay healthy.&rdquo; Explore our National Asian and Pacific Islander HIV/AIDS Awareness Day webpage [en espa&ntilde;ol] to learn more about the observance and find related information. (Source: AIDSinfo At-a-Glance: Offering Information on HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention, and Research, A Service of the U.S. Department of Health and Human S...
Early identification and linkage to care of persons with chronic hepatitis B virus infection - three u.s. Sites, 2012-2014.
This report describes programs at three sites (New York, New York; Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota; and San Diego, California) that conducted HBV testing, in clinical or community settings, and referred for medical evaluation and care those persons whose HBsAg test results were positive. During October 2012-March 2014, the three sites tested 4,727 persons for HBV infection; 310 (6.6%) were HBsAg-positive. Among the HBsAg-positive persons, 94% were informed of their results, 90% were counseled, 86% were referred for care, and 66% attended their scheduled first medical visit. These projects demonstrate that community-based programs can identify infected persons among populations with a high prevalence of HBV infection and refer HBsAg-positive persons for care. Individualized efforts to assis...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Expanding primary care capacity to treat hepatitis C virus infection through an evidence-based care model - Arizona and utah, 2012-2014.
Authors: Mitruka K, Thornton K, Cusick S, Orme C, Moore A, Manch RA, Box T, Carroll C, Holtzman D, Ward JW, Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the leading reason for liver transplantation and a common cause of hepatocellular carcinoma, the most rapidly increasing cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Of the approximately 3 million persons living with HCV infection in the United States, an estimated 38% are linked to care, 11% are treated, and 6% achieve cure. Recent development of highly effective and well-tolerated medications, such as sofosbuvir and simeprevir, to treat chronic HCV infection shows promise in curbing rising HCV-relat...
Evidence for intraspecific endocrine disruption of Geukensia demissa (Atlantic ribbed mussel) in an urban watershed.
Authors: Halem ZM, Ross DJ, Cox RL Abstract Populations undergo physiological adaptations in response to environmental stressors. Our 5-year bio-monitoring study of the Bronx River Estuary demonstrates comparatively low dissolved oxygen concentrations in this urbanized watershed. Additionally, our current results establish altered hormonal levels, resulting from endocrine disruption, in Geukensia demissa (Atlantic ribbed mussel) from the Bronx River Estuary. No studies have yet investigated a correlation between low dissolved oxygen and endocrine disruption in field-collected bivalves. Testosterone, estradiol, and progesterone levels were collected from male and female mussels in the oxygen depleted Bronx River and well-oxygenated Greenwich Cove. Bronx River mussels exhibited highe...
$4 million from Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation will support UCLA research
Two new gifts from The Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation to UCLA totaling $4 million will fund research in stem cell science and digestive diseases and support the recruitment of key faculty at two renowned research centers. The gifts bring to $30 million The Broad Foundation's total support of faculty recruitment and basic and translational research at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA and at the Center for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases at UCLA's Division of Digestive Diseases. A $2 million gift to the Broad Stem Cell Research Center adds to The Broad Foundation's original 2007 gift of $20 million, which has supported faculty and research and launched the Innovation Award program, which furthers cutting-edge research at the center by givin...
Uganda: ARVs a Bitter Pill to Swallow for Ugandan Children
[IPS]Kampala -Every morning at six a.m. before he goes to school, and every night at six p.m. after he gets home from school, Emmanuel, 11, knows what he must do: take his antiretroviral pills. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: HIV/Aids - New Prevention Strategy to Insist On Test Before Marriage
[This Day]Abuja -Devising a more pragmatic way to curb the spread of HIV/AIDS in the country, Nigeria's new National HIV/AIDS Prevention Plan is to insist on HIV test before marriage in both Christian and Muslim religions. Stakeholders, who made this known in Abuja at the National Prevention Plan Validation meeting, stressed that it remains a definite way to prevent new infections and curb further spread of the condition around the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
New Drug Combination Highly Effective For Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, a bloodborne liver disease, primarily acquired via unscreened blood products or blood transfusions, IV drug use, or inadequate sterilization of medical equipment in the healthcare setting, can potentially result in a condition known as cirrhosis or scarring of the liver and lead to liver cancer. Hepatitis C represents the most common chronic viral infection in the US, ranging in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong ailment. It is estimated that 130&ndash;150 million people globally have chronic hepatitis C infection, with about 3.5-4 million in the US alone, and nearly 350,000 to 500,000 people globally die each year from hepatitis C-related liver diseases. With an estimated 4 million people in the US with chronic hepatitis C, &nbsp;the dis...
South Africa's protracted struggle for equal distribution and equitable access - still not there
The purpose of this contribution is to analyse and explain the South African HRH case, its historical evolution, and post-apartheid reform initiatives aimed at addressing deficiencies and shortfalls. HRH in South Africa not only mirrors the nature and diversity of challenges globally, but also the strategies pursued by countries to address these challenges. Although South Africa has strongly developed health professions, large numbers of professional and mid-level workers, and also well-established training institutions, it is experiencing serious workforce shortages and access constraints. This results from the unequal distribution of health workers between the well-resourced private sector over the poorly-resourced public sector, as well as from distributional disparities between urban a...
Antiretroviral and Medication Errors in Hospitalized HIV-Positive Patients: A Review of the Literature.
CONCLUSIONS: Although studies varied greatly in methodology, overall, a large number of medication errors occurred in this patient population. This underscores the important role the pharmacist has in optimizing care to hospitalized HIV-positive patients and provides further insights into the types of medication errors that occur and proposed solutions to reduce these errors. Because medication errors are multifactorial, ongoing initiatives to improve the quality of medication reconciliation processes, educate the health care team on antiretroviral medications, and improve the drug distribution system are required. PMID: 24811394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy)
South Africa¿s protracted struggle for equal distribution and equitable access ¿ still not there
The purpose of this contribution is to analyse and explain the South African HRH case, its historical evolution, and post-apartheid reform initiatives aimed at addressing deficiencies and shortfalls. HRH in South Africa not only mirrors the nature and diversity of challenges globally, but also the strategies pursued by countries to address these challenges. Although South Africa has strongly developed health professions, large numbers of professional and mid-level workers, and also well-established training institutions, it is experiencing serious workforce shortages and access constraints. This results from the unequal distribution of health workers between the well-resourced private sector over the poorly-resourced public sector, as well as from distributional disparities between urban a...
Alcohol Fuels Liver Disease in Those with HIV and Hepatitis C
Large VA study shows heightened risk of advanced liver fibrosis for those co-infectedSource: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Alcohol, HIV/AIDS, Liver Diseases (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
UCLA Dentistry receives $2.36 million to provide dental care to patients with HIV/AIDS
Accessing affordable medical and dental care is a major challenge for people living with HIV and AIDS, many of whom are disabled and can not afford dental exams and treatment. For this underserved, vulnerable population, maintaining oral health is important not only for functional and aesthetic reasons, but also as part of overall HIV disease management.  To address that need, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health recently awarded the UCLA School of Dentistry a two-year grant of $2.36 million, which will enable UCLA to provide dental care for more than 1,000 people with HIV or AIDS each year. The funding is being channeled through the federal government's Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, which works with cities, states and community-based organizations to provide HIV-related serv...
Liberia: President Sirleaf Chairs National Aids Commission Board Meeting - Promises to Give HIV/Aids and Other Issues Priority Attention
[Liberia Govt]President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf says she will continue to advocate that HIV/AIDS, Gender Equality, Sexual & Gender Based Violence are given the priority attention they deserve at the global level in her capacity as a co-chair of the United Nations High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Divisions over Gender Complicate Development Agenda
A Kopal gender sensitisation meeting in Uttarkashi district, India, ranked the fourth most dangerous country in the world for women. Credit: Nitin Jugran Bahuguna/IPSBy Jonathan RozenUNITED NATIONS, May 7 2014 (IPS) As the U.N. focuses on refining its Post-2015 Development Agenda, divisions surrounding issues of population and development continue to plague consensus on a universal way forward. ?People have to be at the centre of development,? Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, executive director of the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), told IPS. ?I think we are beginning to see a greater commitment [of governments] to deliver on gender parity, girls rights, issues of gender-based violence and girls education.??I don?t think that many of these big problems are going to be resolved by exchan...
HIV/AIDS Highlights Gender Inequalities in Cuba
Pamphlets and condoms handed out by Cuba?s National Centre for Sex Education as part of its awareness-raising efforts. Credit: Jorge Luis Baños/IPS By Ivet GonzálezHAVANA, May 7 2014 (IPS) All illusions of love, trust and dedication to a relationship flew out the window for Mayda Torres in 1992, when she found out she was HIV-positive while undergoing routine exams to start a new job. ?I had a stable relationship. I wasn?t unfaithful. And I hadn?t ever had a sexually transmitted infection [STI],? the 49-year-old resident of the Cuban capital told IPS. ?When I got to the hospital [of Santiago de las Vegas, in Havana], I was shocked to see my husband there. He was HIV-positive and he never told me,? said Torres, who is now a sexual health outreach worker. ?Women must be tol...
Liberia: Gays Top HIV Population
[New Dawn]Studies on key and most-at-risk populations conducted in 2013 show high prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM), female commercial sex workers (FCSW), injecting drugs users (IDU), uniform service personnel, miners, transport workers and mobile traders, Liberia's Aids Commission says. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Liberia: U.S.$101 Million Awaits Liberia, But...
[NEWS]The National AIDS Commission has informed the Liberian Government that the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria has projected US$101,882,196.00 to combat the three health problems for the period of three years, but with a condition. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Verrucous herpes of the scrotum presenting clinically as verrucous squamous cell carcinoma: case report and review of the literature.
We report a case of a 36-year-old man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and an enlarging scrotal mass presumed to be of malignant origin but found to be a rare instance of verrucous herpes simplex type 2 infection of the scrotum. We also review the literature on this subject and discuss pathogenesis of the disease. PMID: 24795061 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science)
Morphological Manifestations of the Atypical Mycobacteriosis Caused by Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in the HIV Infected Patients.
Authors: Mayskaya MU, Otten TF, Ariel BM, Fedotova EP, Hunter RL, Nasyrov RA Abstract Infection with atypical mycobacteria (MAC) is a well-known complication of AIDS that typically occurs only in people with advanced immunodeficiency. We studied tissues from 13 patients with HIV and atypical mycobacterial infection who died in St Petersburg Russia from 2009-2012. Three patterns of disease were identified that suggest effects of host resistance. The first pattern was in people paucibacillary disease. They had positive blood cultures and histologic changes consistent with mycobacterial infection, but no stainable acid fast bacilli (AFB). The second group had disseminated infection in many organs including the lungs with extensive necrosis with many AFB. Finally, the third group had m...
Ancestors and Antiretrovirals: The Biopolitics of HIV/AIDS in Post?Apartheid South Africa, Claire Laurier Decoteau, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013; 344 pp.Scrambling for Africa: AIDS, Expertise, and the Rise of American Global Health Science, Johanna Tayloe Crane, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2013; 224 pp.
(Source: Medical Anthropology Quarterly)
Impact of Immigration on HIV-1 Molecular Epidemiology in West Africa, Maghreb and Southern Europe.
Authors: Miri L, Wakrim L, Kassar H, Hemminki K, Khyatti M Abstract There is global concern about the relation between international migration and the course of the AIDS epidemic. Maghreb is a North African region, which lies between sub-Saharan Africa and Europe. It has been turned recently into a region of immigration, since there are more and more flows of West African migrants hoping to reach European countries. Here we provide an overview on HIV-1 molecular epidemiology particularly in West African countries, Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia) and southern European countries (Spain, France, and Italy). The studies conducted in several countries of the region revealed different features of HIV-1 molecular epidemiology, especially for the distribution of viral subtypes and for ...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Association of maternal developmental disorder traits with child mistreatment: A prospective study in Japan.
Authors: Fujiwara T, Kasahara M, Tsujii H, Okuyama M Abstract Maternal mental disorders are known risk factors for child mistreatment. However, little is known about the involvement of maternal developmental disorder traits. The aim of this study was to examine maternal traits related to Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and their possible association with child mistreatment. Maternal PDD and ADHD were assessed through a self-administered questionnaire (N=846) during mid-pregnancy using the Pervasive Developmental Disorders Autism Society Japan Rating Scale (PARS) and Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS). The mothers completed another questionnaire on child mistreatment when the offspring was approximately 18 months of age. T...
Use of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine in HIV-infected Men for the Prevention of Anal Dysplasia and Cancer.
Authors: Cachay ER, Mathews WC Abstract There are two commercially available vaccines licensed worldwide for the prevention of cervical cancer and other human papillomavirus-associated cancers such as anal cancer. However, only two countries have implemented healthcare programs that include human papillomavirus vaccination for boys and men. Although most of the human papillomavirus-related cancers in the world are attributable to cervical cancer, in developed countries anal cancer accounts for a larger proportion of human papillomavirus-related cancers. Most cases of anal cancer occur in HIV-infected men who have sex with men. In this review, we discuss the burden of human papillomavirus-related cancers in men, the most plausible immune mechanism associated with the high efficacy o...
Usability Evaluation of Pharmacogenomics Clinical Decision Support Aids and Clinical Knowledge Resources in a Computerized Provider Order Entry System: A Mixed Methods Approach
(Source: International Journal of Medical Informatics)
Multiple instance learning for classification of dementia in brain MRI
Graphical abstract: Highlights: Abstract: Machine learning techniques have been widely used to detect morphological abnormalities from structural brain magnetic resonance imaging data and to support the diagnosis of neurological diseases such as dementia. In this paper, we propose to use a multiple instance learning (MIL) method in an application for the detection of Alzheimer?s disease (AD) and its prodromal stage mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In our work, local intensity patches are extracted as features. However, not all the patches extracted from patients with dementia are equally affected by the disease and some of them may not be characteristic of morphology associated with the disease. Therefore, there is some ambiguity in assigning disease labels to these patches. The problem ...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Updated Slide Set: HIV Incidence 2007-2010 (through 2010)
The HIV Incidence slide set has been updated with information from the 2011 HIV Surveillance Report. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
U.S. Nurses Raise Funds for South African AIDS Workers to Become Nurses
May 5, 2014 - Lauren Bruwer, RN, BSN, PCCN, clinical instructor for the department of nursing education and professional practice at The Cleveland Clinic (the Clinic), grew up in the South African village known as Hillcrest. It was there that Bruwer received her nursing education and practiced nursing for eight years. (Source: NurseZone.com Nursing News)
Uganda: Mosquito Nets Don't Eliminate Malaria but They Save Many Lives
[Observer]Malaria is arguably the leading killer disease in Uganda, ahead of HIV/Aids. Uganda faces over ten million malaria cases annually and about 100,000 Ugandans, especially children, die of malaria. The same disease is responsible for 40 per cent of all outpatients and 25 per cent of all admissions in Uganda's health facilities. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Angola: Lunda Sul Governor Wants Unity of Efforts Against Aids
[ANGOP]Saurimo -The governor of the eastern Lunda Sul Province, Cândida Maria Guilherme Narcisso, last Monday, in Saurimo City, appealed for the combination of efforts in society in the fight against HIV/Aids. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Georgia's New PR in HIV Formally Takes Over
[GFO]The National Center for Disease Control and Public Health hopes that new leadership will shift Georgia towards more successful implementation of Fund-supported programs (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Tanzania: HIV Transmission Worrisome in Mwanza
[Daily News]STATISTICS show that there is an increase in the infection rate of HIV from mother to child at between 20 and 45 per cent in Mwanza Region. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Africa: International Midwives Day - Africa Needs 551,000 Midwives to Reduce Maternal Mortality
[Key Correspondents]Thousands of mothers in Africa are dying in childbirth and 551,000 more midwives are desperately needed to help prevent unnecessary maternal deaths. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Zimbabwe: Woman Rapes, Infects Step Son With STI
[New Zimbabwe]A CHIREDZI woman who "raped" her mentally ill teenage stepson and infected him with a sexually transmitted disease will spend the next 13 years in prison. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Kenya: Kiambu MCA Fights HIV-Aids Stigma
[The Star]A Kiambu MCA will tomorrow table a motion in the county assembly seeking to abolish all segregated VCT and ART centers in the county's health institutions. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Malawi: HIV Positive Youth Lobby for Involvement in Decision Making On HIV Issues
[Malawi News Agency]Lilongwe -Youth living with HIV through their newly launched National Association of Young People Living with HIV in Malawi have asked government and other stakeholders to involve them in the decision making process on issues that directly affect them. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Malawi: Government Hails Formation of Association of Young People Living With HIV
[Malawi News Agency]Lilongwe -Minister of Industry and Trade Sosten Gwengwe, who is also People's Party Presidential running mate, has described the establishment of the National Association of Young People Living with HIV in Malawi as an indication of government's commitment towards the fight against HIV and AIDS. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Zambia: Zambia to Host 2014 Aids Indaba
[Times of Zambia]ZAMBIA is this week expected to host the eighth international HIV/AIDS Scientific conference dubbed the INTEREST workshop. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Blood Money: Bayer's Inventory of HIV-Contaminated Blood Products and Third World Hemophiliacs.
This article presents an overlooked case of research misconduct and violations of basic principles of medical and business ethics. When Bayer's Cutter Laboratories realized that their blood products, Factor VIII and IX or antihemophiliac factor (AHF), were contaminated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the financial investment in the product was considered too high to destroy the inventory. Cutter misrepresented the results of its own research and sold the contaminated AHF to overseas markets in Asia and Latin America without the precaution of heat treating the product recommended for eliminating the risk. As a consequence, hemophiliacs who infused the HIV-contaminated Factor VIII and IX tested positive for HIV and developed AIDS. PMID: 24785997 [PubMed - in process] (Source: A...
Nigeria: HIV/Aids - New Prevention Guidelines Stipulate Test Before Marriage
[Leadership]Nigeria's new National HIV/AIDS Prevention Plan has stipulated HIV test before marriage in both Christian and Muslim religions. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Decision Aids Definitely WorthwhileDecision Aids Definitely Worthwhile
This updated Cochrane review shows that decision aids live up to their name when it comes to making decisions on screening or treatment. Medscape Psychiatry (Source: Medscape Pediatrics Headlines)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Virus against Virus (VIVI): a potential solution against HIV/AIDS
Most therapeutic regimens are aimed at the use of pharmacologic agents or the induction of immunological response against the pathological agent. However, these methods tend to be insufficient for the management of some of the most debilitating infectious diseases. Here we present a novel therapeutic approach. It involves voluntary super-infection of a subject having HIV/AIDS with a virus (GBV-C), which to date has not been shown to be responsible for any pathology. It has been shown to counter, suppress or eradicate the agent responsible for the severe disease. Several studies demonstrate the role of different micro-organisms in influencing the growth of other pathogens in the human body. This hypothesis requires meticulous testing before its implementation on humans. If the trials are su...
Achieving the HIV Prevention Impact of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Lessons and Challenges for Managing Programs
by Sema K. Sgaier, Jason B. Reed, Anne Thomas, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is capable of reducing the risk of sexual transmission of HIV from females to males by approximately 60%. In 2007, the WHO and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) recommended making VMMC part of a comprehensive HIV prevention package in countries with a generalized HIV epidemic and low rates of male circumcision. Modeling studies undertaken in 2009?2011 estimated that circumcising 80% of adult males in 14 priority countries in Eastern and Southern Africa within five years, and sustaining coverage levels thereafter, could avert 3.4 million HIV infections within 15 years and save US$16.5 billion in treatment costs. In response, WHO/UNAIDS launched the Joint Stra...
Aligning faith-based and national HIV/AIDS prevention responses? Factors influencing the HIV/AIDS prevention policy process and response of faith-based NGOs in Tanzania
This article reports the findings from a study that explored the factors influencing the HIV/AIDS prevention policy process within faith-based non-governmental organizations (NGOs) of different faiths. These factors were examined within three faith-based NGOs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania&mdash;a Catholic, Anglican and Muslim organization. The research used an exploratory, qualitative case-study approach, and employed a health policy analysis framework, examining the context, actor and process factors and how they interact to form content in terms of policy and its implementation within each organization. Three key factors were found to influence faith-based NGOs&rsquo; HIV/AIDS prevention response in terms of both policy and its implementation: (1) the faith structure in which the organizati...
Lessons learned from stakeholder-driven sustainability analysis of six national HIV programmes
Conclusions Countries are increasingly willing to address the challenges of HIV programme sustainability, yet in different ways and with varying urgency. To secure achievements made to date and maximize future impact, countries would benefit from strengthening their strategic plans, operational plans and funding proposals with concrete timelines and responsibilities for addressing sustainability issues. (Source: Health Policy and Planning)
A Case of Primary HIV Type 1 and Cytomegalovirus Coinfection Presenting with Widespread Clinical Disease
We present a case of acute HIV-1 and CMV coinfection presenting with an acute febrile illness complicated by meningitis, hepatitis, and retinopathy. This and other similar cases demonstrate the need to consider CMV coinfection in acute HIV-1 disease, particularly in situations with significant end-organ damage. (Source: Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (JIAPAC))<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Physician Barriers to Successful Implementation of US Preventive Services Task Force Routine HIV Testing Recommendations
In 2006, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued recommendations supporting routine HIV testing in health care settings for all persons aged 13 to 64 years. Despite these recommendations, physicians are not offering HIV testing routinely. We apply a model that has previously identified 3 central, inter-related factors (knowledge-, attitude-, and behavior-related barriers) for why physicians do not follow practice guidelines in order to better understand why physicians are not offering HIV testing routinely. This model frames our review of the existing literature on physician barriers to routine HIV testing. Within the model, knowledge barriers include lack of familiarity or awareness of clinical recommendations, attitude barriers include lack of agreement with guidelines, ...
Trends and Factors Associated with Initial and Recurrent Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Skin and Soft-Tissue Infections among HIV-Infected Persons: An 18-Year Study
Conclusion: HIV control and avoidance of IDU may be useful in reducing rates of MRSA SSTIs among HIV-infected persons. (Source: Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (JIAPAC))
Perceived Family Support and Depression among People Living with HIV/AIDS in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal
Conclusion: In Nepal, PLWHA display a higher level of depression than HIV-negative people, and a lower level of PFS is associated with depression among PLWHA. Improved family support might be helpful in reducing depression among Nepalese PLWHA. (Source: Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (JIAPAC))
Pretreatment Loss-to-Follow-Up after HIV Diagnosis from 27 Counseling and Testing Centers across India: Findings from a Cohort Study
In conclusion, the majority of newly diagnosed PLHIV do reach ARTCs. Disclosure concerns and a perception of good health prevent PLHIV from accessing services. (Source: Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (JIAPAC))
Retention in Care within 1 Year of Initial HIV Care Visit in a Multisite US Cohort: Who's In and Who's Out?
We examined factors associated with attending at least 2 clinic visits at least 90 days apart among HIV-infected, antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naive HIV Outpatient Study participants entering care during 2000 to 2011. Of 1441 patients, 85% were retained in care during the first year of observation. Starting ART during the year was the strongest correlate of retention (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 6.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.4-9.4). After adjusting for starting ART, publicly insured patients (aOR 0.6, 95% CI 0.4-1.0), and patients with baseline CD4 counts &lt;200 cells/mm3 (aOR 0.5, 95% CI 0.3-0.9) or missing CD4 counts (aOR 0.3, 95% CI 0.2-0.6) were less likely to be retained in care. Although most patients had recommended biannual care visits, some ART-naive individuals may require a...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Impact of Poor Retention in HIV Medical Care on Time to Viral Load Suppression
Conclusion: Researchers should continue to study the impact of retention on clinical outcomes and strategies to improve retention and reengage those lost to follow-up back into care. (Source: Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (JIAPAC))
Relationship of Vitamin D, HIV, HIV Treatment, and Lipid Levels in the Women's Interagency HIV Study of HIV-Infected and Uninfected Women in the United States
Relationships between vitamin D, lipids, HIV infection, and HIV treatment (&plusmn;antiretroviral therapy [ART]) were investigated with Women&rsquo;s Interagency HIV Study data (n = 1758 middle-aged women) using multivariable regression. Sixty-three percent of women had vitamin D deficiency. Median 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH vitamin D) was highest in HIV-infected + ART-treated women (17 ng/mL; P &lt; .001) and was the same in HIV-uninfected or HIV-infected women without ART (14 ng/mL). Vitamin D levels were lower if efavirenz (EFV) was included in ART (15 versus 19 ng/mL; P &lt; .001). The most common lipid abnormality was high triglycerides (&ge;200 mg/dL) in HIV-infected + ART-treated women (13% versus 7% of HIV-infected without ART and 5% of HIV-uninfected; P &lt; .001), with a positive...
Effects of Stigmatization/Discrimination on Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence among HIV-Infected Patients in a Rural Tertiary Medical Center in Nigeria
Conclusion: The PLWHAs with low levels of stigmatization and discrimination are more likely to adhere to ART than those with high levels. Counseling services and health education on adherence should be a strong component of all PLWHA care. (Source: Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (JIAPAC))
A Pharmacy-Only Refill Program at a Large HIV Clinic in Uganda: Experience and Satisfaction of Patients
Conclusion: All patients interviewed scored the program high, and all recommended that the PRP should continue. Stable patients prefer to see clinicians less frequently and visit clinic less often. (Source: Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (JIAPAC))
Improving PMTCT Uptake in Rural South Africa
Discussion: Results indicate that increasing male attendance at antenatal clinic visits may be "necessary but not sufficient" to increase PMTCT uptake. Increasing HIV knowledge of both partners and encouraging active male participation in the PMTCT process through psychoeducational interventions may be a strategy to increase the uptake of PMTCT in South Africa. (Source: Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (JIAPAC))<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Coinfection with Hepatitis C Virus among HIV-Positive People in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal
Conclusion: The high prevalence of HCV coinfection among both individuals receiving ART and those not receiving ART suggests that screening for HCV among HIV-positive people would be useful, in particular, for those with lifetime IDU and soon after their HIV diagnosis. (Source: Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (JIAPAC))
Transient Antibody-Mucin Interactions Produce a Dynamic Molecular Shield against Viral Invasion.
Authors: Chen A, McKinley SA, Wang S, Shi F, Mucha PJ, Forest MG, Lai SK Abstract Given the difficulty in finding a cure for HIV/AIDS, a promising prevention strategy to reduce HIV transmission is to directly block infection at the portal of entry. The recent Thai RV144 trial offered the first evidence that an antibody-based vaccine may block heterosexual HIV transmission. Unfortunately, the underlying mechanism(s) for protection remain unclear. Here we theoretically examine a hypothesis that builds on our recent laboratory observation: virus-specific antibodies (Ab) can trap individual virions in cervicovaginal mucus (CVM), thereby reducing infection in vivo. Ab are known to have a weak-previously considered inconsequential-binding affinity with the mucin fibers that constitute C...
What do parents need to enhance participation of their school?aged child with a physical disability? A cross?sectional study in the Netherlands
ConclusionsAs parents have a major influence on participation of children with a physical disability, meeting their individual needs should become an objective for service providers and policy makers. Family?centred service might be more effective by putting a greater emphasis on changing the environment. (Source: Child: Care, Health and Development)
Correspondence Between the RAND-Negative Impact of Asthma on Quality of Life Item Bank and the Marks Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire.
CONCLUSIONS: The ability to translate scores from the RAND-IAQL toolkit to other "legacy" (ie, commonly used) measures increases the value of the new toolkit, aids in interpretation, and will hopefully facilitate adoption by asthma researchers and clinicians. More generally, the techniques we illustrate can be applied to other newly developed or existing measures in the PRO research field to obtain crosswalks with widely used traditional legacy instruments. PMID: 24813430 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Therapeutics)
HIV/AIDS and STD Updates
AIDS Patient Care and STDs May 2014, Vol. 28, No. 5: 274-276. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
HIV+ Men Need Reproductive Counseling Too: Assessing Childbearing Goals and Provider Communication Among HIV+ Male Patients in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
AIDS Patient Care and STDs May 2014, Vol. 28, No. 5: 254-259. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Therapeutic Potential of and Treatment with Boceprevir/Telaprevir-Based Triple-Therapy in HIV/Chronic Hepatitis C Co-Infected Patients in a Real-World Setting
AIDS Patient Care and STDs May 2014, Vol. 28, No. 5: 221-227. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
Exercise training as treatment in cancer cachexia
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, e-First Articles. Cachexia is a wasting syndrome that may accompany a plethora of diseases, including cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, aids, and rheumatoid arthritis. It is associated with central and systemic increases of pro-inflammatory factors, and with decreased quality of life, response to pharmacological treatment, and survival. At the moment, there is no single therapy able to reverse cachexia many symptoms, which include disruption of intermediary metabolism, endocrine dysfunction, compromised hypothalamic appetite control, and impaired immune function, among other. Growing evidence, nevertheless, shows that chronic exercise, employed as a tool to counteract systemic inflammation, may represent a low-cost, safe alt...
Soy sauce molecule may unlock drug therapy for HIV patients
For HIV patients being treated with anti-AIDS medications, resistance to drug therapy regimens is commonplace. Often, patients develop resistance to first-line drug therapies, such as Tenofovir, and are forced to adopt more potent medications. Virologists now are testing the next generation of medications that stop HIV from spreading, and are using a molecule related to flavor enhancers found in soy sauce, to develop compounds that are more potent than Tenofovir. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
The Complexity of HIV Persistence and Pathogenesis in the Lung Under Antiretroviral Therapy: Challenges Beyond AIDS
Viral Immunology , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: Viral Immunology)
Rwanda: Hundreds Join Debnath in Ride Against HIV
[New Times]RWANDANS and the Indian community cyclists joined Somen Debnath in a cycling rally yesterday aimed at increasing awareness about HIV/Aids. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Tanzania: Men Can Reduce Mother to Child HIV Transmission
[Daily News]MALE partner involvement during their partners' pregnancy can reduce mother to child HIV transmission, as most fathers have never seen the inside of an antenatal clinic. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Tanzania: HIV-Aids Coordinators Urged to Strengthen Capacities
[Daily News]Moshi -THE Kilimanjaro Regional Administrative Secretary (RAS), Dr Faisal Issa, has called upon HIV/Aids coordinators in the northern zone to strengthen institutional, societal and individual capabilities in the war against the disease. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Tanzania: A Million Children Orphaned As a Result of HIV-Aids
[Daily News]APPROXIMATELY 1.3 million children in the country are orphans after HIV/AIDS claimed the lives of their parents, the Executive Director of Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS), Dr Fatma Mrisho has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Malawi: Child Labour and HIV/Aids Affecting Fishing Industry in Malawi
[Malawi News Agency]Mangochi -The Ministry of Agriculture through the Department of Fisheries has acknowledged that child labour and HIV/Aids are affecting the fishing industry since most of the fishermen are dying of HIV/Aids pandemic. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Africa: Churches Must Support Vulnerable People Faced With HIV Threat
[WCC]African churches must confidently step into the lives of minority groups suffering from HIV and AIDS supporting them irrespective of their circumstances, said, author of A Walk at Midnight: Journeying with Abused Women and Girls towards inner Dignity and Wholeness, Catherine Mumbi Wanjohi, known for her work for sex workers faced with threat of HIV and AIDS in Kenya. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Soy sauce molecule may unlock drug therapy for HIV patients
(University of Missouri-Columbia) For HIV patients being treated with anti-AIDS medications, resistance to drug therapy regimens is commonplace. Often, patients develop resistance to first-line drug therapies, such as Tenofovir, and are forced to adopt more potent medications. Virologists at the University of Missouri now are testing the next generation of medications that stop HIV from spreading, and are using a molecule related to flavor enhancers found in soy sauce, to develop compounds that are more potent than Tenofovir. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Global Health Development Assistance Remained Steady In 2013 But Did Not Align With Recipients' Disease Burden [Web First]
Tracking development assistance for health for low- and middle-income countries gives policy makers information about spending patterns and potential improvements in resource allocation. We tracked the flows of development assistance and explored the relationship between national income, disease burden, and assistance. We estimated that development assistance for health reached US$31.3&nbsp;billion in 2013. Increased assistance from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria; the GAVI Alliance; and bilateral agencies in the United Kingdom helped raise funding to the highest level to date. The largest portion of health assistance targeted HIV/AIDS (25&nbsp;percent); 20&nbsp;percent targeted maternal, newborn, and child health. Disease burden and economic development were signi...
BookMarks [BookMarks]
(Source: Health Affairs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Extended First Look: HBO's AIDS Drama 'The Normal Heart'
In advance of the May 25th premiere of the much-anticipated AIDS drama, The Normal Heart, HBO released an extended behind-the-scenes at the making of the film. Based on the Tony Award-winning play by Larry Kramer, the film presents a dramatic account of the AIDS crisis in the early 1980s from the perspective of Kramer's playwright avatar, Ned Weeks....Read Full Post (Source: About AIDS / HIV)
Loss of Corneal Sensory Nerve Fibers in SIV-Infected Macaques: An Alternate Approach to Investigate HIV-Induced PNS Damage.
Authors: Dorsey JL, Mangus LM, Oakley JD, Beck SE, Kelly KM, Queen SE, Metcalf Pate KA, Adams RJ, Marfurt CF, Mankowski JL Abstract Peripheral neuropathy is the most frequent neurological complication of HIV infection, affecting more than one-third of infected patients, including patients treated with antiretroviral therapy. Although emerging noninvasive techniques for corneal nerve assessments are increasingly being used to diagnose and monitor peripheral neuropathies, corneal nerve alterations have not been characterized in HIV. Here, to determine whether SIV infection leads to corneal nerve fiber loss, we immunostained corneas for the nerve fiber marker ?III tubulin. We developed and applied both manual and automated methods to measure nerves in the corneal subbasal plexus. The...
Extended-Release Drug Aids Walking in MS
PHILADELPHIA (MedPage Today) -- A long-lasting version of a multiple sclerosis drug improved walking and balance, a researcher said here. (Source: MedPage Today Meeting Coverage)
HIV/AIDS Patients, Drinking, and Unprotected SexHIV/AIDS Patients, Drinking, and Unprotected Sex
Although it's not surprising that drinking alcohol can lead to risky sex, a new review finds the same may hold true for people living with HIV/AIDS. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
Angelica Sinensis promotes myotube hypertrophy through the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway
Conclusion: The results confirmed that AS induces hypertrophy in myotubes through the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway. (Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Erratum: Correction
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses May 2014, Vol. 30, No. 5: 509-509. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome-Unmasking Endophthalmic, Lymphadenopathic, and Neuromeningeal Cryptococcosis in an HIV-Infected Patient Starting Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses May 2014, Vol. 30, No. 5: 434-435. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
Short Communication: CD4 T Cell Declines Occurring During Suppressive Antiretroviral Therapy Reflect Continued Production of Casp8p41
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses May 2014, Vol. 30, No. 5: 476-479. (Source: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses)
MS Drug Aids Walking in Rare Condition
PHILADELPHIA (MedPage Today) -- A drug that aids walking in people with multiple sclerosis may have a similar benefit in those with a rare form of paraplegia, a researcher said here, (Source: MedPage Today Meeting Coverage)
New: National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) Operational Documents
This page houses documents that are provided as guidance for NHBS operational implementations. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Ethiopia: Ethiopia's Fight Against AIDs an Example to World, Kerry Says
[State Department]During a visit to Gandhi Memorial Hospital in Addis, Ababa, Secretary Kerry praises the effectiveness of the Ethiopian-U.S. partnership committed to "investing in a healthy future together" and joining forces to combat HIV/AIDS. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Africa: People Living With HIV - Renewing Our Commitment
[IFRC]The Global Network of People living with HIV (GNP+) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) signed a renewed partnership last week dedicated to strengthening the engagement of people living with HIV in the response to HIV/AIDS . The partnership focuses on the Movement's work on rapidly expanding access to HIV care including voluntary counselling, HIV testing, treatment and services. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
[World Report] South Africa's battle against HIV/AIDS gains momentum
A recent survey by South African researchers emphasises the weaknesses and strengths of the country's current efforts to curb the HIV/AIDS epidemic. John Maurice reports. (Source: LANCET)
Updated Fact Sheet: HIV Transmission Risk
The risk of getting HIV varies widely depending on the type of exposure. For some exposures, risk of transmission, while biologically plausible, is so low that it is not possible to provide a precise number. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
A systematic review of health service interventions to improve linkage with or retention in HIV care
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Parenting considerations in young adults with perinatally acquired HIV
(Source: AIDS Care)
Using an innovative mixed method methodology to investigate the appropriateness of a quantitative instrument in an African context: Antiretroviral treatment and quality of life
(Source: AIDS Care)
Negative labeling and social exclusion of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in the antiretroviral therapy era: insight from attitudes and behavioral intentions of female heads of households in Zambézia Province, Mozambique
(Source: AIDS Care)
Experiences of community and parental violence among HIV-positive young racial/ethnic minority men who have sex with men
(Source: AIDS Care)
Barriers to antiretroviral treatment access for injecting drug users living with HIV in Chennai, South India
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Cigarette smoking and alcohol use as predictors of HIV testing in the United States: results from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey
(Source: AIDS Care)
The challenge of referring HIV-positive pregnant women with treatment indication from PMTCT to ART services: a retrospective follow-up study in Mbeya, Tanzania
(Source: AIDS Care)
Sexual risk behaviors and psychosocial health concerns of female-to-male transgender men screening for STDs at an urban community health center
(Source: AIDS Care)
Adherence to antiretroviral therapy and its determinants in children with HIV infection &#8211; Experience from Paediatric Centre of Excellence in HIV Care in North India
(Source: AIDS Care)
Gender and risk behaviors for HIV and sexually transmitted infections among recently released inmates: A prospective cohort study
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Homophobic stigma, depression, self-efficacy and unprotected anal intercourse for peri-urban township men who have sex with men in Cape Town, South Africa: a cross-sectional association model
(Source: AIDS Care)
An intervention study examining the effects of condom wrapper graphics and scent on condom use in the Botswana Defence Force
(Source: AIDS Care)
Percentage and determinants of missed HIV testing in pregnancy: a survey of women delivering in the Lazio region, Italy
(Source: AIDS Care)
Barriers and facilitators of retention in HIV care and treatment services in Iringa, Tanzania: the importance of socioeconomic and sociocultural factors
(Source: AIDS Care)
Factors affecting adherence to short-course ARV prophylaxis for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a review and lessons for future elimination
(Source: AIDS Care)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Retention in psychiatric treatment in a Canadian sample of HIV-positive women
(Source: AIDS Care)
The influence of sexually explicit online media on sex: do men who have sex with men believe they &#8220;do what they see&#8221;?
(Source: AIDS Care)
Nigeria: UN Lauds Nasarawa HIV/Aids Initiatives
[CAJ News]Abuja -THE United Nations Secretary General's Special Envoy on financing health Millenium Development Goals and malaria, Alan Court, has commended the government's effort in reducing HIV/AIDS in Nassarawa State. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
"Patient Zero": The Absence of a Patient's View of the Early North American AIDS Epidemic.
This article contextualizes the production and reception of And the Band Played On, Randy Shilts's popular history of the initial recognition of the American AIDS epidemic. Published over twenty-five years ago, the book and its most notorious character, "Patient Zero," are in particular need of a critical historical treatment. The article presents a more balanced consideration-a "patient's view"-of Gaétan Dugas's experience of the early years of AIDS. I oppose the assertion that Dugas, the so-called Patient Zero, ignored incontrovertible information about the condition and was intent on spreading his infection. Instead I argue that scientific ideas in 1982 and 1983 about AIDS and the transmissibility of a causative agent were later portrayed to be more self-evident than they were at the t...
Cross-Sectional Study of Unexplained White Matter Lesions in HIV Positive Individuals Undergoing Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging
AIDS Patient Care and STDs , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: AIDS Patient Care and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Depressive symptoms, self-esteem, HIV symptom management self-efficacy and self-compassion in people living with HIV
(Source: AIDS Care)
Minnesota Independent Cooperative Inc. (MICOOP) Joins the 2014...
Minnesota Independent Cooperative Inc. will be the Title-Sponsor of the 2014 MN AIDS Walk for the second year in a row to prevent HIV.(PRWeb May 01, 2014)Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/05/prweb11808127.htm (Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals)
WHO warns about threat of drug resistance
?WHO calls for urgent action to preserve power of antibiotics and make new ones,? The Guardian reports. The World Health Organization (WHO), has published a report highlighting the growing global threat of drug resistance. Expert opinions on the implications of the WHO report have been informative, such as the quote, on BBC News, from Dr Jennifer Cohn, medical director of Médecins sans Frontières' Access Campaign, who said that this report should be ?a wake-up call to governments to introduce incentives for industry to develop new, affordable antibiotics that do not rely [on] patents and high prices and are adapted to the needs of developing countries?.   What is the basis for these current reports? The WHO has produced a report entitled ?Antimicrobial resistance: Global repo...
New FOA: PS14-1409 Assisting Directly Funded AIDS Directors in Urban Jurisdictions and Other HIV Prevention Partners in Meeting the Changes in the Public Healthcare Systems and HIV Prevention Landscape
Assisting Directly Funded AIDS Directors in Urban Jurisdictions and Other HIV Prevention Partners in Meeting the Changes in the Public Healthcare Systems and HIV Prevention Landscape. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)
Nigeria: As Senate Passes HIV and Aids Anti-Discrimination Bill
[Independent]As this newspaper has repeatedly said, the country is not lacking enough good laws to solve most of her problems but what is grossly lacking is the political will and sagacity of the appropriate authorities to implement laws selflessly for the public good. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
First-line antiretroviral therapy with nevirapine versus lopinavir-ritonavir based regimens in a resource-limited setting
Conclusion:In resource-limited settings, first-line NNRTI-NRTI regimen as compared with bPI-based regimen provides similar outcome but is associated with a significantly higher number of virologic failure and resistance mutations in both classes that jeopardize future options for second-line therapy. (Source: AIDS)
Sexual risk behaviour and viral suppression among HIV-infected adults receiving medical care in the United States
Conclusion:The majority of HIV-infected adults receiving medical care in the U.S. did not engage in sexual risk behaviours that have the potential to transmit HIV, and of the 12% who did, approximately half were not virally suppressed. Persons who were virally suppressed were less likely than persons who were not suppressed to engage in sexual risk behaviours. (Source: AIDS)
Impact on life expectancy of HIV-1 positive individuals of CD4+ cell count and viral load response to antiretroviral therapy
The objective of this study is to estimate life expectancies of HIV-positive patients conditional on response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods:Patients aged more than 20 years who started ART during 2000?2010 (excluding IDU) in HIV clinics contributing to the UK CHIC Study were followed for mortality until 2012. We determined the latest CD4+ cell count and viral load before ART and in each of years 1?5 of ART. For each duration of ART, life tables based on estimated mortality rates by sex, age, latest CD4+ cell count and viral suppression (HIV-1 RNA (Source: AIDS)
Mozambique: Bringing High-End Care to Those Who Need It Most
[MSF]MSF introduced viral load monitoring in Mozambique last year, the gold standard of care for HIV patients. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Sa1289 Culture-Independent Quantitation of in C57BL/6 Mice Aids Mechanistic Study of Disease Pathophysiology and Protective Immunology
(Source: Gastroenterology)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Updated HHS Adult and Adolescent Antiretroviral Treatment Guidelines Released
The HHS Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents announces the release of the updated Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents. Key additions and revisions to the guidelines include: Addition of &ldquo;Cost Considerations and Antiretroviral Therapy,&rdquo; a new section that discusses strategies to contain costs without compromising treatment effectiveness. Changes to recommendations on the frequency of CD4 count monitoring, including a table that outlines the updated recommendations. Change in classification of recommendations for initial treatment from &ldquo;Preferred Regimens&rdquo; to &ldquo;Recommended Regimens&rdquo; to reflect the expanding options for treatment-naive patients. Increased emphasis on key ...
Enhancing awareness to mitigate the risk of HIV/AIDS in older adults.
This article reviews recent literature concerning HIV/AIDS in older adults, as regard the related epidemiological, clinical and public health issues, with a view to suggesting how the rising rate of HIV transmission in this age group might be mitigated, and shows the main points that HCP should tackle to identify older people at risk of HIV infection. In summary, there is a pressing need to develop effective prevention schemes and to adapt clinical and programmatic approaches to improve the survival of older people with HIV. PMID: 24789219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research)
Improving anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation: observational study in three primary care trusts.
CONCLUSIONS: The APEL programme supports improvement in clinical managing AF by a combined programme of education around agreed guidance, computer aids to facilitate decision-making and patient review and feedback of locally identifiable results. If replicated nationally over 3 years, such a programme could result in approximately 1600 fewer strokes every year. PMID: 24771841 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of General Practice)
Water rescue with aids. Do they improve rescue and cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance?
(Source: Resuscitation)
Epidemiologic Trends in Head and Neck Cancer and Aids in Diagnosis
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is the sixth most common cancer worldwide predominately associated with tobacco use. Changing cause and increased incidence in oropharyngeal carcinomas is associated with high-risk types of human papilloma virus and has an improved survival. Optical devices may augment visual oral examination; however, their lack of specificity still warrants tissue evaluation/biopsy. Histologic factors of oral carcinomas are critical for patient management and prognostic determination. Clinical biomarkers are still needed to improve early detection, predict malignant transformation, and optimize therapies. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Decision Aids for Organ Transplant Candidates
(Source: Liver Transplantation)
Epidemiologic Trends in Head and Neck Cancer and Aids in Diagnosis.
Authors: Vigneswaran N, Williams MD Abstract Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is the sixth most common cancer worldwide predominately associated with tobacco use. Changing cause and increased incidence in oropharyngeal carcinomas is associated with high-risk types of human papilloma virus and has an improved survival. Optical devices may augment visual oral examination; however, their lack of specificity still warrants tissue evaluation/biopsy. Histologic factors of oral carcinomas are critical for patient management and prognostic determination. Clinical biomarkers are still needed to improve early detection, predict malignant transformation, and optimize therapies. PMID: 24794262 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Surgical Clinics of North America)
?What is this active surveillance thing?? Men's and partners' reactions to treatment decision making for prostate cancer when active surveillance is the recommended treatment option
ConclusionsTo reduce distress frequently experienced by men diagnosed with LPC and their partners during treatment decision making and ongoing AS monitoring, the following are needed: improved community and medical awareness of AS; consistent information about when radical treatment is required; and consistent, unbiased information on treatment options, prognostic indicators, and side effects. Regularly updated decisional support information/aids incorporating men's values are imperative. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Doyal, L. and Doyal, L. Living with HIV and Dying with AIDS: Diversity, Inequality and Human Rights in the Global Pandemic. Farnham: Ashgate. 2013. xii + 249pp £25.00 (pbk) £65.00 (hbk) ISBN: 9781409431114
(Source: Sociology of Health and Illness)
Social Contexts and Building Social Capital for Collective Action: Three Case Studies of Volunteers in the Context of HIV and AIDS in South Africa
ABSTRACTSocial capital is increasingly conceptualised in academic and policy literature as a panacea for a range of health and development issues, particularly in the context of HIV. In this paper, we conceptualise social capital as an umbrella concept capturing processes including networks, norms, trust and relationships that open up opportunities for participation and collective action that allow communities to address issues of common concern. We specifically outline social capital as comprising three distinct forms: bonding, bridging and linking social capital. Rather than presenting original data, we draw on three well?documented and previously published case studies of health volunteers in South Africa. We explore how social contexts shape the possibility for the emergence and sust...<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Beat It! Music Overloads Novice Dancers
SummaryTogether with melody, harmony, and timbre, rhythm and beat provide temporal structure for movement timing. Such musical features may act as cues to the phrasing and dynamics of a dance choreographed to the music. Novice dancers (N?=?54) learned to criterion a novel 32?s dance?pop routine, either to full music or to the rhythm of that music. At test, participants recalled the dance to the same music, rhythm, new music, and in silence. If musical features aid memory, then full music during learning and test should result in superior dance recall, whereas if rhythm alone aids memory, then rhythm during learning and test should result in superior recall. The presence of a rhythm accompaniment during learning provided a significantly greater memory advantage for the recall of dan...
Sound transmission by cartilage conduction in ear with fibrotic aural atresia.
Authors: Morimoto C, Nishimura T, Hosoi H, Saito O, Fukuda F, Shimokura R, Yamanaka T Abstract A hearing aid using cartilage conduction (CC) has been proposed as an alternative to bone conduction (BC) hearing aids. The transducer developed for this application is lightweight, requires a much smaller fixation force than a BC hearing aid, and is more convenient to use. CC can be of great benefit to patients with fibrotic aural atresia. Fibrotic tissue connected to the ossicles provides an additional pathway (termed fibrotic tissue pathway) for sound to reach the cochlea by means of CC. To address the function of fibrotic tissue pathway, BC and CC thresholds were measured in six ears with fibrotic aural atresia. The relationship between the CC thresholds and the results of computed to...
Zambia: Enhancing Better Reproductive Health
[Times of Zambia]THE world is now 30 years into the HIV epidemic and 20 years into the global AIDS response, yet children and young people remain at the forefront of the epidemic in terms of infections, vulnerability and impact. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Uganda: HIV Scorecard Shows Big Strides
[Observer]More Ugandans are accessing HIV/Aids treatment now compared to previous years, a new study by Uganda Network of Aids Services Organisations (Unaso) has revealed. According to the Uganda Aids Accountability Scorecard to be released today (Wednesday) at Hotel Africana, the number of individuals accessing ART increased from 329,060 (57 per cent coverage) to 577,000 (76.5 per cent) between September 2011 and September 2013. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Uganda: HIV Drugs Could Treat Cervical Cancer - Study
[Observer]A commonly used oral combination HIV drug of lopinavir and ritonavir could be taken as a vaginal capsule to kill the virus that leads to cervical cancer in women, a phase I clinical trial in Kenya reveals. Cervical cancer is caused by the uncontrolled growth of some cells on the cervix (the organ connecting the uterus to the vagina). Cells on the cervix begin to grow slowly and abnormally over several years. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)<div id="medworm"><p><b><i>MedWorm Sponsor Message:</i></b> Find the best <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Christmas Sales</a>, <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">Boxing Day Sales</a> and <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">January Sales</a> <a href="http://www.thejanuarysales.com/">here</a>.</p></div>
Effect of muscle metaboreflex activation on central hemodynamics and cardiac function in humans
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-10, e-First articles. We sought to determine how the mode of muscle metaboreflex activation influences the central hemodynamic response and cardiac inotropic and lusotropic function in healthy humans. Ten healthy males performed (i) isometric handgrip (IHG) with and without post-exercise ischemia (PEI) to examine the influence of isolated muscle metaboreflex activation and (ii) rhythmic handgrip (RHG) with and without ischemia to examine the influence of enhanced muscle metaboreflex activation. Heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) were continuously monitored. Stroke volume (SV, Doppler echocardiography) was measured, cardiac output (CO = HR × SV) and total peripheral resistance (TPR = mean BP/CO) calculated,...
Tanzania: Husbands Should Escort Wives to Clinics
[Daily News]A MALE partner's involvement during pregnancy can reduce mother to child transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
CDC: Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are seeking comment on the Community Context Matters Study National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP). (Source: Federal Register updates via the Rural Assistance Center)
Pulmonary symptoms and diagnoses are associated with HIV in the MACS and WIHS cohorts
Conclusions: In these two cohorts, HIV is an independent risk factor for several respiratory symptoms and pulmonary diseases including COPD and sleep apnea. Despite a higher prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms, testing for non-infectious respiratory diseases may be underutilized in the HIV-infected population. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Latest articles)

 

 


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